PRINCIPLES OF MARKETING SOLUTION MANUAL PDF
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Principles of Marketing Solutions Manual. Get access Why is Chegg Study better than downloaded Principles of Marketing PDF solution manuals? It's easier . transition from the marketing management model provided in Chapter 2 to the Instant download and all chapters Solutions Manual Principles of Marketing. instant download and all chapters solutions manual principles of marketing 15th edition philip kotler, gary armstrong.
Its purpose is to ensure that the company achieves the sales, profits, and goals set out in its annual plan. Marketing strategies and programs can quickly become outdated, and each company should periodically reassess its overall approach to the marketplace. Marketing control In the past, many marketers spent freely on expensive programs, often without considering financial return on spending.
In response, marketers are using marketing performance measures such as marketing return on investment marketing ROI —the net return from a marketing investment divided by the costs of the marketing investment. A company can assess return on marketing in terms of standard marketing performance measures, such as brand awareness, sales, or market share.
Some companies are combining such measures into marketing dashboards—useful sets of marketing performance measures in a single display. Increasingly marketers are using customer-centered measures of marketing impact, such as customer acquisition, customer retention, customer lifetime value, and customer equity.
Review Learning Objective 5: Marketing return on investment marketing ROI p. Discuss the role marketing places in this process. This mission then is turned into detailed supporting objectives that guide the whole company. Marketing planning occurs at the business-unit, product, and market levels. Marketing supports company strategic planning with more detailed plans for specific marketing opportunities.
Provide an example of a company implementing each strategy. Communication; Reflective Thinking Answer: Student answers will vary based on their personal response. Refer to the MyLab for an opportunity to assign this question, and all starred MyLab questions, to a student discussion board.
More companies today are partnering with other members of the supply chain— suppliers, distributors, and, ultimately, customers—to improve the performance of the customer value delivery network. Competition no longer takes place only between individual competitors. Rather, it takes place between Explain how marketers use these tools to position products and services.
Refer to the MyLab or an opportunity to assign this question, and all starred MyLab questions, to a student discussion board. Communication Answer: Because many surprises occur during the implementation of marketing strategies and plans, marketers must practice constant marketing control—evaluating results and taking corrective action to ensure that the objectives are attained.
Marketing control involves four steps. Management first sets specific marketing goals. It then measures its performance in the marketplace and evaluates the causes of any differences between expected and actual performance. Finally, management takes corrective action to close the gaps between goals and performance. This may require changing the action programs or even changing the goals. Critical Thinking Exercises As a student you have individual experiences with your college or university.
These may include managing the application process, enrolling, orientation, choosing a major, setting schedules, and many more.
Principles of Marketing Solutions Manual
Conduct a SWOT analysis for your school from your perspective. Discuss how your SWOT analysis would provide strategic insight for future decisions at your college or university. Strengths include internal capabilities, resources, and positive situational factors that may help the college or university to serve its customers and achieve its objectives.
Opportunities are favorable factors or trends in the external environment that the organization may be able to exploit to its advantage. Threats are unfavorable external factors or trends that may present challenges to performance.
Students may examine program and course offerings, scheduling options, campus Colleges and universities benefit from understanding how their student populations value what they offer. Objectives should logically follow conclusions from the SWOT analysis, and the strategy recommended should support the objectives.
The marketing strategy should identify the target market s , positioning, and the marketing mix product, price, place, and promotion. How has Starbucks used differentiation to create customer value? Some organizations define their missions myopically in product or technology terms, but mission statements should be market oriented and defined in terms of satisfying basic customer needs—even for non-profit organizations.
For example, a nonprofit organization might be a house that offers emergency shelter for people in need, but defining its mission as a house could be too narrow. Perhaps the organization can also provide funds to pay for a hotel room for someone in need, thus defining its mission as providing shelter is broader than providing a house for people to stay in emergencies.
Mission statements should be meaningful and specific yet motivating. Too often, mission statements are written for public relations purposes and lack specific, workable guidelines. In fact, Google has innovated into so many diverse new ventures that it recently created a broader organization—a parent holding company called Alphabet—to contain them all.
Experts predict there will be 25 million connected devices in our homes and workplaces by Google recently announced its new IoT operating system, dubbed Brillo after the Brillo scrubbing pad because it is a scrubbed-down version of its Android operating system , targeted to developers of smart products connected to the Internet, such as ovens, thermostats, and even toothbrushes.
Some say the time has come for Google to create a new mission statement. Do you agree?
For more on Alphabet, see https: For example, self- driving cars rely on organizing information from the Internet such as Google Maps and sensors around the car to make it accessible and usable to perform its function.
Therefore, Google is still organizing information and making it useful. However, in setting up Alphabet, the company seems to realize that many of its major projects no longer fit under the old Google umbrella. Communication; Reflective Thinking Student answers will vary. A new mission statement will need to account for the current structure of the company and its products, as well as be appropriate as the company moves forward with new products.
Or, perhaps students will create an entirely new mission statement for Alphabet. Marketing Ethics: Creating Value or Distracting Consumers? In early , Chipotle Mexican Grill announced that it would stop using genetically modified ingredients GMOs in its restaurants. Many observers applauded this move. However, critics of the fast-food chain cited a lack of evidence to support its anti-GMO stance.
The chain discovered GMOs in basic ingredients such as baking powder, cornstarch, canola and soy oils, cornmeal, and sugar. And many non-GMO ingredients were in short supply. For example, at one point, Chipotle found that it could not supply all its locations with enough non-GMO pork to make carnitas.
Given the supply chain challenges, Chipotle decided to use non-GMO products in its food preparation but to continue to serve some soft drinks with sweeteners derived from genetically engineered corn. Defend this market strategy. Communication; Ethical Reasoning Answer: Chipotle is trying to deliver the healthiest product to health-conscious consumers.
Avoiding GMOs is one strategy to meet the customer needs and wants, thus creating value. Under a company-wide strategic plan, marketing must work closely with other departments to form an effective internal company value chain and with other companies Students may access the New York Times article for additional information www.
Discuss the challenges Chipotle faces in overcoming the negative image that resulted. Although this is a valid target for the company, the good of the masses must never be ignored.
In the food service industry, it is critically important to monitor and train employees in all safe-handling practices. Its stock price dropped more than 22 percent as a result. Some analysts even speculated that the company would not be able to recover from this crisis.
Marketers are challenged with creating and communicating a message to rebuild the trust of customers, investors, and suppliers. This may need to be done at a slow, steady pace to win back stakeholders. Marketing by the Numbers: Apple vs. So Apple is a better marketer, right? Sales and profits provide information to compare the profitability of these two competitors, but between these numbers is information regarding the efficiency of marketing efforts in creating those sales and profits.
Appendix 2, Marketing by the Numbers, discusses other marketing profitability measures beyond the return on marketing investment marketing ROI measure described in this chapter. Which company is performing better? However, Apple is performing significantly better on marketing ROI, which means Microsoft is not getting as great of a marketing return, although it is still very good, for the investment it has made in marketing compared to Apple.
Finance http: Perform the same analysis for these companies that you performed in the previous question. Which company is doing better overall and with respect to marketing?
The information used in the previous question can be found at: Apple - http: Company Case Notes Facebook: In little more than a decade, it has accumulated more than 1. More than one billion Facebook members log on daily and five new Facebook profiles are created every second. In the United States, more collective time is spent on Facebook than on any other website.
Introduce students to the concepts of business and marketing strategy. Highlight the difference between a mission statement and a market-oriented mission statement. Establish the role of goals and objectives in marketing strategy.
Help students understand the importance of the business portfolio in growing a business.
Introduce the marketing mix as a core concept of marketing. A market-oriented mission statement is defined in terms of satisfying customer needs. Basically, everything that Facebook has done adheres to the mission of giving people the power to share and making the world more open and connected. Facebook, Facebook Mobile, Instagram, and WhatsApp even though Facebook already had Messenger are all fulfillments of its strategy to reach everyone, even if it means doubling up on competing products.
Apple is notorious for guarding its technologies and making them proprietary. In its early years, this hindered its growth. But looking at where Apple is today, that approach has clearly served it well. Facebook has taken a different approach. From its beginning, Facebook wanted its platform s to be adopted and used by as many people as possible as quickly as possible. The only way to achieve that is to Now, it has taken the same approach to releasing core technologies such as all that it has developed for drones, lasers, data analytics, virtual reality, and 3D.
Facebook recognizes that its best chance at success is to focus on making its portfolio of products as usable and attractive and available to as many people as possible. When it does that, its primary revenue generator advertising generates more and more revenue. If Facebook is giving things away, it makes it very difficult for other companies to make money on those same types of things. Facebook has had more failures of products and features than it has had successes. While product failure is a challenge, Facebook sees such failures as just another part of building the greatest social network on the planet.
That is, the nature of a social network product is such that users can abandon it as quickly as they adopt it. Everyone was on MySpace.
But almost overnight, nobody was on MySpace. Facebook has been careful to prevent this thus far. But as Facebook has made it easier and easier for customers to use its products, they become deeply engrained in them. For many, Facebook is where they store and share their lives. Teaching Suggestions The only way to really demonstrate the power of Facebook is to take students right inside that social network that they are all too familiar with. The goal here is to guide them in a way that will give them a different perspective.
To do this, take them inside your own Facebook page. If this is not possible, prepare ahead of time by asking for a student volunteer to serve as the tour guide of their own Facebook page. Then ask the following questions to guide the discussion: How many of you are on Facebook? How many of you check in to it at least a few times a week? How is Facebook valuable to marketers? This case was developed for use with Chapter 2.
This case also works well with the new products chapter Chapter 9 , the advertising chapter Chapter 15 , and the digital marketing chapter Chapter Go to mymktlab.
Which organization is best? Pick a company or brand from which you buy frequently. Pretend you are the company CEO. Categorize the products into logical groupings that will become your strategic business units SBUs. Using your best judgment, allocate resources, using percentages, not dollar amounts, to each SBU make sure the total comes to percent.
Objective 2 2. Consider the market for television cooking programs. Who do you believe Rachel Ray is targeting? Objective 4 3. Get the current issue of Fortune magazine; most college libraries carry it. Then define the four Cs of the same product.
Are there differences? Objective 4 Small Group Assignments 1. Form students into groups of three to five. Each group should read the opening vignette to the chapter on Starbucks.
Principles of marketing 17th edition kotler solutions manual
Each group should answer the following questions and then share their findings with the class. Objective 1 a. If you were the CEO at the time, how would you have reversed this trend? Each group should read Real Marketing 2. Each group should then answer the following questions and share their findings with the class. Objective 2 a. How has DuckDuckGo been able to compete in an industry that is dominated by behemoths such as Google and Bing?
Individual Assignments 1. Read the opening chapter vignette on Starbucks. Think about the answers to the following questions and share your answers with the class. Objectives 1 and 4 a. How does it reflect the elements of a customer-driven marketing strategy? Who is the typical customer today? Why do you believe this to be true? Objective 2 Think-Pair-Share Consider the following questions, formulate an answer, pair with the student on your right, share your thoughts with one another, and respond to questions from the instructor.
Which method would you rather use in your own business? Why would a focus on the four Cs be more important than the four Ps? What is a value-delivery network? How does this concept differ from that of the value chain? Explain the concept of return on marketing. Why is this important? Objective 5 Outside Examples 1. The marketing mix is the set of controllable, tactical marketing tools the firm blends to produce the responses it wants from the target market. Objective 4 Possible Solution: The product being offered, in the case of Southwest Airlines, is transportation.
Just because it is not a physical entity does not mean it is not a product. Price is the amount of money customers pay in order to receive the product.
In the case of airlines, this price is very volatile and changes frequently based on availability, time from departure, and a myriad of other variables. Place involves everything that Southwest does to make its product available to the consumer. Not only the airports, but also the ticket counters and self-service kiosks. Finally, promotion is everything involved in communicating about Southwest to the customer. This includes This also includes their easy to navigate Web site and their enthusiastic employees.
Over a two-week period, track the fares charged for a round-trip ticket between two of your favorite locations such as Las Vegas and Chicago.
Be certain to keep your departure and return dates constant so that you can observe how fares change over time. How can you explain the constant variation in fares?
Students will observe that there are wildly varying and constantly changing fares over time. Students may come up with a variety of reasons for fare differences: Chegg Solution Manuals are written by vetted Chegg Business experts, and rated by students - so you know you're getting high quality answers. Solutions Manuals are available for thousands of the most popular college and high school textbooks in subjects such as Math, Science Physics , Chemistry , Biology , Engineering Mechanical , Electrical , Civil , Business and more.
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