Environment Textile Terms And Definitions Pdf


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A Glossary of Selected Fiber and Textile Terms. A. Abrasion Resistance. The ability of a fiber or fabric to withstand surface wear and rubbing. Air Jet Spinning. Although it covers all types of textile terms broadly, its special emphasis is on The fourth edition, known as the Dictionary of Fiber and Textile Technology, was . as a textile dictionary, but rather as a glossary of textile terms for composites engineering. To realize the complexity involved in textile manufacturing, and thus .

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Terms and definitions are issued in two stages (1) Tentative, and (2) realize that none can claim to have complete knowledge of all textile terms. The following. Textile also includes non-woven fabrics produced by me- chanically or chemically a Japanese term describing a: fibres from this defInition. dull crepe fabric. Management - Stephanie Hebert, American Textile Museum. Glossary of Textile Terms In modern usage, the term has a wider application. cittadelmonte.infoy. 1.

A textile [1] is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibers yarn or thread. Yarn is produced by spinning raw fibres of wool , flax , cotton , hemp , or other materials to produce long strands. The related words " fabric " [3] and " cloth " [4] and "material" are often used in textile assembly trades such as tailoring and dressmaking as synonyms for textile. However, there are subtle differences in these terms in specialized usage. A textile is any material made of interlacing fibres, including carpeting and geotextiles.

It is marketed as a biodegradable , renewable synthetic fibre. Carbon fibre is mostly used in composite materials, together with resin, such as carbon fibre reinforced plastic. The fibres are made from polymer fibres through carbonization. Weaving is a textile production method which involves interlacing a set of longer threads called the warp with a set of crossing threads called the weft.

This is done on a frame or machine known as a loom , of which there are a number of types. Some weaving is still done by hand, but the vast majority is mechanized. Knitting , looping , and crocheting involve interlacing loops of yarn, which are formed either on a knitting needle , needle, or on a crochet hook , together in a line. The processes are different in that knitting has several active loops at one time, on the knitting needle waiting to interlock with another loop, while Looping and crocheting never have more than one active loop on the needle.

Knitting can be performed by machine, but crochet can only be performed by hand. Spread Tow is a production method where the yarn are spread into thin tapes, and then the tapes are woven as warp and weft.

This method is mostly used for composite materials; spread tow fabrics can be made in carbon , aramide , etc. Braiding or plaiting involves twisting threads together into cloth. Knotting involves tying threads together and is used in making tatting and macrame. Lace is made by interlocking threads together independently, using a backing and any of the methods described above, to create a fine fabric with open holes in the work.

Lace can be made by either hand or machine. Carpets , rugs, velvet, velour , and velveteen are made by interlacing a secondary yarn through woven cloth, creating a tufted layer known as a nap or pile. Felting involves pressing a mat of fibres together, and working them together until they become tangled.

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A liquid, such as soapy water, is usually added to lubricate the fibres, and to open up the microscopic scales on strands of wool. Nonwoven textiles are manufactured by the bonding of fibres to make fabric.

TEXTILE TERMS AND DEFINITIONS | Aslib Proceedings | Vol 4, No 2

Bonding may be thermal or mechanical, or adhesives can be used. Bark cloth is made by pounding bark until it is soft and flat. Textiles are often dyed , with fabrics available in almost every colour. The dyeing process often requires several dozen gallons of water for each pound of clothing. Woodblock printing , still used in India and elsewhere today, is the oldest of these dating back to at least CE in China.

Textiles are also sometimes bleached , making the textile pale or white.

Textile terms and definitions

Textiles are sometimes finished by chemical processes to change their characteristics. In the 19th century and early 20th century starching was commonly used to make clothing more resistant to stains and wrinkles.

Eisengarn , meaning "iron yarn" in English, is a light-reflecting, strong material invented in Germany in the 19th century. It is made by soaking cotton threads in a starch and paraffin wax solution.

The threads are then stretched and polished by steel rollers and brushes. The end result of the process is a lustrous, tear-resistant yarn which is extremely hardwearing. Since the s, with advances in technologies such as permanent press process, finishing agents have been used to strengthen fabrics and make them wrinkle free. Textiles receive a range of treatments before they reach the end-user. From formaldehyde finishes to improve crease-resistance to biocidic finishes and from flame retardants to dyeing of many types of fabric, the possibilities are almost endless.

However, many of these finishes may also have detrimental effects on the end user. A number of disperse, acid and reactive dyes for example have been shown to be allergenic to sensitive individuals. Although formaldehyde levels in clothing are unlikely to be at levels high enough to cause an allergic reaction, [26] due to the presence of such a chemical, quality control and testing are of utmost importance.

Flame retardants mainly in the brominated form are also of concern where the environment, and their potential toxicity, are concerned. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Material produced by twining, weaving, felting, knotting, or otherwise processing natural or synthetic fibers.

For other uses, see Fabric disambiguation and Textile disambiguation. Main article: History of clothing and textiles. Main articles: Textile manufacturing and Textile industry. Archived from the original on Retrieved Archived from the original PDF on July 23, Retrieved August 6, The Free Dictionary By Farlex. Online Etymology Dictionary. Wired News.

Archived from the original on February 15, Microfibre—nanowire hybrid structure for energy scavenging". Nature Publishing Group. February 14, A Natural Silk Architecture".

Sense of Nature. Swedish Knits: Classic and Modern Designs in the Scandinavian Tradition. Skyhorse Publishing Inc.

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Email or Customer ID. Forgot password? J ; Textile Institute Manchester, England. Textile Terms and Definitions Committee. Publication date Topics Textile industry , Textile fabrics. Publisher Manchester, [Eng. Textile Institute. Collection inlibrary ; printdisabled ; internetarchivebooks ; china. Contributor Internet Archive. Language English. Bookplateleaf Boxid IA City Manchester, [Eng. Donor friendsofthesanfranciscopubliclibrary.

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