RABBIT FARMING PDF
of information found in that handbook was an adaptation and revision of Commercial Rabbit. Raising Agriculture Handbook No. , by the U.S. Department of. This publication provides an introduction to small-scale rabbit production, focusing on meat rabbits .. health/emergingissues/downloads/RabbitReport1. pdf. Rabbit farming training manual (1).pdf - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File . txt) or view presentation slides online.
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PDF | Backyard rabbit farming can be a great idea for having healthy meat and an additional source of income for the family without much involvement. 𝗣𝗗𝗙 | Rabbits are members of the Leporidae family, indigenous throughout most parts of the world, and raised in small-holder and large-scale, commercial. meet these objectives, but rabbit husbandry is far more prevalent, particularly in the Mediterranean area. Certain traditional rabbit production systems particularly .
Posted by admin Agriculture , Business Plans 6. Rabbit farming business is a very profitable business, and many people are making money all over the world by raising rabbits for meat. However, to build a successful, sustainable commercial rabbit farming business, you require sufficient knowledge of how to efficiently raise the rabbits, good management skills, and a good rabbit farming business plan. This article will outline how to start a commercial rabbit farming business, and the rabbit farming business plan — PDF, Word and Excel. Raising rabbits for meat is a lucrative business, providing income for millions of people, but there are some essential things you need to do before you venture into the rabbit farming business. You have to decide on the size of your rabbit farming business project i. If you do not have a lot of capital, you can always start small and grow your rabbit farming business overtime, remember, Rome was not built in a day.
You have to decide on the size of your rabbit farming business project i. If you do not have a lot of capital, you can always start small and grow your rabbit farming business overtime, remember, Rome was not built in a day. You also need to carry out market research Who are you going to sell the rabbits to?
At what price? Before you start raising rabbits for meat, you need to have a large enough area to erect the rabbit hutches. If possible locate your rabbit farm nearer to good roads. This will give you easy access to and from your rabbit farming business. There should be a reliable source of clean water that can be used for both human and animal consumption, such as boreholes and rivers. Your rabbit farming business plan should take into account the cost of the land required to start raising rabbits for meat.
You need good housing for your commercial rabbit farming business. Rabbits are very flexible when it comes to housing, as compared to other livestock. Thus for your rabbit farming project, you do not need to have elaborate and expensive housing.
You can house your rabbits in outside hutches, wire cages, or rabbit buildings. Your rabbit housing should provide enough space for the rabbits, as the rabbits need sufficient space to be able to eat, play, jump etc. You should ensure that your housing has adequate ventilation, is easy to maintain and clean, and is safe for the rabbits to live, breed and raise their kits.
The rabbit farming business plan should take into account the costs of housing required for raising rabbits for meat. There are various equipment needed when raising rabbits for meat. The equipment which you need will depend on the rabbit housing system which you choose. The rabbit housing systems which are commonly used in commercial rabbit farming are the cage system and the deep litter system.
For the cage system, you will be keeping the rabbits in cages. You can either keep the cages indoors or outdoors. On the other hand, the deep litter system is whereby you keep the rabbits on floors e. Equipment needed for commercial rabbit farming business includes drinkers, nest boxes and feeders.
When using the cages rabbit housing system, you may not these equipment as some type of cages have inbuilt drinking system, feeding system and nest boxes. Nest boxes will be used by the female rabbits when they give birth to the kits. To start raising rabbits for meat, you require breeding stock. The breeding stock consists of male rabbits which are known as bucks, and female rabbits which are known as does.
When choosing breeding stock for the rabbit farming business, you should be very careful of the health history of the rabbits. The rabbits which you select should be strong with an overall appearance of good health. Request to see the records of the breeding stock which you want to purchase.
The growth potential of your kits will depend on the nature and quality of the parent stock. Bucks pass on good meat qualities to their offspring. The rabbit farming business proposal should take into consideration the cost of buying the breeding stock. There are various breeds of rabbits which are used for commercial rabbit farming in different parts of the world.. The breed you choose will depend on availability, cost and your target market. To be profitable in the rabbit farming business, you have to minimize the costs and the mortality rate, as well as optimize the target weight of the rabbits.
You can give your rabbits commercial rabbit pellets feed and supplement with other food. Rabbits stock feeds are formulated to provide the protein, energy, vitamins and other nutrients essential for health and efficient growth of the rabbits. Giving the rabbits enough feed ensures that the rabbits get all the essential nutrients needed for growth carbohydrates, proteins,vitamins, minerals, fibre and fat.
Rabbits also need plenty of water.
The water also makes it easier for rabbits to digest their food. All the feed costs should be included in your rabbit farming business plan.
The amount of capital required when raising rabbits for meat depends on the scale of the project. You will need money for constructing the rabbit hutches, buying the breeding stock, buying the feeds e. You can get a loan from the bank, or funding from investors, to use as capital to start your rabbit farming business. If you plan to raise capital from investors and a loan from the bank, you need a good rabbit farming business plan.
Raising rabbits for meat is very profitable, so if you reinvest the profits you get, you can quickly grow. Even if you are not planning to get a loan, you should still have a rabbit farming business plan to guide you in starting and operating the business.
Your rabbit farming business plan should clearly outline all the costs required to start and operate the commercial rabbit farming business. When raising rabbits for meat, you will usually sell or slaughter the rabbits at about weeks of age.
The demand for rabbit meat is huge. Various Breeds There is a wide variety of rabbit breeds available in the local market apart from the Canadian Dorwan Giant rabbit which is comparably superior to them.
Feeder and Drinker Feeder is used to feed the rabbits and drinker for give water. Poor rabbitry management and disposal will lower the production of your rabbits: A room should be built and door tightly fitted to keep vermin out and shelves should be included so as to store hay.
At the same time. Look for the following from the records: Clearly understand your drive to keep rabbits and select a good starting stock of rabbits according to the one or more of the following: For income generating by selling them to other people. Farmers are advised to insist on the records from the breeder to see the quality of the stock. Any mistake in selecting a good breeding to start with may result in poor offspring and propagation of stock.
Strive to perfect the standard for the breed the farmer is mating Naturally. Follow a strict breeding schedules since outward signs of heat are not always evident. Never breed the same unless the farmer is trying to get meat rabbits with certain characteristics. Avoid breeding rabbits that have genetic defects like malocclusion wolf tooth.
Do not breed brothers to sisters. One buck should serve not more than 5 Does for good results 4.
Determine whether the sire or dam is responsible for passing the genetic defect and eliminate it for breeding purposes 9. Since Does are calmer and weight less than bucks.
Pregnant rabbits can be handled until she starts pulling out her belly fur to prepare the nest. At this point she should not be handled as the stress of the forthcoming litter and being handled may cause her to abort the litter.
Females will come to heat when male is around. They can mate any time and produce a litter as they do not through cycles like most other creatures. After separating the Doe from the Buck after mating. If a Doe consistently gives a mating problem. Smaller litters result from too frequent use of a buck so ensure the buck is used intersperse.
Starting Rabbit Farming Business Plan (PDF): Raising Rabbits For Meat
Mating should occur immediately and Doe returned to its cage. When breeding. The farmer should use the buck once a day or two to three times for short periods of time for some producers. The mating should be supervised hence the animals should be visible and the cage accessible for the Doe to be introduced and removed.
It takes 20 to seconds for the Doe to get impregnated and the act itself takes less than second. They can mate any time and produce a litter as they do not go through cycles like most other creatures. Females will come to heat when the male is around. During gestation. This method is not only risky but also inaccurate. Place your other hand under the body between the hind legs and just in front of the pelvis. The two horns hold the embryos so they feel like chains of marbles on each side of the middle of the abdomen.
Note that non-pregnant Does are re-bred immediately and only mate rabbits of the same breed except breeding for meat. Place your thumb on one side and forefinger on the other side of the uterine horns. Do not attempt palpation unless the Doe is calm or you may damage the embryos.
Since the Doe has two uterine horns. The task is more difficult if you wait for more than 14 days and almost impossible Grasp the ears and a fold of skin from the shoulders with one hand.
Mate the Doe with the buck once again. This will create a hormonal imbalance and cause the babies in both uterine to not form right. With a little practice. If saw dust becomes stuck in the eye or the eyes have not opened after 10 days. Their eyes will open after 10 days approximately. Always separate Does at least days prior to kindling after mating. Kindling Put a lot of hay. About after stimulation. False pregnancy This happens when the Does is expected to kindle after the gestation period fails to do so.
It happens a with Does expected to kindle for the first time. Handling the Babbies can lead to death unless when necessary having petting the mother first and get her scent on your hand before touching the babies. They are born hairless and with closed eyes. The average commercial litter consist of 5 to 10 kits with litter size of 3 inches to 8 inches. This is a sign of false pregnancy. Too much activity can lead to cannibalism the mother antagonizes the litter before eating the babbies.
Privacy is necessary at this stage at Kindling and slightly afterwards. Make sure there is no direct sunlight to the babies as it is highly sensitive at this stage. The Doe raises her babies through instincts. Extreme nervousness of the first litter Does. When the litter finally arrives.
Strange dogs. Rub your hand over the mother before touching the babies. Due to this. Poor feeding method on unbalanced diet or lack of food altogether III. Some rabbits will become slightly more aggressive while other will not mind being peeped at.
It is normal if the mother spends most of the time outside the nest. Do not be upset or worry if the Doe kills or abandons her first litter. Moving nest box makes the Does feel insecure and she is easily disturbed. The litter should be kept warm and do not frequently hold them. Cannibalism These are common problems in rabbit farming caused by the following: After birth.
As such. Baby rabbits will nurse only once or twice a day. They should be given more chances and then culled if cannibalism recurs. Female rabbits can produce up to 50 live rabbits annually. The pH of the intestine is changing and the babies are ingesting many potentially harmful bacteria. At this time. They should be weaned early even with this observation unless it is between four or five weeks after birth.
If this is possible.
Rabbit farming training manual (1).pdf
Now the kits can be separated with the mother. A buck and doe remain profitable for two years if fed and managed properly. Their usefulness must be based on results rather age. This also allows faster maturity when alone. They produce an average of 5 to 10 babies in a litter.
The mother can easily handle the environment of another cage more than the kits. It is recommended to change the mother to another cage and leave the kits where they are used to reduce stress on them which can lead to diseases or even death. A slow breeding schedule makes the Doe hard to breed. Some males should be castrated at this point to be kept together since they cannot fight hence minimize cost of building more cages. Female rabbits can also be spayed to prevent further reproduction hence gain weight for sale.
Following an accelerated breeding should eliminate problems. Determining Sex of a rabbit Knowing the sex of a Rabbit can be a difficult task but having an experienced personnel may help See the diagram below of how to determine sex of a rabbit: While applying pressure to the vent area.
Restrain the head with one hand gentle pressure with the other and apply the 3. To determine sex of a rabbit the farmer needs to: Hold the rabbit with hind legs and the back facing you 2. The opening farthest from the tail is the genitals.
Does have nipples. Bucks have blockier heads and are smaller than Does of the same breed. Bucks can sometimes withdraw the testicles into their abdomen FEMALES You will see a pink slanted oval protrusion with a slit versus a small round opening when the pressure is applied.
Other Sexual differences in older rabbits: Most adult Does of medium or large breeds will have a dewlap. In most bucks you will notice the testicles on each side to the penis. They are like small mounds under the skin and in older males are not covered with fur. Handling rabbits Handle your rabbit as much as possible to gain its confidence. Rabbits should be handled only when necessary since they are very delicate animals. Never handle them in the following ways: Never pick up the rabbit by the ears or ears especially when you want to palpate the Doe when you are taking Doe to the buck and when you check the Does litter after kiddling.
Removing the rabbit from the cage Put left arm in the cage and place your left hand palm over the rabbits shoulder with your thumb in front of the ears Gently cup your hand around the shoulders and squeeze your thumb against your index finger. They do not like their nose and chin touched. See the illustration below: Finish the examination Reverse the turn and set your rabbit down again.
Rabbit farming training manual (1).pdf | Rabbit | Hay
You may use the other hand if it easier for you. Nutrition B. Health E. Feeding rabbits through their stages of development D. Aeration F. Record Keeping. Diet Essentials C. Care should be taken on the amount of food being fed to the breeding animals. Do not change food too quickly as this is not good for your rabbit.
Feed Doe with pellets unlimitedly. Avoid over feeding the rabbits since a fat Doe does not reproduce efficiently. A rabbit develops gastritis it stops eating or does not have access to some type of feed. The first two days feed your rabbit the old pellet and then each day add more of the new brand. Make sure you monitor closely the rabbits during these change over time.
It is advisable to divide their daily food ration into multiple feedings and provide high quality hay for them to graze on. Pellets are the most important in the younger stages of rabbit development at bunny stage because they are highly concentrated in nutrients.
Baby rabbits. Rabbits have a unique digestive system and must be able to move at all times to remain healthy. As rabbit grows. Rabbits eat hay to help their digestion as well as fruits and vegetables. It becomes increasingly difficult to restart the digestive system. Nutrition Rabbits have to have real food. Pellets have everything a rabbit needs. Changing or introduction of new foods This should be done gradually over a period of 5 to 6 days.
This is inadequate for dwarfs who are minority at our farm and we are not ready to have different feeds for different breeds.. Rabbits have fresh hay available 24 hours a day. Once rabbit is used to the vegetables. This way. If forage is wet when you cut it. Chew sticks and gnaw of untreated wood of various sizes and shapes should be given to the rabbits apart from vegetables and hay.
Vegetables Vegetables provide valuable roughage as well as essential vitamins At the age of three months. They are subject to dehydration so make sure they always have plenty of water. The spikes cause oral pain and excessive salivation slobbers and also cause reluctance to chew.
As the teeth continue to grow. Try not to put your rabbit feed directly on the floor of the cage where it will be dirtied by urine and droppings. Chewing Items It is important to prevent uneven tooth wear that comes as a result of little chewing by the rabbits as this causes enamel to grow on the sides of the teeth. Each day. Eliminate those that may cause diarrhea or soft stool while continuing to add new vegetable varieties including leafy ones and of different colours.
Rabbits need clean water at least twice a day. If your rabbits eat wet forage. Dirty food can make a rabbit sick. Rabbits less than 7 months old may have alfalfa hay.
When you give your rabbit forage.
They weigh between weaning and 7 months. Block or spool salt is not needed under normal circumstances. Fresh water should always be provided and clay water containers are recommended as compared to all other containers. Minerals and Vitamins Depending on age and health status of the rabbits.
Any other diet element is treat and should be given in limited quantities and in varying quantities according to the age of the animal. At three 3 months of age.
If any vegetable cause digestive problems. After three weeks. Commercial pellets contain enough minerals. Studies on the calcium and phosphorus requirements of growing rabbits show that they need less than lactating Does. Quality pellets. Make sure to choose dark leafy greens and feed at least three different kinds daily. Do not feed pellets to the young adults in unlimited quantities. The fibre in hay and grass is crucial in making the digestive system work properly.
The farmer needs to increase pellet intake if the pet is not able to maintain its weight. Foods to avoid feeding to the rabbits include lettuce harmful to the digestive system and poisonous plants like fox glove. Several servings of vegetables are required 2 cups per 3 kilogrammes of body weight daily.
Also Avoid tubers like onions. Mature Adults These rabbits should be fed on a lot of hay. Hay has more calories and calcium for developing rabbits. You should reduce the pellets portion of the diet. Twice a day during morning and night is good enough except on instances where the rabbit is pregnant and need food throughout both during and after the pregnancy.
Seniors These are rabbits that are six 6 years and over and can be fed the same diet as mature rabbits if they do not have weight loss problems. At this stage. These feeds should be available all day long. Young Adults These are rabbits with ages of 3 months onwards and at the stage of being introduced to grass.
To make nutritional gain. Thorough cleaning should be taken care of every weekend. Food and water troughs should be cleaned daily and use a detergent or disinfectant to clean the troughs and sun dry them to avoid infections. The area in and around the cages should be clean always.
Reasons foe cleanliness: Spot cleaning should be done on need basis and keep cleaning including hosing. This may lead to contracting coccidiosis. Daily cleaning include removing dropping and left over food. The cages should be disinfected regularly at least once a month and every time a rabbit is removed to another cage to prevent disease spreading.
Most important of all. Through the movements. Keep only necessary records after deciding what you need. Do not keep them closed up and ensure to use wood all through in cage construction. See below an example of rabbit farming record keeping: They also require a constant change of air. Helping in following up on various issue to be done on the rabbits like vaccinations. Number and weight of weaned rabbits iv.
Sales vii. Some of the vital records include: Keep productivity and show records of your herd just for this purpose. Average weight at market time and age of rabbits at that weight v.
Rabbits also require sunlight hence it is important to provide sunlight to all rabbits since they get vitamins. Kindling dates and number born.
Breeding records like date.
Expenditure including utilities vi. That is where productivity records and pedigrees listing show winning come in handy. Record of visitors to your farm by date and their comments about your farming Benefits of good records include: The better the records.