Environment Site Planning Kevin Lynch Pdf


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Site planning by Kevin Lynch; 5 editions; First published in ; Subjects: Building sites, City planning, Planning, In library, Urbanisme. Get this from a library! Site planning.. [Kevin Lynch]. Planning. THE IMAGE OF THE CITY. Kevin Lynch. What does the city's form actually mean to .. visual interconnection were confined to house sites or religious.

Site Planning Kevin Lynch Pdf

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Site Planning Lynch - Free download as PDF File .pdf) or view presentation slides online. kevin lynch site planning. Site Planning - Kevin Lynch - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. This new edition of Kevin Lynch's widely used introductory textbook has. SITE PLANNINGSITE PLANNING SITE PLANNING REVIEW RAP.

By Kevin Lynch and Gary Hack. This new edition of Kevin Lynch's widely used introductory textbook has been completely revised; and is also enriched by the experience of Lynch's coauthor, Gary Hack. For over two decades, Site Planning has remained the only comprehensive source of information on all the principal activities and concerns of arranging the outdoor physical environment. Now, new illustrations double the visual material and one hundred pages of new appendixes cover special techniques, provide references to more detailed technical sources, and put numerical standards in a concise form. An introduction summarizes the site planning process. This is followed by a case study of a typical professional project and ten chapters which provide new materials on user analysis, programming, site planning for built places, housing tenures and their planning implications, cost estimating, mapping, the reading of air photographs, site design for housing in developing countries, design strategies, environmental impact analyses, and many others—all illustrated with in-text photographs and line drawings and with Lynch's characteristic marginal sketches.

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Your rating has been recorded. Write a review Rate this item: Preview this item Preview this item. Site planning. Kevin Lynch Publisher: Cambridge, Mass.

Press, English View all editions and formats Rating: Subjects City planning. Urbanisme -- Planejamento Territorial Urbano. More like this User lists Similar Items. Find a copy online Links to this item Google. Allow this favorite library to be seen by others Keep this favorite library private. Find a copy in the library Finding libraries that hold this item The size of the particles in the soil being too small to transmit infiltration water. Contours make it possible to measure the height of mountains, depth of the ocean bottoms, and steepness of slopes.

Establish the site boundaries on the map. Make a constructed graduated scale on the edge of a cardboard sheet, representing the distances of each slope pattern using same scale as the topo map.

Place the scale on the map see illustration above and mark the edges where the scale matches the distances between contour lines. Color- or hatch-code each area delineated by these edges. Slopes influence the alignment of modern roads according to class of roads; the higher the class, the lower the maximum grades allowable. Energy for this process is solar and gravitational. Soil Type: Slope Size and Inclination: Slopes that are both steep and long produce the greatest erosion because they generate runoff that is high in velocity and mass.

Frequency and Intensity of Rainfall: Knowledge of watershed boundaries is critical to water quality and storm water management. Climatic control 2. Environmental Engineering 3.

Trees are one of the best controls for solar radiation because: Wind — helps to control temperature. When winds are of low velocity, they may be pleasant, but when velocity increases, may cause discomfort or damage. Trees help to buffer winds in urban areas caused by convection and Venturi effects. Plants help to control precipitation reaching the ground.

By intercepting rain and slowing it down, they aid in moisture retention, and in the prevention of soil erosion. Air Purification — Plants clean air through the process of photosynthesis where they use up carbon dioxide emissions of cars and trucks and in the process release oxygen into the air.

Trees also help filter out other pollutants, i. Noise — To understand noise: The sound level of normal conversation is about 60 decibels; a plane taking off produces decibels at a distance of ft. Sound energy usually spreads out and dissipates in transmission.

Site planning.

Sound waves can be absorbed, reflected or deflected. Plants absorb sound waves through their leaves, branches, twigs, especially those with thick fleshy leaves and thin petioles. Noise thick fleshy leaves and thin petioles Noise Tree trunks deflect sounds and it has been estimated that a ft.

Glare and Reflection — Plants reduce glare and reflection caused by sunlight.

Site Planning, Third Edition

A light source received directly produces primary glare while reflected light is secondary glare. Plants may be used to filter or block glare by use of plants with the appropriate size, shape, and foliage density.

Erosion Control — Plants are a primary means of preventing erosion from stormwater runoff and of controlling erosion during construction. Erosion is also minimized by the plants action of intercepting rain, decreasing splash, and increased water absorption. Erosion Control Vegetation with extensive root systems imparts stability to slopes.

On sandy slopes, the presence of woody vegetation can increase the angle of repose by 10 to 15 degrees. Space Definition — Plants can help in several ways: View Control — While trees and shrubs can screen out objectionable views, they can also provide backdrops for sculpture and fountains. Additionally, they may provide filtered views of buildings or spaces, or frame a view, maximizing its effect.

The three groups of habitat elements essential to the different species of wildlife are: Openland Wildlife — includes birds and mammals commonly associated with crop fields, meadows, pastures, and non-forested lands. Habitat elements essential for openland wildlife include: Grain and seed crops b. Grasses and legumes c. Wild herbaceous upland plants d. Hardwood woody plants 2.

Woodland Wildlife — These species need various combinations of: Grasses and legumes b. Wild herbaceous upland plants c. Hardwood woody plants d. Cone-bearing shrubs such as pines.

Wetland Wildlife — wetland species include birds and mammals needing habitats with: Wetland food plants or wild herbaceous plants of moist to wet sites, excluding submerged or floating aquatic plants; b. Shallow water development with water impoundments not deeper than 5 ft.

Excavated ponds with ample supply of water at least one acre and average 6ft depth. In each, a site should be investigated in terms of: Solar orientation for buildings; b.

The best facing slopes; and c. Wind flows for breezes. Climates can be generally classified into four types: Solar orientation Best facing slopes Temperatures vary with elevation — by about 3 deg for every ft. The more perpendicular a slope is to the rays of the sun, the warmer the surface temperature.

Site Planning Lynch

Wind flows Abrupt forms cause unpleasant air turbulence. Smooth forms induce smooth flow of air. Land Use Plans are available in each city and municipality to determine the areas for commercial, institutional, industrial, residential, and open space uses.

These were planned according to the most rational use of land in relation to the natural and socio-economic factors, and in accordance with compatibility with adjacent land uses. The relationship of traffic pattern to each other and to the site must be studied for adequacy of access and efficiency of circulation within and outside of the site. Direction of dominant traffic flow, both vehicular and pedestrian will also help establish points of highest visual impact for the site.

Access must also consider pedestrian movement. Density refers to the population per unit land area.

Site Planning, Third Edition | The MIT Press

This data will determine whether existing utilities and land areas will be sufficient to sustain additional future development, which will naturally add to the existing population and bear on the capacity of these utilities. Density influences the privacy, social contact among people, and freedom of movement of an individual or a group of people. Zoning regulations, laws and codes are present in every city and municipality to regulate the type of development.

It divides the city or municipality into land use areas that are designated by building height, building coverage, density of population, and open space. The study of the community and its social and economic structures are done to determine whether there is a need, an interest, or any objections on the project. For example, a high-end boutique is hardly suitable in a low- income community. The social structure of the community must be taken into consideration to ensure that a proposed development will not result in any displaced families, and any major disruption in their businesses and other activities.

It is important to determine the existing availability of utilities on site in terms of adequacy and efficiency. This includes: Storm drains collect surface water and conduct it to rivers, creeks, or other bodies of water.

Historic Landmarks 3.


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