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Find the saved EPUB or PDF file on your computer. Double-click an ebook to start reading, or follow these steps to transfer it to an ereader. Type of format, e-Book file format. Contained by, OEB Package Format (ZIP). Extended from, XML, defined subset of XHTML, CSS, Dublin Core. Extended to, EPUB electronic publication standard. Website, Open eBook Forum. Open eBook (or OEB), or formally, the Open eBook Publication Structure (OEBPS), is a legacy . Open eBooks logo even more often, whether in school, at libraries, or through other eBook reading apps. screenshot of Open eBooks app First Book logo.

Support open educational resource OER initiatives, affordable textbook programs, and library publishing with the most widely adopted open textbook publishing software. Create textbooks, course materials, and monographs as interactive online books that can also be easily exported and distributed as ebooks, PDF, and print-on-demand formats. Easily create a book that you can self-publish as an ebook and in print through services such as Lulu, Kindle Direct Publishing, IngramSpark, Kobo, Nook, and more. Pressbooks is simple book production software, built with the web in mind. Create interactive web books, PDFs for print, and ebooks, all from one place. Write your own book on Pressbooks or import an existing manuscript, then choose a book design theme, and export into all the file formats you need to publish your books.

LCDs are much easier to read and electronic ink displays are a struggle to decipher unless you sit in strong light or use a clip-on light attachment.

Electronic ink also takes much longer to build up the image of a page than an LCD screen, which means it's unsuitable for everyday computer displays using any kind of moving image and completely unsuitable for fast-moving images such as computer games and videos. Sometimes parts of a previous page linger on as "ghosts" until you've turned another page or two.

You've probably noticed that, when you "turn the page" of an electronic book, the entire screen momentarily flashes black before the new page is displayed? Another major disadvantage is that most electronic ink displays are currently black and white. Crude color displays do exist E Ink has produced one called Triton since , in which a layer of red, green, and blue color filters is mounted over the usual black-and-white microcapsules and better ones are in development, but they're much more expensive than their black-and-white electronic paper or LCD equivalents and only display a relatively small number of colors Triton can manage , compared to about 17 million on a decent LCD.

In time, we're bound to have color electronic books and magazines, but don't hold your breath. Amazon's Jeff Bezos, speaking in mid, said that a color Kindle ebook reader was "multiple years" away: Kindle, Sony Reader, Nook, Elonex—which one should you buy?

The decision is a little easier than it used to be now Sony has regrettably stopped making ebook readers, though I'd still recommend looking out for cheap secondhand Sonys on auction sites. They're all broadly similar: Some have touchscreens ; others like the older and cheaper Kindles have miniature keyboards. Some have wireless connections for downloading more books; others such as the Sony Readers have to be connected to a computer with a USB cable. When you plug in your reader, it "syncs" synchronizes its internal memory with the library on your PC, adding any new books and deleting any unwanted ones.

If you have a wireless reader, you maintain your library on the reader itself or in the cloud stored on a remote computer somewhere and accessed online , adding and removing books directly. It's not a big issue, I don't think, though elderly people who have little experience of using a computer may find buying books easier with something like a wireless Kindle with its built-in, easy-to-use bookstore.

Horses for courses: Portable versions of the Sony Reader have a much smaller page size than a typical hardbook book.

Electronic books

That's great if you want to carry your reader in your jacket pocket or your handbag so you can read while you're travelling. It's much less attractive if you do most of your reading at home: This is one example of why it pays to think about how you're going to use an ebook reader before you buy it. The best and most expensive readers use extremely high-resolution E Ink screens that work better in daylight than at night you'll need good indoor lighting or a clip-on light if you're planning to do most of your e-reading in the evenings ; LCD-screen readers such as the Elonex have backlit screens that favor indoor use and like computer screens can be tricky to read in bright sunlight.

Amazon's current state-of-the-art reader, the Kindle Paperwhite, has discreet little LED lights built around the edge of the screen that make a noticeable difference when you're reading indoors in the dim evening light.

E Ink apparently uses energy only when you turn the pages, so the Sony Reader can happily survive for about two weeks of very heavy use on a single charge of the batteries, while the Kindle Paperwhite claims up to eight weeks of battery time. That means it's also very environmentally friendly to read books or documents from a handheld ebook reader compared to reading them on a computer screen. Some ebook readers can cope with ebooks in all kinds of different formats.

The PDF viewer is really neat, allowing you to rotate the screen or scroll documents column-by-column for easy reading. You can also mail documents to your Kindle, which is something you can't do on a Sony.

You can use the Sony Reader in "landscape" orientation if you find that easier, though you have to switch it over manually from the keyboard unlike with a smartphone, the display doesn't rotate itself. If environmental issues matter to you, reading documents on an ebook reader like this might appeal, because it uses a fraction as much energy as a laptop. The text is much more legible than it appears in this photograph. Most books currently produced by publishers are copyrighted, which means you can and should expect to pay a fair price if you want to use them.

A decade ago, when I first wrote this article, relatively few publishers had embraced ebooks. Today, most publishers make most new books available in at least one electronic format, and many sell direct to readers from their own websites, but they're taking their time making backlist and out-of-print titles available this way.

Generally, it's relatively easy to find new mass-market bestsellers in ebook format but harder to find more specialized books and quality, literary fiction. Public domain classics are the easiest books to find in ebook format, largely thanks to the sterling and visionary work of Project Gutenberg and, more recently, the Open Library , which currently promises over a million free ebook titles.

If you enjoy reading classic novels, buying an ebook reader is probably a no-brainer; if you're more a fan of modern literary fiction, you might have a harder time finding what you want in digital form.

Unfortunately, the standard of production for ebooks is noticeably lower and sloppier than it is for print books: It's quite obvious that publishers don't apply the same high editorial and proofreading standards to printed books and ebooks. Take a moment to send complaints direct to a publisher whenever you find a really sloppy ebook, copy the author in if you can find contact details for them—and be sure to ask for a refund.

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If you buy copyright ebooks from either Amazon or another outlet, you'll find they're protected by what's called DRM digital rights management —effectively a kind of encryption that prevents people from distributing pirate copies of books illegally.

DRM protection restricts what you can do with books you've bought, but it's not necessarily the drawback it seems. First, it's very much a necessity from a publisher's point of view: I'm delighted to find I can log in to my local library and download, for free, for periods of up to 14 days, a fair selection of a few hundred popular ebooks. Once the borrowing time has expired, the books delete themselves automatically from my reader.

All rights reserved. Full copyright notice and terms of use. E Ink is a registered trademark of E Ink Corporation.

Kindle and Paperwhite are trademarks of Amazon. OverDrive is a registered trademark of Overdrive, Inc. Please rate or give feedback on this page and I will make a donation to WaterAid. Woodford, Chris. Retrieved from https: You are here: Electronic books. How does electronic ink and paper work? Advantages and disadvantages of electronic ink If you've tried reading an electronic book, you'll know that electronic ink and paper is much easier to read from for long periods than an LCD computer screen.

Which electronic book reader should I buy?

Displays and batteries The best and most expensive readers use extremely high-resolution E Ink screens that work better in daylight than at night you'll need good indoor lighting or a clip-on light if you're planning to do most of your e-reading in the evenings ; LCD-screen readers such as the Elonex have backlit screens that favor indoor use and like computer screens can be tricky to read in bright sunlight. Finding ebooks Most books currently produced by publishers are copyrighted, which means you can and should expect to pay a fair price if you want to use them.

Who invented electronic books? Ancient Egyptians make the first paper from the stem of the papyrus plant. Chinaman Ts'ai Lun develops modern paper from hemp fiber. German Johannes Gutenberg invents the modern process of printing with movable metal type, which leads to a vast increase in the popularity of books. Computer scientist Alan Kay imagines a portable computerized book, which he nicknames the Dynabook.

It is a commercial flop. Late s: Several new handheld, electronic book readers are launched, including the SoftBook, RocketBook, and Everybook—but fail to make much impact on the marketplace. Best-selling horror author Stephen King launches a short novel called Riding the Bullet in electronic format and sells over half a million copies.

Larry Sanger and Jimmy Wales give the world Wikipedia—an electronic encyclopedia anyone can contribute to. Amazon Kindle becomes Amazon's number one bestselling product, confirming that electronic books and readers really have arrived! E Ink announces Triton, a colored version of its ebook screen technology.

How to read Open EPUB or Open PDF ebooks on a computer

Project Gutenberg celebrates 40 years of producing and distributing electronic books. A report by Pricewaterhouse Coopers predicts ebooks will outsell printed books by , but UK bookstore founder Tim Waterstone argues the market will go into decline.

Sony stops selling its Readers after growing sales of smartphones and tablets cause a major fall in sales.

The Association of American Publishers reports a dramatic reversal of fortune, with a 10 percent fall in sales of ebooks which still account for only a fifth of the market. Walmart announces it will challenge Amazon's dominance of the ebook market in a bold partnership with Japanese firm Rakuten.

Sponsored links. Around one in six ebooks are pirated, according to Britain's Society of Authors. Publishers have failed to exploit the unique properties of digital information, argues the head of Hachette Livre. The Plot Twist: The New York Times.

September 22, Why has there been a dramatic decline in ebook sales and a resurgence in printed books? A look at the various technical terms used to describe different kinds of ebooks and related technologies. E-books to outsell print by says new report: BBC News, 4 June Not everyone agrees the ebook revolution will continue, as you can see from another BBC story, Tim Waterstone 'predicts e-book decline' , from 31 March Which is the best format for ebooks?

How libraries can lend books in electronic format, thanks to systems such as OverDrive, ebrary, and Public Library Online.

Why US schools are embracing ebooks and iPads: BBC Click, 27 June How schools are turning to ebooks, iPads, and cloud computing. Is the writing on the wall for paper? A thoughtful technology writer sees different strengths and weaknesses in paper and electronic displays and sees both technologies surviving side-by-side for some time yet.

Lots of interesting technical information and background.

E Ink: E Ink's YouTube channel has some great little videos demonstrating black-and-white and color displays. Routledge, A broad overview of what ebooks mean for librarians and publishers. Electronic Books and ePublishing: Together, Pressbooks and the OTN are working to help. A lot of work goes into making great software for great people. For more. Are you a developer who wants to run your own Pressbooks network? You can download the free and open source developer edition of Pressbooks.

Educational Institutions Support open educational resource OER initiatives, affordable textbook programs, and library publishing with the most widely adopted open textbook publishing software.

Find Out More. Faculty Authors Create textbooks, course materials, and monographs as interactive online books that can also be easily exported and distributed as ebooks, PDF, and print-on-demand formats.

About Pressbooks Pressbooks is simple book production software, built with the web in mind.

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More About Us. Clients who love Pressbooks. May 23, by Elizabeth Mays.

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