E COMMERCE TUTORIAL PDF
21 Oldaker St, Devonport. Tel. A Taste of E-commerce. E-commerce for beginners. Presented by John Guenther. E-Commerce or Electronics Commerce is a methodology of modern business which addresses the need of business organizations e commerce pdf. E-Commerce Tutorial i E-COMMERCE TUTORIAL Simply Easy Learning by cittadelmonte.info cittadelmonte.info ii ABOUT THE TUTORIAL.
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E-Commerce Tutorial in PDF - Learn E-Commerce in simple and easy steps starting from basic to advanced concepts with examples including Overview. business is carried out using the principles of e-commerce. Prerequisites. This is a very basic tutorial that introduces the subject without getting into too much. There are many user-friendly options to help you build an E-commerce site, but with so many already existing on the Internet, generating traffic to your site and.
Website may or may not charge the consumer for its services. Business organization that fulfills the consumer's requirement within specified budget approaches the customer and provides its services. Such websites are used by government to trade and exchange information with various business organizations. Such websites are accredited by the government and provide a medium to businesses to submit application forms to the government.
Such websites support auctions, tenders, and application submission functionalities. Such websites support auctions of vehicles, machinery or any other material. Such website also provides services like registration for birth, marriage or death certificates. Main objectives of G2C website are to reduce average time for fulfilling people requests for various government services.
E-Commerce or Electronics Commerce sites use electronic payment where electronic payment refers to paperless monetary transactions. Electronic payment has revolutionized the business processing by reducing paper work, transaction costs, labour cost. Some of the modes of electronic payments are following. Credit card is small plastic card with a unique number attached with an account. It has also a magnetic strip embedded in it which is used to read credit card via card readers.
It is usually credit card monthly payment cycle. Following are the actors in the credit card system. Step 3 Merchant validates customer's identity by asking for approval from card brand company. Step 4 Card brand company authenticates the credit card and paid the transaction by credit.
Merchant keeps the sales slip. Step 6 Acquirer bank requests the card brand company to clear the credit amount and gets the payment. Step 6 Now card brand company asks to clear amount from the issuer bank and amount gets transferred to card brand company. Debit Card Debit card, like credit card is a small plastic card with a unique number mapped with the bank account number.
It is required to have a bank account before getting a debit card from the bank. The major difference between debit card and credit card is that in case of payment through debit card, amount gets deducted from card's bank account immediately and there should be sufficient balance in bank account for the transaction to get completed whereas in case of credit card there is no such compulsion. Debit cards free customer to carry cash, cheques and even merchants accepts debit card more readily.
Smart Card Smart card is again similar to credit card and debit card in appearance but it has a small microprocessor chip embedded in it.
Smart card is also used to store money which is reduced as per usage. Smart card can be accessed only using a PIN of customer. Mondex and Visa Cash cards are examples of smart cards. E-money transactions are faster, convenient and save a lot of time. Online payments done via credit card, debit card or smart card are examples of e- money transactions. Another popular example is e-cash.
In case of e-cash, both customer and merchant both have to sign up with the bank or company issuing e-cash. Electronic Fund Transfer It is a very popular electronic payment method to transfer money from one bank account to another bank account. Accounts can be in same bank or different bank. Now a day, internet based EFT is getting popularity. In this case, customer uses website provided by the bank. Customer logins to the bank's website and registers another bank account. Customer's bank transfers amount to other account if it is in same bank otherwise transfer request is forwarded to ACH Automated Clearing House to transfer amount to other account and amount is deducted from customer's account.
Once amount is transferred to other account, customer is notified of the fund transfer by the bank. Security is an essential part of any transaction that takes place over the internet. It should not be intercepted during transmission.
Once a sender sends a message, the sender should not able to deny sending the message. Similarly the recipient of message should not be able to deny receipt. Measures to ensure Security Major security measures are following: A digital signature is a e-signature authentic authenticated through encryption and password.
Security Protocols in Internet Following are the popular protocols used over the internet which ensures security of transactions made over the internet. It meets following security requirements: Secure HTTP supports multiple security mechanism providing security to end users. SHTTP works by negotiating encryption scheme types used between client and server.
Thereoritically, it is the best security protocol. It has following components: It supports the process for merchant's certificate request. Website following B2B business model sells its product to an intermediate buyer who then sells the product to the final customer. B2B implies that seller as well as buyer is business entity.
B2B covers large number of applications which enables business to form relationships with their distributors, resellers, suppliers etc. Following are the leading items in B2B e-Commerce. Architectural Models Following are the architectural models in B2B e-commerce: A supplier offers an e-stores for sales promotion.
He invites suppliers to bid on product's catalog. A Buyer company opens a bidding site. In B2C model, business Website is a place where all transactions take place between a business organization and consumer directly. In B2C Model, a consumer goes to the website, selects a catalog, orders the catalog and an email is sent to business organization.
After receiving the order, goods would be dispatched to the customer. Disintermediation and Reintermediation In traditional commerce, there are intermediating agents like wholesalers, distributors, retailers between manufacturer and consumer. In B2C website, manufacturer can sell products directly to consumers.
This process of removal of business layers responsible for intermediary functions is called Disintermediation. Now-a-days, a new electronic intermediary breed is emerging like e-mall and product selection agents are emerging. This process of shifting of business layers responsible for intermediary functions from traditional to electronic mediums is called Reintermediation.
EDI is an electronic way of transferring business documents in an organization internally between its various departments or externally with suppliers, customers or any subsidiaries etc. In EDI, paper documents are replaced with electronic documents like word documents, spreadsheets etc.
This reduced the processing time of the transfer documents. Tutorials Point is aiming to provide the Best Training Materials on highly demanding technical and managerial subjects like: If you think it is worth to visit this website, kindly share it with your friends and colleagues. Please send us your feedback at webmaster tutorialspoint.
You just clipped your first slide! Smart cards are also used to store money and the amount gets deducted after every transaction. Smart Card Smart card is again similar to a credit card or a debit card in appearance.
Debit cards free the customer to carry cash and cheques. It is required to have a bank account before getting a debit card from the bank. The major difference between a debit card and a credit card is that in case of payment through debit card. Merchant keeps the sales slip.
Step 3 Merchant validates the customer's identity by asking for approval from the card brand company. Even merchants accept a debit card readily. Customer's bank transfers the amount to other account if it is in the same bank.
In this case. Accounts can be in the same bank or different banks. Electronic Fund Transfer It is a very popular electronic payment method to transfer money from one bank account to another bank account. Online payments done via credit cards. Smart cards are secure. In case of e-cash.
Another popular example is e-cash. E-Money E-Money transactions refer to situation where payment is done over the network and the amount gets transferred from one financial body to another financial body without any involvement of a middleman.
E-money transactions are faster. Mondex and Visa Cash cards are examples of smart cards. Once the amount is transferred to other account. Information should not be accessible to an unauthorized person.
E-Commerce 6. Information should not be altered during its transmission over the network. Measures to ensure Security Major security measures are the following: Sender of the information encrypts the data using a secret code and only the specified receiver can decrypt the data using the same or a different secret code.
It should not be intercepted during the transmission. Information should be encrypted and decrypted only by an authorized user. Once a sender sends a message.
A digital signature is an e-signature authenticated through encryption and password. It is a very effective and practical way to safeguard the data being transmitted over the network. Information should be available wherever and whenever required within a time limit specified.
It is the protection against the denial of order or denial of payment. Data should be recorded in such a way that it can be audited for integrity requirements. Security certificate is a unique digital id used to verify the identity of an individual website or user.
It has the following components: It meets following security requirements: Payment gateway provides automatic and standard payment process. E-Commerce Security Protocols in Internet We will discuss here some of the popular protocols used over the internet to ensure secured online transactions.
This software is used by financial institutions to issue digital certificates to card holders and merchants. Digital Wallet allows the card holder to make secure purchases online via point and click interface. This software helps merchants to communicate with potential customers and financial institutions in a secure manner.
SHTTP works by negotiating encryption scheme types used between the client and the server. Secure HTTP supports multiple security mechanism. It supports the process for merchant's certificate request. B2B covers a large number of applications. B2B identifies both the seller as well as the buyer as business entities.
Following are the leading items in B2B e-Commerce. Extranet represents a network where the outside business partners. In this type of model. A buyer company opens a bidding site. Intranet represents a dedicated network of computers within a single organization.
Architectural Models Following are the architectural models in B2B e-commerce: Internet represents the World Wide Web or the network of networks connecting computers across the world.
EDI is an inter-organizational exchange of business documents in a structured and machine processable format.
E-Commerce Tutorial in PDF
A supplier offers an e-store for sales promotion. After receiving the order. Following are the key features of the B2C model: In the B2C model. A consumer 1.
This process of removal of business layers responsible for intermediary functions is called disintermediation.
In B2C websites. This process of shifting of business layers responsible for intermediary functions from traditional to electronic mediums is called re-intermediation. Disintermediation and Re-intermediation In traditional commerce. E-Commerce 7. EDI is an electronic way of transferring business documents in an organization internally.
In EDI. A program generates a file that contains the processed document. It is quite easy to transfer or share the data.
E commerce tutorial
EDI enforces standards on the content of data and its format which leads to clearer communication. The trading partner receives the file.
Orders can be processed as soon as they are entered into the system. An acknowledgement document is generated and sent to the originating organization. The document is converted into an agreed standard format. As a lot of paper documents are replaced with electronic documents.
Chances of errors are much less while using a computer for data entry. The file containing the document is sent electronically on the network. EDI proves to be highly cost effective. It reduces the processing time of the transfer documents. As time is saved and orders are processed very effectively. Understand the basics of e-commerce by this tutorial. Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles.
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