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Information about the open-access journal Historicka Sociologie in DOAJ. DOAJ is an online Full-text formats available: PDF. PUBLICATION. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Jan 1, , Patricia Varona and others published Miguel III (): construcción histórica y literaria de un reinado. January · Byzantion; revue internationale des études byzantines. Paedagogica Historica . Article. LES PROBLÈMES ACTUELS DE LA COMÉNIOLOGIE REVUE DE LA LITTÉRATURE NOUVELLE · xml · par Josef Brambora.

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3 0. 8 6. 4. 0. 4 6. OBČIANSKE ZDRU Ž E NI E. SLOV. ARCHEOL. A HIST. IN ŠTITÚT - SAHI. VAJNORSKÁ. 8. / A. 8 3 1 0 4 BRATISLAVA. Although the Palaea Historica (hereafter, Palaea) features a 1 For the Greek text see principally D. Flusser, “Palaea Historica: An Unknown Source of Biblical Roumains,” Revue des Études slaves 40 (): – (reprinted in idem, . Available online: Guelton, Fréderic – Braud, Emmanuelle – Kšiňan, Michal. Historická revue 19, /10, p.

Dejiny Uhorska — Nodl, Martin: The war over the Babenberg Heritage and Stephen V. A forgotten elite. The ennoblement of Jews in the Austrian Empire Changes in land ownership in Slovakia in the period —

Earlier in the narrative, the author describes a terrifying nighttime encounter between Ephron the Hittite king and an angel who threatens him with a sword. Just as Abraham had received a tithe from Ephron, so he then pays a tithe to Melchizedek—thus explaining Heb. For an English translation of the ps. For discussion of the several witnesses to the legend, see also J.

According to Gen That detail, found in almost all the versions of the story, helps to identify the provenance of the story. According to the ecclesiastical historian Nicephorus Callistus fourteenth century , Helen, the mother of Constantine, erected a church on Mount Tabor near the cave where Melchizedek was said to have lived. In the early twelfth century, Abbot Daniel describes visiting the same cave: English translation by A. In the Year A.

The same geographical detail in the Palaea Hiersemann, , 6: Peter Grossmann zum Lying before them are the scissors and the knife that Abraham will use to shave Melchizedek. What the author of the Palaea has done is to provide for his readers the historical backstory for an image already well known to them.

Reichert, , n. Bolman, Monastic Visions New Haven: Yale University Press, , 68— See fur- ther G. An odd detail preserved in the Palaea may also suggest some connection with an older Jewish tradition.

As evidence against the Jews that circumcision was not an eternal cov- enant, Christian writers typically claimed that Melchizedek was uncircumcised; see, for example, Justin Martyr, Dial.

Most notably, there are places in the work where the author takes on the role of guide to and expositor of elements of the liturgy.

Kolaps a začiatok. Staroveký orient na prelome 2. a 1. tisícročia pred Kristom

In Byzantine hym- nody, for example, the Song of the Sea Exod The Palaea inserts verses from all three biblical odes into the appropriate points in its narrative. The meaning of this admonition would not have been lost on an attentive reader. Acting on the assumption that his readers would be familiar with the full texts of these canticles through hearing, reenactment, and recitation, the author provides only a few words in each citation; but this was certainly enough for readers to understand the historical context of the odes that they sang every day.

The author follows the same practice in citing from the Psalms and Andrew of Crete. Bitton-Ashkelony and L. Brepols, , 57— On the Palaea as a framing narrative for the Great Canon, see below, pp. Verses from these two works frame many of the episodes described. Only in the case of the Psalms and the Great Canon does he self-consciously and consistently play the role of an expositor, citing a lemma text and providing a historical explanation of its meaning.

See, for example, For the text, see F. It is a highly effective narrative technique. The words of their entreaty would have been immediately recognized by readers familiar with the divine liturgy. Paramelle and E. Cramer, , See the discussion of this image in R. Stone, A.

Amihay, and V. Society of Biblical Literature, , —99 — On Arimathea Gr. According to the Palaea —29 [] , Endor was appointed leader of the Jews when they were being oppressed by the Persians. But who is Endor? In the Great Canon, the episode is correctly dated during the reign of David. Note in addition the fol- lowing: For discussion, see H. The heading of the psalm in Greek reads: In the discussion that follows, I want to examine two of these organizing themes: Taking the form of a chrono- logical survey of the character and moral failings of biblical exemplars, the Great Canon invited Byzantine penitents to compare their own sinful souls with scriptural models and recognize their need for self-abasement and repen- tance.

According to the account in Judges 19, the Levite had come to Bethlehem to recover his concubine, who had fled to her parents. The Palaea con- structs the chain of events differently —45 [—76]. The reason why the Levite is late in leaving is entirely of his own doing.

(PDF) Parabiblical traditions in the Palaea Historica | William Adler -

Laziness and inattentive- ness to the time cause him to delay his departure. For that reason, he has no choice but to spend the night in the hostile city of the Benjaminites—a fatal decision leading to the brutal assault on his wife.

The citation from Andrew of Crete at the end of the episode In all, Cain is said to have committed seven sins, a num- ber hinted at in Gen 4: It might have been so, had not God had other, loftier plans for him.

Had Esau controlled his hunger, he might never have lost his birthright The narra- tive is organized around two penitential texts: In amplifying on the meaning of these two passages, the Palaea recounts how, after David had arranged for the murder of Uriah, God instructed a reluc- tant Nathan to rebuke the king 2 Samuel 11— Guided by the words of Andrew of Crete, our author casts Lamech as a type of the repentant sinner.

Cambridge University Press, , — On the theme of David the penitent king in Byzantine art, see also M. Bilarsky and R. Lang, , — Aptowitzer, Kain und Abel in der Agada Vienna: Lowit, , 59— In the Hellenistic Near East, stories of pre-Flood monuments preserved for later generations were a common means by which historians could explain the survival of the collec- tive learning of earliest mankind.

On them were inscribed their learning in the celestial sciences. It is Enoch, not Seth and his offspring, who now erects the two monuments.

And what he records has noth- ing to do with the transmission of higher learning. Rather the author exploits another, competing tradition about Enoch—not as the sage and culture hero, but as the prophet of repentance. In preparation for the calamity, Enoch does nothing other than record the mighty acts of God on monuments of brick and marble, presumably as a warning for later generations As elsewhere, the author was far from graceful in integrating the story into his own narrative.

Why would Enoch need to warn the sinning giants, when Noah was already doing the same thing? In any case, his own take on the legend of the two pre-Flood monuments, far better suited to the morally edifying aims of the work, reveals the wide cultural divide separating Josephus, the Hellenistic Jewish historian, from the pious Byzantine author of the Palaea.

Sir Where do you have a scapegoat? For the Palaea, the episode of the golden calf was only secondarily a story about idolatry. Its primary mes- sage was to warn readers about the dangers of breaking a fast Before Moses withdraws to Mount Sinai, he tells the Israelites to keep a fast for forty days.

But when their lust for food gets the better of them, they implore Aaron to build for them an image of God. When Aaron asks them to surrender their jewelry to be smelted into an idol, he assumes that they will be reluctant to part with the goods that they had taken from Egypt.

That is a miscalculation; the gluttony of some of them exceeds even their attachment to gold and silver. Absolving Aaron of any culpability has the ring of partisan- ship—a suspicion borne out by the ensuing narrative. There, the author takes care to record the dire penalties imposed on those found guilty of flouting ritual law and priestly prerogatives.

Even violations done innocently are sub- ject to extreme penalties. According to Num By contrast, the Palaea replaces Caleb with Phinehas, the grandson of Aaron and high priest in the wilderness; because they praised the land, they alone of the older generation are allowed to enter Canaan In another example, Numbers 16 relates that God killed Korah, a Levite, and Dathan and Abiram, from the tribe of Reuben, for instigating a revolt against Moses.

The Palaea reports the chain of events differently [—45] , making only Dathan and Abiram conspira- tors. And their transgression is not that of conspiring against Moses, but rather that of demanding a right reserved exclusively for the line of Aaron: Did God appear only to Aaron? When they seize the censers, spread incense and make smoke, the ground divides and swallowed up the entire assembly of Dathan.

It is only because Moses makes intercession to God that the assemblies of both men are not destroyed. Protection of the sanctity of the priesthood steers the author into a highly contested subject in Byzantine political ideology: According to 1 Sam 9: Because God had previously told Samuel about meeting a man who would save the people of Israel, he immediately recognized Saul as the future king of Israel and treated him accordingly.

In response to the demands of the people, God, with seem- ing indifference, tells Samuel to anoint as king whomever he lights upon at the gate of the city. By chance, it turns out to be Saul, a poor manual laborer who had fallen asleep at the city gates following a hapless and disorganized attempt to recover the sheep that he had lost.

Genesis That, of course, is self-evident from the narrative. Melchizedek, the solitary hermit on Mount Tabor, orphaned son of a murder- ous pagan king, was anything but a suitable model for the Byzantine emperor and priest. It is equally telling that, in presenting the history of the post-David monarchy, the Palaea mentions only one king, the Judahite king Uzziah.

Historicka Sociologie

Lascaratos and S. Dagron, Emperor and Priest: See further Dagron, Emperor and Priest, — In both the contents and the arrangement of extrabiblical material, the poet was deeply indebted to the Palaea.

In one manuscript of the Palaea Paris Bib. Because the Palaea is neither a continuous nor a dated chronicle, the transition is hardly elegant. Recent studies of the use of the Palaea in Slavic versions point in the same direction. In a recently published article, J. At present we can trace three trends in modern digital encyclopedias. Firstly, there are classic encyclopedias made accessible in digital form. They include the classic British, German, French, Italian and Czech encyclopedias, which originated in the last century.

However, the digitalization of information enables a much more rapid cycle of revising and publishing these classic encyclopedias. Computer technology and the World Wide Web also enable access to some classic encyclopedias for modern users for whom access to the traditional version is difficult.


There is also a trend to produce digital encyclopedias with no classic printed form. Up to now, the modern digital encyclopedia culminates in works using all means of expression to create encyclopedias and data bases conceived in a modern way. The Italians are producing some of the best examples. He had no experience with diplomacy and his activities in Zagreb were problematic.

His diplomatic rank was that of minister vyslanec and the Croatian diplomats in Bratislava had the same rank. There were three Croatian ministers in Bratislava in the years These expectations, however, were not fulfilled and the cooperation was limited to exchange of goods and cultural contacts. The NDH was too weak and could not be a real partner to Slovakia. In his evaluation, the uprising was a result of the weak national consciousness of the Slovaks who were — according to him — often closely connected with former Czechoslovakia.

In such circumstances the idea of Slovak-German friendship could not obtain much support and the field was opened for the wide-ranging activities of pro-Czechoslovak, Lutheran and Communist elements supported from London and Moscow.

Encyclopedias and modern technology.

Fabricius, CSc. Changes in land ownership in Slovakia in the period — From historical atlases to comprehensive memory portals. Digitalization as a change of discourse in urban historiography Notes on the work: A History of the Kingdom of Hungary — Vergessene Elite. Notizen zum Werk: Die Geschichte Ungarns It elucidates the situation in Central Europe from the s to s, when Stephen ascended to the throne, as well as the circumstances, which led to the events of his reign.

Key words: Kingdom of Hungary. Stephen V. St Stanislaw. War of the Babenberg Succession. On the basis of archive and field research, we succeeded in identifying and reconstructing the gold producing areas, which had an area of more than ha.

We analysed the form of the production area. We describe the technical procedures for obtaining the gold-bearing material and the subsequent extraction of the gold. We also mention specific examples of remains in the present landscape.

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