Fitness Aeronautical Information Manual Pdf


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Note: Since the TC AIM PDF is a large file, we encourage you to right click on the link and choose "Save link as " or "Save target as ". Saving. In United States and Canadian aviation, the Aeronautical Information Manual ( AIM) is the Print/export. Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. Presents comprehensive information for operating aircraft in Canadian airspace based on the Variant title, Aeronautical information manual T/2E-PDF.

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Federal Aviation. Aeronautical. Information. Manual Official Guide to. Basic Flight Information and ATC Procedures. An electronic version of this. Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) Basic with Changes 1, 2 and 3 Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) Change 3 (PDF). Aeronautical Information Manual International Flight Information Manager Plane Sense – General Aviation Information (PDF),

We separated the AIM pdf into individual pages to make it easier to search. Each page has the original pdf page, an html version of the page [unfortunately hard-coded for large screens], and the txt version, which is what's used to index the information. There are pages. Home SiteMap About Contact. Preflight Preparation Preflight Briefing b.

That version will remain on the site until its expiry. The Next Issue is the next effective publication date and will be posted no later than 10 days prior to the effective date. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Page Image. Aeronautical Publications. Canadian Airport Charts airport diagrams. Designated Airspace Handbook. Purchase Information.

Online Store. Inflight Aviation Weather Advisories. Categorical Outlooks. Inflight Weather Broadcasts. Weather Observing Programs. Weather Radar Services. General a. Various types of air navigation aids are in use b. Pilots should be aware of the possibility of A low or medium frequency radio beacon hertz Hz modulation. All radio beacons b. When a radio beacon is used in conjunction with c. Voice transmissions are made on radio beacons d. Radio beacons are subject to disturbances that VORs operate within the Voice identification has been added to numerous VORs.

The effectiveness of the VOR depends upon 1. The accuracy of course alignment of the VOR is On some VORs, minor course f. Distance to a MON airport. Navigating to an airport.

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VOR Receiver Check a. VOT or a radiated test signal from an 3. If a dual system VOR units independent of 2. Certified airborne check points. Certified check points on the airport surface.

A radiated VOT from an appropriately rated 1. The frequency normally approved by the Repair stations are not permitted to radiate the f. Airborne and ground check points consist of 1.

Canadian Airports Charts

Should an error in excess of plus or minus 4 degrees be indicated through use of a ground check, 2. Locations of airborne check points, ground For reasons peculiar to military or naval b. TACAN ground equipment consists of either a VHF Omni-directional a.

Distance Measuring Equipment a. In the operation of DME, paired pulses at a b. Operating on the line-of-sight principle, DME c. Operating frequency range of a DME according d. Due to the limited number of available f. Aircraft equipment which provides for automatic DME selec Most air navigation radio aids which provide b.

Standard service volumes SSVs are graphically shown in The SSV of a station is 1, ft. FIG NM 60, ft. NDBs are classified according to their Localizer 3. The course line along the extended centerline 4. Identification is in International Morse Code 5. The localizer provides course guidance 8 NM 2. The approach course of the localizer is called 0 NM 1. The localizer transmitter operates on one of 40 ILS channels within the frequency range of Signals provide the pilot with 6.

Unreliable signals may be received outside c. The LDA is of comparable use and accuracy The UHF glide slope transmitter, operating 2.

The glide slope transmitter is located between feet and 1, feet from the approach end of the 3. The glide path projection angle is normally 10 NM. However, at some locations, the glide slope 4. Pilots must be alert when approaching the 5.

Make every effort to remain on the indicated 6. The published glide slope threshold crossing 7. Pilots must be aware of the vertical height e. When installed with the ILS and specified in 2. In some cases, DME from a separate facility f. Marker Beacon 1. Ordinarily, there are two marker beacons 3. A back course marker normally indicates the g. Compass Locator 1. Compass locator transmitters are often 15 miles and operate between and kHz.

At watts, are used as OM compass locators. These 2. Compass locators transmit two letter identification group ILS Minimums 1. Inoperative ILS Components 1. Inoperative localizer. When the localizer 2. Inoperative glide slope. When the glide k. ILS Course Distortion 1. All pilots should be aware that disturbances to 2.

Pilots are cautioned that vehicular traffic not Simplified Directional Facility a. The SDF provides a final approach course b. The SDF transmits signals within the range of The approach techniques and procedures used d.

Usable off-course indications are limited to 35 degrees either side of the course centerline. The SDF antenna may be offset from the runway f.

The SDF signal is fixed at either 6 degrees or 12 degrees as necessary to provide maximum g. Identification consists of a three-letter identifier tran Voice equipped en route radio navigational aids b.

Unless otherwise noted on the chart, all radio User Reports Requested on a. Pilots reporting potential interference should 1. By telephone to the nearest ATC facility 3. Additionally, GNSS problems should be c. In aircraft equipped with more than one avionics LORAN IRUs are self-contained systems comprised of b. AHRSs are electronic devices that provide d.

Aircraft equipped with slaved compass systems Doppler Radar System Overview 1. System Description. System Availability and Reliability. Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring 4. Selective Availability. Selective Availability b. Operational Use of GPS. Terminal and En Route Area Oceanic, Domestic, En Route, and , U. Departures and Instrument Departure 5.

However, any aircr Wide Area Augmentation System a. General 1. Unlike traditional ground-based navigation The FAA has completed installation of 3 6. Instrument Approach Capabilities 1. A class of approach procedures which 2. A different WAAS-based line of minima, 4. WAAS provides a level of service that c. General Requirements 1. WAAS avionics must be certified in 2. Air carrier and commercial operators must 5.

When the approach chart is annotated with 8. Unlike TSO-C avionics, which were d. It also provides vertical integrity " or above, and bounds the vertical error to 35 2. When an approach procedure is selected and 3. Another additional feature of WAAS receivers is the abili Both lateral and vertical scaling for the 0. Ground Based Augmentation a. The GLS provides precision navigation 2. GLS displays three-dimension vertical and 3.

Procedure 1. Pilots will select the five digit GBAS channel 2. Following procedure selection, confirmation 3. Precision Approach Systems other a. General b. Special Instrument Approach Procedure 1. Special instrument approach procedures 2. General aviation operators requesting approval for specia The TLS is designed to provide approach 2.

TLS instrument approach procedures are d. Ground equipment consists of GPS receivers 4. Introduction to PBN. RNAV Operations. Required Navigation Performance a. As a safeguard, the FAA b. PBN Operations. Lateral Accuracy Values. Aircraft and Airborne Equipment Eligibility 0. Use of Suitable Area Navigation a. This paragraph sets forth policy, 1. Use of a suitable RNAV system as a Use of a suitable RNAV system as an 1. Additional information and associated requirements 2. Good planning and knowledge of your RNAV system are 3.

Pilots planning to use their RNAV system as a substitute 4. The navigation database should be current for the b. Subject to 1. Determine aircraft position relative to, or 2. Fly an arc based upon DME. The allowances described in this section apply even 2. These operations do not include lateral navigation on 3. Use of a suitable RNAV system as a means to navigate 2. If the above conditions cannot be met, any 6.

Alternate Airport Considerations. For the 1. For flight planning purposes, TSO-C 3. This restriction does not apply to Pilots and Air Traffic Controllers a. Pilots need to maintain position awareness b. If the pilot experiences interruptions while d. ALS provide the basic means to transition from b. ALS are a configuration of signal lights starting Visual Glideslope Indicators a.

VASI installations may consist of either 2, 4, 6, 12, or 16 light units arranged in bars referred to as 4, or 12 light units. Some VASIs consist of three bars, 16 light units. VASI installations consisting of 2, 4, or 6 light units are located on one side of the runway, 12 or 16 light units, the units are located on both sides 2.

Two-bar VASI installations provide one 3. The basic principle of the VASI is that of color 4. FIG 3,5 Degrees 2. Tri-color Systems. Tri-color visual approach FIG 1. Since the tri-color VASI consists of a single light sourc When the aircraft descends from green to red, the pilot m Pulsating Systems. Pulsating visual approach slope indica FIG Alignment of Elements Systems. Identification of a runway surrounded by a b. Identification of a runway which lacks contrast c.

Identification of a runway during reduced Runway Edge Light Systems a. Runway edge lights are used to outline the b. The runway edge lights are white, except on 2, feet or half the runway length, whichever is c. The lights marking the ends of the runway emit In-runway Lighting a.

Runway Centerline Lighting System foot intervals. When viewed from the landing b. Touchdown zone lights are i Taxiway Centerline Lead-Off Lights.

Taxiway centerline le Taxiway Centerline Lead-On Lights. Taxiway centerline lea Land and Hold Short Lights. When activated, the 1. What a pilot would observe: A pilot at or 4. The THL system 1. A pilot in 3. The RIL 1. Note that there must be an aircraft or 2.

A pilot departing 4. Whenever a pilot observes the red light of the e. When activated, the light fixtures of the PAPI 1. A pilot on 3. When a pilot observes a flashing PAPI at f.

Transport Canada Aeronautical Information Manual (TC AIM) - TP 14371

Pilot Actions: When operating at airports with RWSL, pilots 2. Never cross over illuminated red lights. Do not proceed when lights have extinguished without an A Never land if PAPI continues to flash.

Controllers can set in-pavement lights to one 2. System lights can be disabled should RWSL Stand-Alone Final Approach a. Operating Characteristics: Pilot Observations: Pilot Control of Airport Lighting Control of Lighting Systems a.

Operation of approach light systems and b. Pilots may request that lights be turned on or off. With FAA approved systems, various combinations of medium The control system consists of a 3-step control 3-step control will turn on lighting facilities capable 3-step and 2-step lighting facilities can be altered in c.

Suggested use is to always initially key the mike 7 times; this assures that all controlled lights are 7 times within 5 seconds 5 times within 5 seconds 3 times within 5 seconds d. For all public use airports with FAA standard e. Where the airport is not served by an IAP, it may Airport and heliport beacons have a vertical 1.

The colors and color combinations of beacons 1. White and Green- Lighted land airport. White and Yellow- Lighted water airport.

Green, Yellow, and White- Lighted heliport. Military airport beacons flash alternately white d. Clearance Bar Lights. Clearance bar lights d. Runway Guard Lights. Runway guard lights a. Taxiway Edge Lights. Taxiway edge lights are e. Stop Bar Lights. Stop bar lights, when b. Taxiway Centerline Lights. Taxiway centerline lights are Aeronautical Light Beacons a.

An aeronautical light beacon is a visual b. The color or color combination displayed by a Code Beacons and Course Lights a. Code Beacons. The code beacon, which can be b. Course Lights. The course light, which can be Obstruction Lights a. Aviation Red Obstruction Lights. Flashing aviation red be Medium Intensity Flashing White 3. High Intensity White Obstruction Lights.

Dual Lighting. A combination of flashing 5. Catenary Lighting. Lighted markers are b. Medium intensity omnidirectional flashing c. Airport Pavement Markings a.

Airport pavement markings and signs provide a. For the purpose of this section, the 1.

Uniformity in airport markings and signs from 2. Marking Colors. Markings for runways are c. Pilots who encounter ineffective, incorrect, or Runway Markings d.

The markings and signs described in this a. There are three types of markings for 1 On runways used, or intended to be used, by international Runway Designators. Runway numbers and 1. For two parallel runways "L" "R. For three parallel runways "L" "C" "R. Runway Centerline Marking. The runway d. Runway Aiming Point Marking. The aiming e. Runway Touchdown Zone Markers.

The FIG Runway Side Stripe Marking. Runway side g. Runway Shoulder Markings. Runway shoulder stripes may be Runway Threshold Markings. Relocation of a Threshold. Sometimes 2. Displaced Threshold. A displaced threshold is a threshold Demarcation Bar. A demarcation bar delineates a runway wi These markings are used to show j. Runway Threshold Bar. Enhanced Centerline. At some airports, c. Taxiway Edge Markings. Taxiway edge Taxiway Markings a. All taxiways should have centerline b.

Taxiway Centerline. Normal Centerline. The taxiway centerline 12 inches 30 cm in width. This provides a visual cue 1. Continuous Markings. These consist of a 2. Dashed Markings. These markings are d. Taxi Shoulder Markings. Surface Painted Taxiway Direction f.

Surface Painted Location Signs. Surface g. Geographic Position Markings. These markings are located Holding Position Markings a. Runway Holding Position Markings. For 1. Runway Holding Position Markings on 2. For taxiing 3. Holding Position Markings on Taxiways b. Holding Position Markings for Instrument c. Surface Painted Holding Position Signs. Other Markings a. Vehicle Roadway Markings. The vehicle b. WHITE 2. Nonmovement Area Boundary Markings. Temporarily Closed Runways and Taxiways.

A raised lighted yellow cross may be placed 2. A visual indication may not be present 3. Temporarily closed taxiways are usually f. Helicopter Landing Areas. The markings Mandatory Instruction Signs a.

These signs have a red background with a white 1. An entrance to a runway or critical area; and 2. Areas where an aircraft is prohibited from b. Typical mandatory signs and applications 1. Runway Holding Position Sign. This sign FIG No Entry Sign.

Location Signs a. Location signs are used to identify either a 1. Taxiway Location Sign. Runway Location Sign. This sign has a 3. Runway Boundary Sign. This Direction Signs a. Direction signs have a yellow background with b.

Except as noted in subparagraph e, each FIG Direction signs are normally located on the left d. The taxiway designations and their associated e. If a location sign is located with the direction f. When the intersection is comprised of only one FIG Destination Signs a. Destination signs also have a yellow background with a bl Destinations commonly shown on these types c.

When the inscription for two or more FIG Information Signs Aircraft Arresting Systems a. Certain airports are equipped with a means of b.

Arresting cables which cross over a runway c. Security Identifications Display a. A description and map detailing boundaries 2. Measures used to perform the access control Procedures to control movement within the 4. A description of the notification signs b.

Pilots or passengers without proper identification that a There are two categories of airspace or airspace 1. Nonregulatory military operations areas General Dimensions of Airspace Hierarchy of Overlapping Airspace a. When overlapping airspace designations apply 1. Class A airspace is more restrictive than b. Within these two categories, there are four 2. Class B airspace is more restrictive than b. For the purpose of clarification: Controlled, 3.

Class C airspace is more restrictive than 2. Uncontrolled, 4. Class D airspace is more restrictive than 3. Special use, and 4. Other airspace. The categories and types of airspace are dictated 1. The complexity or density of aircraft 2. The nature of the operations conducted 3. The level of safety required, and Controlled Airspace. A generic term that b. IFR Requirements. IFR operations in any c.

IFR Separation. Standard IFR separation is d. VFR Requirements. It is the responsibility of e. Traffic Advisories. Traffic advisories will be f. Safety Alerts. Safety Alerts are mandatory 1. Ultralight Vehicles. No person may operate an h. Unmanned Free Balloons. Unless otherwise i. Parachute Jumps. No person may make a Class A Airspace a. Generally, that airspace from 18, feet MSL up to and including FL , 12 nautical miles off the coast of the 48 contiguous 48 contiguous States and Alaska within areas of b.

Class A airspace is not specifically Class B Airspace a. Generally, that airspace from the b. Unless otherwise authorized by ATC, aircraft 2. No person may take off or land a civil aircraft 3.

Unless otherwise authorized by ATC, each 5. Unless otherwise authorized by ATC, each 6. Mode C Veil. The airspace within 30 nautical miles of an Unless otherwise authorized by c. Class B airspace is charted on d. Flight Procedures. Aircraft within Class B airspace are 2. VFR Flights.

ATC Clearances and Separation. Separation and sequencing of VFR aircraft will be 2.

Separation of VFR aircraft will be suspended during 1. This program is not to be interpreted as 4. Proximity operations.

VFR aircraft operating Class C Airspace a. Class C airspace is charted on c. Pilot Certification. No specific certification required. Arrival or Through Flight Entry Requirements.

Two-way rad If the controller responds to a radio call with, " aircra If workload or traffic conditions prevent immediate 3. It is important to understand that if the controller 4. Though not requiring regulatory action, Class C 5. Aircraft Speed. Unless otherwise authorized or required b Air Traffic Services.

When two-way radio 1. Sequenced to the primary airport. Provided Class C services within the Class C 3. Provided basic radar services beyond the e. Aircraft Separation. Separation is provided 1. Visual separation. Target resolution.

Wake turbulence separation will be provided 5. Pilots approaching an airport with Class C service 1. Departures from: Separation of VFR aircraft will be suspended during 3. Pilot participation is voluntary within the outer area Some facilities provide Class C services only during f. Secondary Airports 1. In some locations Class C airspace may 2. Aircraft proceeding inbound to a satellite 3. Aircraft departing secondary controlled 4. This program is not to be interpreted as g. Class D Airspace a.

Generally, Class D airspace extends upward fr Class D surface areas may be designated as 2. Where a Class D surface area is part-time, the 1.

The airport listing in the Chart Supplement U. Normally, the overlying controlled airspace is the Class b. Unless otherwise authorized 3. Arrival or Through Flight Entry 1.

If the controller responds to a radio call with, "[aircra If workload or traffic conditions prevent immediate 1. Class D airspace areas are depicted on Sectional d. Surface area arrival extensions: Class D surface area arrival extensions for 2. Surface area arrival extensions are effective e.

Separation for VFR Aircraft. No separation Class E Airspace a. Class E airspace is controlled b. No specific equipment 3. No specific Class E airspace below 14, feet d.

Vertical limits. Except where designated at a 1. The airspace extending upward from 14, 2. The airspace above FL is Class E e.

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Functions of Class E Airspace. Class E 1. Surface area designated for an airport 2. Extension to a surface area. Airspace used for transition. Class E 4.

ARLIE from New Hampshire
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