PREMCHAND NOVELS PDF
Jan Ahankar by Munshi Premchand Hindi Novel ebook pdf. Title, गोदान. Author, प्रेमचंद. Translator. Editor. Year, Publisher. Address. Source. Progress, default. Volumes. Godan by Munshi Premchand in English PDF - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read His novels describe the problems of the poor and the.
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Premchand's novel Gaban. You need Google Play Books for opening EPUB file on your mobile. Download Free PDF Download Free EPUB for mobile. Premchand, & Roadarmel, G. C. (). The gift of a cow: a translation of the classic Hindi novel Godaan by Premchand. Delhi: Permanent Black. PRE. ELEVEN STORIES BY PREMCHAND. Catastrophe. Vidhwans. In Banaras District there is a village called Bira in which an old, childless widow used to live.
Sep 07, Aamir rated it really liked it. But it does look a little self-indulging to worry about the nose, when right under your nose, there are peasants of your land dying of starvation. There is a frisson of adultery and an unrequited love story. His novels describe the problems of the poor and the urban middle-class. Because we mostly forget the most essential thing of life i.
Godan by Premchand
Now days it involves itself to do more than that of a chauvinistic approach. Patriarchy has now become as a set of social relations between men, who have a material base, and it is hierarchical, and it establishes, or creates independence among men, and it enables them to dominate women. Feminism was not and never ever concerned with gaining equality with men, but instead it questions, why women are secondary, and always are dependent on men.
For the women characters of Premchand are strong, and he uses them as a voice to fight in support of the women. Munshi Totaram made Nirmala his treasurer, and she very well fulfilled the duty assigned to her.
If there was a short fall she would ask his the reason, and she only discussed only the matters of the household in detail with him, for she thought he was only fit for that. She even did not even approve of the children eating frequently during the day. They refuse to keep calm, and so does Kalyani also do with her words fighting up with her husband saying, Kalyani-Then manage your household too!
I have as much as right to this home as you. Not one whit less! You can do as you please with your children, feed them or starve them according to your fancy.
Out of sight, out of mind! If Nirmala went to the terrace, she suspected that she was going to see someone else.
Rukmini was like a secret police. One day Nirmala asked her husband to ask Rukmini to leave her in peace. Munshi Totaram saw this as an excellent opportunity to demonstrate his love for Nirmala.
Still there are yet some practices that still lie prevalent in this generation too, which is seen in traditional homes, and is also seen as a scene in this fiction too. It is the practice where the women did not eat with their men folk, and waited for them to finish before they eat the food. Thus this also proves the way Premchand has analysed the different nature of women in the society.
The second instance proves how dowry is thus a serious threat, and young brides are helpless as seen in this novel, and the protagonist Nirmala is seen to suffer a lot due to this, even when the marriage was settled without a penny being spent.
The husband, and his family hold an immense power, and the bride is left powerless. This also shows the problems that a young bride has to face up with while she got married to someone who is much older than her.
It was performed in order to protect the girls against rapes. Other reasons were to strengthen relations, and bonds in a family. Also to satisfy elders who want to see their grand children marriages before their death. In some economically poor families, the parents used to perform marriages to under aged girls even with a much elderly man. Some families used to do it in the fear that the children may deviate after reaching teenage.
Children are forced to marry as their parents create a pressure on them because if young girls are not married in some villages the whole family is abandoned by the villagers. Premchand has touched upon all these issues, and is in bits, which is seen through the marriage of Munshi Totaram to Nirmala. This is also seen in the thoughts that runs around in the mind of Kalyani such as: She cares much more for her sons than she does for her daughters She owned a house, she had some ready cash, jewellery worth thousands, but still had to bring up her two sons, see them through their education.
Another daughter will be ready to marry in another four or five years. This is why she cannot even think of giving a large sum of money as dowry; after all, the boys must get their due. Psyche is known to be known as the totality of the mind. Premchand also observed keenly the psychology of a child, which has been brought up in poverty.
In the short story Eidgaah, the protagonist, a small boy, goes with his relatively well to do friends. While talking about the other points concerned with women, and their psyche, David Rubin, who is one of the translators of Premchand. Rubin, 32 The psyche that is seen throughout the novel is a exact portrayal of what is seen in reality in plenty in the lives of Indians, and Premchand has documented it all in a great way by showing it through the family where Nirmala is married off to.
This very term was first introduced, and became famous in the late s, but Nirmala was published in Nirmala can also be called in the terms of a revolutionary social novel since it talks about a story which tells us about the victimization of women in the early twentieth-century, where the main female protagonist walks through a tragic journey trapped in the cycles of social evils such as patriarchy through a very gloomy terrain of life shaded by the ills such as suspicions, neglects, and cruelties.
And so the novel was called as a document of its times, since it was an open window into the Indian society. It is also considered to be as a classic text of a woman as victim at least in Hindi.
Godan by Premchand - Hindi Books Pdf Download for Free
This melodrama about the young woman who is at the receiving ends of the rotten social issues such as a dowry, and the mismatched marriage with an older man, was a huge success when it was first published, being perceived as a progressive blow in support of women. The psychology running on the mind of the child in a childish way is also a point to be well appreciated in the works of Premchand, and that too can be seen through the words of Nirmala younger sister Krishna when she talks with her mother Kalyani: Kalyani-Because as awful calamity has struck the fellow who was to bring a baraat to your house.
A huge fire Krishna-Really, mother? Then their house must have got destroyed. Where would they be staying then? And where will sister stay? Kalyani-O you are stupid! Krishna-Why mother? Kalyani-He wanted a lot of money. Krishna-Is he very greedy, mother? How could she have lived with him? This is something to be happy about, why are you feeling so bad?
Kalyani would have thought that Nirmala would have had a lifetime of weeping, these words of Krishna made Kalyani to get up and she was feeling better already.
Thus Premchand has truly shown the thoughts that he had, and portrayed it so beautifully on how an innocent child would talk on such matters it could be also taken as an account of feministic view too. The anger that Nirmala had on her mother is also revealed, it also shows how a real young bride would feel while she is married off to a man older than herself: Everytime Nirmala dressed up in all her finery and stood in front of the mirror, admiring her radiant beauty, her heart would fill with longing and desire.
She would be consumed with a burning sensation in her heart. She felt like burning the house down. She felt angry with her mother, of course; but her greatest anger was reserved for poor Munshi Totaram. This burning resentment was always with her. Even Premchand portrayed the how one the child of Munshi Totaram gets beating from him, and is comforted by Nirmala.
He sat up then weeping in her lap, and fell asleep; bet fear was seen on his face. These are one of the many other heart touching lines that are seen running throughout this novel. These lines would have really been the ones which would have touched many while reading the novel from the first time it was freshly published. Mansaram was another child of Munshi Totaram who was roughly the same age as Nirmala, but he was five years behind her in the way of the psychological development, where Hockey and Football was his world.
Whenever Nirmala had listened to Mansaram talking about his world to her, Nirmala was able to forget herself. She then would go on to her own old days where she played with dolls, and arranged their weddings. Whereas Munshi Totaram also devoted himself on taking Nirmala to all sorts of entertainments, but he later realized that all was not enjoyed by Nirmala, this made him to return again to his own solitary ways.
These sorts of things done by Munshi Totaram made Nirmala to wonder if he was suffering from some form of illusion.
Godan by Munshi Premchand in English PDF
He once acted as if he was attacked by many men on the advice of his friend Nayansukhram, but Nirmala found flaws in his dramatic acts, and Munshi Totaram was unprepared with the question Nirmala had asked him. He ran out to find help then there at that time comes in Mansaram who was having his meal with his Hockey stick, and beat the snake black and blue until it was dead. Has he really contracted some dreadful illness? Lord, do you wish to make my condition even more pathetic? I can look after him, respect him, devote my entire life to his service What is it he wants from me?
She had fully decided to sacrifice herself wholly to familial duty. She considered with her fate that all creatures of God are not destined to be happy, and she also considered her to be one among the many unfortunate people, and she was chosen by God to carry a burden full of misery, and finally she considers herself as one who is sentenced to life imprisonment cannot afford to go on crying.
So from that day on whenever Munshi Totaram was back again at home from court he would find Nirmala smiling at him at the door, eager to welcome him upon his return, this made him happy.
But then was brought down again when Nirmala was found to be talking about Mansaram. This made Munshi Totaram for the first time to deal with his studies, and he wanted to ask him a question that Mansaram would not be able to deal with as he desired to find his weakness.
But, only Nirmala could notice Mansaram was sad, and was getting weaker. The novel shows, or makes the readers understand the problems that are faced by a girl being married to an older person. The main problems are to be the ego, jealousy, complexes; and so on as it is very much seen in the character of Munshi Totaram who plays to be the role of male dominance over the second half of the novel.
The problems between the couples could have been brought down by the levels of having a good amount of talks with each other, and this scene is never been witnessed in the novel. Nirmala wants to do so, but some elements keep her haunting. This is also evident on the passage where Nirmala meets her sister Krishna during the time of her marriage: Krishna-Were you also very fond of Mansaram? Krishna, I tell you truthfully, whenever he came and sat next to me I lose all my sense of myself.
Krishna-Hush, sister. But nothing can change Speak up yourself-what would you do if you were married off to a fifty-year-old? Nirmala-Then you know all there is to know. Next the conflict of the younger minds is also seen so well throughout the novel through the characters such as Mansaram, Jiyaram, and Siyaram. The novel shows their inability to think Nirmala as their mother, for there was along gap that their real mother had died.
Jiyram is seen much in the middle of the novel whereas he grows, and when Nirmala had not been there, he began to become quarrelsome towards his father, and accused him for getting married for a second time which was not a keen interest of God according to Jiyaram. Each and every day the father and the son quarreled about something, or the other every day. One day Jiyaram went beyond saying to Rukmini: Munshi Totaram was unconcerned outwardly, but fear was with him inside, and this made him to stop going out in the evenings.
For Jiyaram says in one point: Jiyaram-Then listen. He in the later stages of the novel becomes a family friend, and even his own family member is married off to Krishna with his efforts, who asked no dowry in return.
The Doctor was a kind of a psychological counselor for Munshi Totaram, and Jiyaram. Who can ever hope to repay all one owes them? I feel thoroughly ashamed of myself. I allowed myself to be led astray. But, the situation at home was different Jiyaram tried hard to convince his father that he had changed, but never did Munshi Totaram believe in his words, and this is beautifully said by Premchand as: The carefully nurtured flame of compassion had been extinguished by one thoughtless gust of sarcasm.
A little sympathy could have persuaded the horse to move forward again, but the lash of the whip made it act stubborn once more-indeed, made it push backwards out of sheer spite. He describes of how the relationship of a father must be to their children, and not to be one who is a stranger. When Nirmala returns back she sees the situation of the whole house to be upside down.
There was problem everywhere, even for Asha the child Nirmala brought to Earth. Munshi Totaram wanted to give Asha sweets, and asks Siyaram to get some, but by now Siyaram was under the spell of Jiyaram. For now he could not ask for the sweets, for he felt regrets. This again shows the psychological analysis made by Premchand on noticing the temptations, that are to be found in certain ages, and beautifully fits it in for Siyaram on the look of the sweets.
Where during those days Jiyram, hardly ate anything, his face was drained of all colour. If he had known that things would go this far, he would have never done such a crime. Even before the stolen ornaments were found, there were strong rumors going rounds that it was the son who had made off with the family jewels, and so Jiyaram was in shame not knowing, where he could hide it at. When Munshi Totaram reports the discovery to Nirmala she replied: Munshiji-You suspected Jiyaram? Nirmala-Of course.
You would certainly have suspected my motives in voicing such a suspicion.
But even so, you should have said it to me anyway. This passage also reveals the very suspecting nature of Munshi Totaram again in one tight blow. The silence of Nirmala to speak up at crucial moments is a fight towards the whole male world which has made her what she is to be, and makes her to be like that still thus. Now with two sons of Munshi Totaram gone only Siyaram was left behind.
The tortures of dowry hits Nirmala again back; this made her to cut down all the unnecessary spending of money, and to be a lot economical. All these fears began with the theft of her jewels, and it totally changed her nature entirely.
For this Premchand says that: So it is from her jewellery that she derives her strength and her confidence. Nirmala owned full six or seven thousand worth of ornaments. It was almost as if each single piece of jewellery was a shield to protect her against hardship and misfortune. Here he also shows the male domination, and love for materials. Whereas for the females they had only jewels as their own wealth as per Premchand. Nirmala would have thought to marry her daughter with the help of the jewels but now for it being gone away, made her to change her a lot.
Quarrels between Rukmini, and Nirmala were a daily affair. Nirmala on the other hand remained uncaring even towards her own needs, she would do without buying oil for her hair, and even she neglected to send for milk for her own infant daughter Asha.
Meanwhile Munshi Totaram totally by this time around surrendered to her control, and never interfered on the things she did. He went to courts almost daily, worked harder, than he did in his younger ages; even his eyesight was failing, and developed asthma.
Nirmala was found to have no sympathy towards him, even she was found to be in rage every time she heard a beggars cry, for she was unwilling to spend a single paisa. All these made Siyaram to think for himself that: Bhaiya has gone, and so has Jiyaram-so why have I been spared to put up with all this misery has gone, and so has Jiyaram-so why have I been spared to put up with all this misery?
It is also a lesson that is being spread to the society, and to the readers who read this novel. Advice to men and certain women such as Rukmini who becomes also as a puppet to the males. Siyaram was not a cautious shopper, and had no skills of bargaining. He spent a lot of time running, fetching, and returning.
This scene made the sadhu to look deeply sympathetic towards Siyaram, and wanted to bring his misery to an end.
He talked to the Siyaram in a kindly voice, when Siyaram started to walk towards home and the sadhu also followed him, and all along the way he spoke gently. Siyaram told the entire story to him, and the he in turn said his story as: Sadhu-Yes, my son, or else why would I be a sadhu today? Initially my father resisted marrying again.
He loved me a great deal. But then suddenly he changed his mind-and married. As for my father, his attitude towards me changed entirely.
Finally one day, I left home. Talk to her even. Yoga has the power to summon up the spirits of the dead at will.
Parmanand asked, him where had he gone to? His stepmother torments him. First find out which houses in a particular neighbourhood have stepmothers. Those are the houses to go for. Nirmala was left speechless It shows the anger that had locked up in the mind her for a long time has burst out for the first time as how even Siyaram had burst out the feelings that he had for a long time which was running across his mind.
Siyaram felt shame; he saw that the end of all these troubles lies in the blessings of the holy man. Even at this time, who in that home could possibly be worrying about his long absence?
Babuji must have retired after his dinner and Ammaji must be preparing to sleep. No one could possibly have bothered so much as to look in his room. Child-Why not? The child came preeningly towards him and sat in his lap. For a while, playing with his daughter, Munshiji forgot the sorrow breaking him inside.
Finally this novel is thus a message to all, from the old age to the young age. The very art work of the novel Nirmala reveals a sad faced Nirmala sitting near an old man portraying Munshi Totaram. The two art works in the novels translated by Alok Rai, and David Rubin, shows the unsatisfactory life of the female protagonist. Premchand has also portrayed very well the event of the blooming of the flowers in a garden, and other elements in nature too.
The flower is almost a symbol that represents youth, and freshness which is witnessed by one who reads the novel. The cool breezes of the month of Chaita were blowing softly. Stars were spangled across the night sky.
Premchand also uses it when Nirmala described to Krishna about Mansaram during her wedding. This is very well witnessed in the death of Sohan who was the son of Sudha, and Doctor Sinha where he says, A plant grows when it receives light and air, but becomes strong by having to cope with gusts of wind, so love needs the experience of grief to become strong.
Sinha, one can assume him to as a very changed person, also with this we also see him to conduct the marriage of Krishna without any dowry, and also see him to advise Jiyaram on not to go against his father. But the good character of Dr. Sinha seems to be changed when he witnesses the beauty of Nirmala, and the sad thing that he missed her as a wife just for the want of more dowry.
His behaviour towards Nirmala made Sudha to be furious over Dr. Sinha, and the talk of Sudha made Sinha to suicide. This novel could be also considered as a Bildungsroman novel for it shows the growth of the characters such as Nirmala, Krishna, Rukmini, Munshi Totaram, and his children.
There is a wide range of maturity seen, and witnessed in the child like Krishna, but changes ultimately when she comes to a marriageable age. Where Krishna at one point is seen in her room where she busily was plying her chakra with much possible concentration than that of she had devoted to entertainments of the past. Even Nirmala was amazed on seeing Krishna making a real fine yarn for a turban for her husband. This change of Krishna from a child like character to a matured person proves the changes that come through the ages, and experiences that she had learnt from the past.
This also shows the use of the symbol of the Chakra to denote Mahatma Gandhi, who has inspired Premchand a lot. We also see the changes that are taking place in the mind of Mansaram, Jiyaram, and Siyaram in the novel. The most beautifully highlighted was the rural life which circulated around Hori. There is also a story about a married woman who realises that the only reason for her husband to marry her was to use her as cheap labour.
One day, he sees a milkman coming toward him with exactly the kind of cow he wants, but he has to hold his h Describes the Life of a poor farmer Hori and his struggle to keep alive in the milieu of British Raj. I guess translated versions of great pieces of literature should be avoided as it loses essence.
Almost all of his writings are set in the fictional city of Malgudi, and are narrowly focused on the lives of relatively humble individuals, neither extremely poor nor very rich. In the beginning, Hori's landlord talk I read this in Hindi - it was my first Hindi novel. Women shape society, they control the flow. A novel writer, story writer and dramatist, he has been referred to as the "Upanyas Samrat" "Emperor among Novelists" by some Hindi writers.
In real life, they don't. Since I am not used to reading Hindi novels, I picked up the translated version of the most widely read novel "Godan" with great expectations. He used literature for the purpose of arousing public awareness about national and social issues and often wrote about topics related to corruption, child widowhood, prostitution, feudal system, poverty, colonialism and on the India's freedom movement.
With Premchand, Urdu fiction became a product of the soil. Themed around the socio economic deprivation as well as the exploitation of the village poor, the novel was the last complete novel of Premchand. Premchand is universally considered one of the greatest writers of modern India.
It is a picture of India as I had never seen before. About halfway through, the mini-stories of peripheral characters began to dominate the book, leaving behind the people I was most interested in: Godaan - literally, the donation of a cow - seems, when this landmark novel of Premchand's first begins, an event unlikely to happen, because the story starts with a poor farmer's desire to somehow buy a cow.
You feel the pain of characters, you enjoy with them, in short you feel what they feel. Maybe something was lost in translation. And many many more things. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. He is one of the most celebrated writers of the Indian subcontinent,and is regarded as one of the foremost Hindustani writers of the early twentieth century.
However, I was a bit disappointed. A completely gripping novel with a great philosophical touch. So many characters, but not one is stereotyped or made to look like a caricature. It does all that with a simplicity that is delightful. Sep 25, Pulkit Verma rated it it was amazing. The story revolves around many characters representing the various sections of Indian community. After all what are the desires of a man, those that were never fulfilled. Born Dhanpat Rai, he began writing under the pen name "Nawab Rai", but subsequently switched to "Premchand", while he is also known as "Munshi Premchand", Munshi being an honorary prefix.
The book is a wonderfully written account of the trials and travails of farmers during the time of British raj and Zamindars. Godan or giving away a cow as part of Hindu rituals is one of the masterpieces of Indian fiction. Hori and his immediate family. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. All the major ones change over the course of the novel with the circumstances and reveal new sides to them.
This is a very well contained snapshot of India. These are some great tools that i definitely use for SEO work. But still if someone wants to try a Premchand, please go ahead.
He talks about role of women in shaping the society. Choice of words and purity of language is exhilarating. The only thing I wish was that there were fewer secondary characters floating around the book. Godan while not being able to more I think that although time and technologies are evolving fast, the idea of human values still remains relevant. On one level, it is the story of the courtesan Ambapali, who is closely linked to the powerful rulers of Vaishali; and whose beauty and clout at the royal court are legendary.
The narrative represents the average Indian farmer's existence under colonial rule, with the protagonist facing cultural and feudal exploitation. Nov 22, Vinay Joshi rated it it was amazing. May 03, Madhulika Liddle rated it really liked it. Each character is introduced, and developed beautifully.
Godan, a story of stark realism, is Premchand's most outstanding novel. A fine collection of great novels and books available in offline mode. See more. Munshi Premchand ki Kahaniyan. Free Hindi Literature offline. Akbar Birbal ki Kahaniyan. The best stories of Akabal and Birbal. Read and share with your friends. Kunra Technologies. Akbar birbal ki kahaniya in hindi.