A LEVEL CHEMISTRY TEXTBOOK PDF
AS and A Level Chemistry Coursebook (2nd Edition) in pdf. written by one of the buttons below to unlock the download link(s) of this book. Cambridge International AS and A Level Chemistry E book PDF free download. Cambridge International AS & A Level Chemistry builds on the skills acquired at The book is divided into separate sections for AS and A Level and provides.
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Cambridge International AS and A Level Chemistry Coursebook. Pages· · There are a number of ways to use this book. We suggest you start by. Cambridge International AS and A Level Chemistry Coursebook. Pages · · (zlibraryexau2g3p_onion).pdf Astrophysics for People in a Hurry. Cambridge International AS and A Level English Language Coursebook Ebook. Contents How to use this book vi Chapter 6: Enthalpy changes 89 What are .. molar mass (g mol–1) Cambridge International AS Level Chemistry worked.
Go to our other sites. Endorsed by Cambridge Resources align to the syllabus they support, and have been through a detailed quality assurance process. Provides teacher support for the syllabus for examination from It contains advice about planning investigations, guidance about safety considerations, as well as differentiated learning suggestions. It provides opportunities to develop skills through practical investigation and includes sample data if students can't do the experiments themselves.
Cambridge International AS and A Level Chemistry Endorsed by Cambridge Resources align to the syllabus they support, and have been through a detailed quality assurance process. Description Supports the full syllabus for examination from Revision Guide Endorsed by Cambridge Resources align to the syllabus they support, and have been through a detailed quality assurance process.
Description Provides support for revision for examination from Description Provides support for teachers for the syllabus for examination from Workbook Endorsed by Cambridge Resources align to the syllabus they support, and have been through a detailed quality assurance process. Description Provides support for learners for the syllabus for examination from A-level Chemistry Core Other suggested resources Resources have not been through the Cambridge quality assurance process but have been found to provide useful support for the syllabus.
Description A text book which provides good, clear descriptions, each topic treated assuming no prior knowledge and with key points highlighted. It provides a different approach to the material to extend students. Bad Science Other suggested resources Resources have not been through the Cambridge quality assurance process but have been found to provide useful support for the syllabus.
Endorsed by Cambridge. Other suggested resources. Supports the full syllabus for examination from Provides support for revision for examination from Provides support for teachers for the syllabus for examination from Provides support for learners for the syllabus for examination from A text book which provides good, clear descriptions, each topic treated assuming no prior knowledge and with key points highlighted.
Further details and sample material for this resource. This deliberate variety is seen as a virtue of the complete syllabus. In order to specify the syllabus as precisely as possible and also to emphasise the importance of skills other than recall. Ar and relative molecular masses.
Mr from mass spectra The calculation of empirical and molecular formulae Reacting masses and volumes of solutions and gases iv v Learning Outcomes [the term relative formula or Mr will be used for ionic compounds] Candidates should be able to: H2O non-linear.
SF6 octahedral Teachers may use the concept of hybridisation on shapes of some molecules but this will not be examined. CH4 tetrahedral.
NH3 pyramidal. CO2 linear. BF3 trigonal. Br2 I and the liquid noble gases describe metallic bonding in terms of a lattice of positive ions surrounded by mobile electrons describe. Kw pH: Ka and the use of pKa Base dissociation constants. Kb and the use of pKb. Kp [treatment of the relationship between Kp and Kc is not required] d e calculate the values of equilibrium constants in terms of concentrations or partial pressures from appropriate data calculate the quantities present at equilibrium.
The ionic product of water. IV and VII. When describing preparative reactions. In equations for organic redox reactions. Detailed knowledge of practical procedures is not required: Content I II Molecular. The symbol for cyclohexane is acceptable. Displayed formulae A displayed formula should show both the relative placing of atoms and the number of bonds between them. Optical Isomers When drawing a pair of optical isomers.
H H C H for ethanoic acid. The C O O H convention for representing the aromatic ring is preferred. Learning Outcomes Candidates should be able to: Students studying Biology will inevitably have met some of the ideas in this option.
Students will not be expected to memorise the formulae or structures of complex substances. The basic structure of animal cells with reference to the structure and function of sub-cellular organelles nucleus. Students should be aware of the characteristics of living organisms and recognise that these characteristics are maintained by complex chemical reactions. Vmax and Km i j k l iii m explain the significance of Km in the different physiological roles of hexokinase and glucokinase explain the concept of the active site in enzyme structure compare competitive and non-competitive inhibition of enzymes in terms of their effects on Vmax and Km explain competitive.
The nature of the glycosidic link. In the context of this option. Questions will be based on this syllabus. As standard practice. Throughout this option. O2 and O3 to give reactive oxygen atoms. P and K explain the prevalence of oxides. Content I The primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of sewage; BOD values, nitrates and phosphates in water i iii The disposal of solid waste The removal of metallic ions from industrial waste.
Content Disposal, treatment of waste and recycling Learning Outcomes Candidates should be able to: The application of these ideas to certain analytical techniques is also included.
MnO42 and MnO-4 ii d iron. Some other chemistry of these metals II Learning Outcomes Candidates should be able to describe and explain the chemistry of: Candidates should not attempt tests. Candidates are NOT allowed to refer to note books.
Such experiments will depend on the simple manipulation of usual laboratory apparatus.
Cambridge International AS and A Level Chemistry book PDF
Exercises requiring a knowledge of simple organic reactions as outlined in Section Simple titrations involving other reagents may also be set but.
A knowledge of the following volumetric determination will be assumed: Candidates may also be required to carry out calculations as detailed in the theory syllabus. It will be assumed that candidates will be familiar with i the reactions of the following cations: An observational problem in which the candidate will be asked to investigate. Practical techniques The substance may be an element. The substances to be investigated may contain ions not included in the above list: Candidates should indicate at what stage a change occurs.
Answers should include details of colour changes and precipitates formed and the names and chemical tests for any gases evolved equations are not required. The following notes are intended to give schools and candidates an indication of the accuracy that is expected in quantitative exercises and general instructions for qualitative exercises. C when using a thermometer calibrated in 1 C intervals and to the nearest 0.
Candidates should normally record: In qualitative analysis exercises.
The attention of Centres is drawn to the Handbook for Centres which contain a section on Science Syllabuses which includes information about arrangements for practical examinations. Supervisors are reminded of their responsibilities for supplying the Examiners with the information specified in the Instructions.
Where clocks are specified. Details of the requirements for a particular examination are given in the Instructions for Supervisors which are sent to Centres several weeks prior to the examination. Two burettes. Unless otherwise. The list is not intended to be exhaustive: These Instructions also contain advice about colour-blind candidates. Failure to supply such information may cause candidates to be unavoidably penalised.
I aq nitrate. SO42 aq sulphite. SO32 aq 3 Gas ammonia. NH3 carbon dioxide. Br aq iodide.
cittadelmonte.info | Chemical Reactions | Chemical Bond
Cl aq bromide. CO2 chlorine. O2 sulphur dioxide. NO2 aq sulphate. H2 oxygen. Cl2 hydrogen. NO3 aq nitrite. Quantity Base quantities mass length time electric current thermodynamic temperature amount of substance Other quantities temperature volume density pressure frequency wavelength speed of electromagnetic waves Planck constant electric potential difference standard electrode potential redox electromotive force molar gas constant half-life atomic mass relative atomic mass isotopic molecular mass relative molecular mass molar mass nucleon number proton number neutron number number of molecules number of molecules per unit volume Avogadro constant Faraday constant enthalpy change of reaction standard enthalpy change of reaction ionisation energy lattice energy bond energy 64 Usual symbols m l t I T n SI unit kg.
The list is not exhaustive. Kw pH kJ mol 1 as appropriate as appropriate as appropriate mol dm 3 as appropriate mol2 dm 6 Kc Ka n. Estimate orders of magnitude. Use tables or calculators to evaluate logarithms for pH calculations. Express small fractions as percentages.
Test tabulated pairs of values for direct proportionality by a graphical method or by constancy of ratio. Calculate an arithmetic mean. Select appropriate variables and scales for plotting a graph. Solve simple algebraic equations. Transform decimal notation to power of ten notation standard form.
Substitute physical quantities into an equation using consistent units so as to calculate one quantity. Make appropriate evaluations of numerical expressions.
Determine and interpret the slope and intercept of a linear graph. Boltzmann distribution curves. Change the subject of an equation Most such equations involve only the simpler operations but may include positive and negative indices and square roots. Check the dimensional consistency of such calculations. Understand i ii the slope of a tangent to a curve as a measure of the rate of change.
A memory function may be useful but is not essential. Calculators If calculators are to be used. State implies a concise answer.
In the former instance the term usually implies that the answer should include reference to visual observations associated with the phenomena. Suggest is used in two main contexts.
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