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Keywords: journalism for children; Recreio magazine; scientific-didactic discourse; interdiscourse. · abstract in Portuguese · text in Portuguese · Portuguese (pdf). O ESPAÇO RECREIO: UM MOMENTO DE ATIVIDADE FÍSICA PARA CRIANÇAS NO PRÉ-ESCOLAR E 1. The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF Revista de Ciencias del Deporte. Publicidade infantil: análise de peças publicitárias veiculadas na revista recreio semiotics and it´s importance was exposed to occur better compreension of the semiotics analizes of the advertising in the Recreio magazine. Formato: PDF.

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SuperInteressante - Edição - (Agosto ).pdf. Uploaded by. Thaís Eustáquio. Revista Playstation Uploaded by. Thaís Eustáquio. Historia da Cidade. Revista Recreio - Ed - 07 de Maio link direto: files//Recreio__pdf. PDF | This work is the result of a research carried out with 9 elderly teachers (8 women and 1 man) on the A memória dos jogos de recreio: da musealização dos objectos aos gestos . December · Revista Brasileira de Educação.

Mostrar registro completo. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Publicidade infantil: In now days the child have more voice the it used to be.

Observations of the school context, informal conversations with management staff, teachers and students, and the results obtained from the questionnaire allowed us to triangulate research sources, providing a broad view of the complexity of the study. Stake , p. Thus, results and discussion will be presented through a percentage-based record of the data collected in the questionnaire, accompanied by fragments taken from the inventory of observations and informal talks held in the school.

Triangulation of that empirical material and dialogue with the theoretical framework resulted in the analyses produced in order to meet the objectives of this investigation. Analyzing these figures, we stress that violence is accepted as something natural by boys and often ceases to be perceived as such. These different perspectives come from the naturalization of violent demonstrations in the construction of standard masculinity, while it is rejected in the construction of referent femininity.

Abramovay mentions that, according to the dominant paradigms of masculinity, proving that one is strong and powerful is still a striking and valued feature for the normalized representation of masculinity. Furthermore, the author looks at violence in schools: Violence is not experienced only as acts of aggression, but also as the usual and routine mode of relating with and treating the other.

Publicidade infantil: análise de peças publicitárias veiculadas na revista recreio

Thus, the phenomenon becomes institutionalized, common, banalized, characterizing forms of aggression that are often invisible to the school community, but which can still deeply hurt victims, thus contributing to the emergence of a feeling of insecurity and helplessness in the school environment ABRAMOVAY, , p. Bullying and gender relations at school Invisibility of and silence around violence in everyday school life emerged in an informal conversation with the principal and the educational coordinator, where they showed contradictory views of bullying in school spaces.

While the coordinator said she saw the need to confront the issue in classes, since she was aware of some cases confirmed by the institution, the principal tried to omit them, saying that so far they knew of only one case and that she considered it an isolated situation.

Based on those speeches, we understand that school is also the institution in which different discourses emerge, cut through by different social, cultural and historical markers. However, such stance suggests what Abramovay calls banalization of violence. Andrade shows that dialogue, pacts, support, and establishing confidence and information links are effective tools to reduce the incidence of bullying in schools. Silva explains that three characters stand out: When asked about the types of violence suffered, we identified, in each group, the results presented in Figure 1.

We also note that only bystanders claimed to have seen physical aggression and shoving. That is because they watch the aggressions and are more like observers while victims do not report in order not to suffer aggression again. Figure 1 — Comparison of aggressions in the last two weeks Source: Prepared by authors 4 The school is located in the outskirts of the city and students come from an area squatted by families for over a decade.

The levels of violence and drug use are very high in the neighborhood. Students walk to school and some live in substandard housing without basic sanitation. Michele Ziegler De Mattos, Angelita Alice Jaeger The representation Figure 1 shows that, for aggressors it is still very difficult to recognize themselves as such in an act of violence or admit they have done that to anyone, since only This is because some aggressors do not consider the act as aggression, but as a joke.

In addition, aggressors are mostly colleagues in the same class of the victim. Braga and Lisboa stress that when there is suffering, it is no longer a joke between friends. By analyzing the graph, we see that bystanders observed more situations than victims and aggressors reported.

As we can see, the main form of bullying was verbal aggression, in which Indeed, that can be understood with the help of Santos , when he says that the students most commonly targeted as victims are those with some difference regarding the group, such as obesity, physical disability, above-average intelligence or learning disabilities. Thus, the characteristic of victims is sufficient to cause insult, and name-calling is the easiest way to humiliate, belittle and diminish them.

Through a study aimed at investigating the occurrence of bullying among adolescents in three public and private schools in Porto Alegre, Bandeira found that the type of bullying that prevails against the victims was verbal, with Andrade states that bullying summarizes situations where the student is often threatened, blackmailed, insulted or simply called by some prejudiced or undesired nickname. In informal conversations, we observed that the most common nicknames to offend girls were related to appearance, whereas recurrent offenses for boys were related to alleged homosexuality.

In contrast, boys assert their masculinity by reasserting their heterosexuality, so that offenses converge on the suspicion about a possible deviant sexuality.

Kimmel , p. Thus, even in school, referent constructions of masculinity are used among boys to question and test their virility through physical and moral violence JUNQUEIRA, Thus, there is no surprise when research sources show that boys are, for the most part, the aggressors. Mazzon underscores the fact that boys have more prejudiced attitudes to gender identity than girls, which allows us to understand the higher number of male aggressors, since this issue is recurrent in bullying practices.

For Lopes Neto , there is also a predominance of male aggressors while there is no difference between sexes in the role of victim. Menegotto, Pasini and Levandowski analyzed articles on school bullying published in national journals between and , and found that the vast majority of Movimento, Porto Alegre, v. Bullying and gender relations at school aggressors are male and practice violence through physical aggression and intimidation.

Girls usually practice violence through vicious rumors, group exclusion, among others. Our study pointed to the predominance of males both in the role of aggressors and in that of victims, that is, according to the victims, Aggressors, in turn, indicated that The same thing did not happen with the girls who engaged in bullying practices, since more of them suffered family reprisals due to their violent behavior, also receiving support from parents, friends and school to change their actions.

It is understood that they broke the rules by attacking someone and that boys were not punished because their aggressive behavior was considered natural, which does not happen with girls.

Vianna and Finco add that what is valued for girls is not often appreciated for boys, and vice versa. The authors also point out that while control of aggressiveness is seen on girls, boys suffer a similar process, blocking expressions of feelings such as tenderness, sensitivity and affection.

Therefore, the school is being increasingly required to work with diversity, promoting the education of different masculinities and femininities, showing that they can be experienced in plural.

A relação entre o discurso didático científico e o discurso jornalístico na revista Recreio

Stramann says that school spaces should be interpreted as places to move around, where movement is seen as a general principle in school organization and configuration. Indeed, not all children are free to use any space at school. The sports court is an example of a space predominantly occupied by boys. On the other hand, few boys participate in the conversation groups we observed in school corners. Such a statement was confirmed when we noticed that boys and girls can even play in the same space but in different ways, i.

Likewise, boys showed no interest in volleyball, since that sport is culturally suggested for girls. In an interview with students, they said that if a boy played volleyball with the girls he could be mocked by his colleagues and they might question his sexuality.

Therefore, girls enjoyed school recess seeking minimal interaction with boys. Younger girls usually jumped rope and older ones gathered in conversation circles, while boys occupied sports courts. The way boys and girls move is also reflected in bullying practices. Thus, by mapping places where the phenomenon happens inside the school, we found that for victims and bystanders school recess is the most likely place.

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As for students who suffered aggression, someone pointed to the classroom as the easiest place for bullying, as can be seen in Figure 2: Prepared by authors According to Wenetz and Stigger , p.

What is observed is that these actions are guided by a [ They also claim that there is no explicit rule saying that girls cannot use the spaces of the courts, but boys somehow take over and legitimize the court as their own space for a male game. This is another example of conflict that, when it becomes routine at school, it tends to turn into bullying, for some repeatedly have fun at the expense of others who suffer, resulting in the emergence of victims, aggressors, and indirect participants, that is, bystanders.

We therefore emphasize that recess was the place for most victimization practices, with aggression both to girls and boys. According to the victims, we identified that the classroom We also point out that Although no bystander or aggressor has witnessed or admitted to practice it in class, 7.

According to our research sources, and specifically the bystanders, the highest incidence was found during recess Bullying and gender relations at school On the other hand, student aggressors pointed out that In this regard, Grossi and Santos underscore that aggression in the classroom makes sense, since it is the space of greatest intimacy for the group, and therefore, it favors recognition of differences between people.

On aggressive behavior both in recess and in the classroom, Braga and Lisboa state that for a long time parents and teachers admitted aggressive behavior as natural and normative in schools, because they mistook it by playing. Considering these aspects about schoolyards, Fernandes and Elali say that an excessively large number of students can produce aggressiveness and irritability and, on the other hand, a low number can generate isolation and low socialization.

In short, we call on teachers to observe school recess carefully, since that is when negotiations take place between students, organizing the uneven occupation of school spaces, and generating exclusion, prejudice and discontent. That means that the boys stand out as perpetrators and victims, and also use more physical force to intimidate their victims, while girls would rather use verbal aggression.

These differences in ways of acting are produced in the gendering process of the body that takes place in different social instances, including school. It was also revealed that bullying practices happen in almost all school spaces, but the time for highest incidence is the school recess period.

Revista Recreio - 930 - Agosto 2018

Therefore, all those involved need to discuss the subject at school, in order to prevent aggressive behavior in any space: Besides, school tends to reinforce norms and standards to be followed by girls and boys according to standard roles ascribed to each sex, and they often tend to encourage prejudice at school. Teachers have to work with the management staff coordinators and principal so they can act together effectively in situations involving gender relations. Therefore, we may think about education for diversity.

Finally, we seek a less unequal society in which biological differences, for example, are not used to justify differences between men and women and perpetuate violence between them. Revelando tramas, descobrindo segredos: Corpo e sexualidade na escola: Porto Alegre: Revista Interamericana de Psicologia, Porto Alegre, v.

Pearson Prentice Hall, Campinas, SP: Verus, Entre batons, esmaltes e fantasias.

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