JULES VERNE PDF ROMANA
Project Gutenberg · 59, free ebooks · by Jules Verne. The Master of the World by Jules Verne. No cover available. Download; Bibrec. Document and Pdf Drive - Thank you for visiting the article Jules Verne Pdf Romana for free. We are a website that provides counsel about the key to the reply. books and novels at Planet eBook. Subscribe to our free eBooks blog and email newsletter. Around the World in 80 Days. By Jules Verne.
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Jules Verne - Wikipedia
In February, Louis Philippe I had been overthrown and had fled; on 24 February, a provisional government of the French Second Republic took power, but political demonstrations continued, and social tension remained.
In a letter to his family, Verne described the bombarded state of the city after the recent June Days uprising but assured them that the anniversary of Bastille Day had gone by without any significant conflict. Verne used his family connections to make an entrance into Paris society. Verne later recalled: At that time I could have recited by heart whole pages of Notre Dame de Paris , but it was his dramatic work that most influenced me. During this period, Verne's letters to his parents primarily focused on expenses and on a suddenly appearing series of violent stomach cramps ,  the first of many he would suffer from during his life.
Modern scholars have hypothesized that he suffered from colitis ;  Verne believed the illness to have been inherited from his mother's side.
These attacks, rather than being psychosomatic , were due to an inflammation in the middle ear , though this cause remained unknown to Verne during his life. In the same year, Verne was required to enlist in the French military , but the sortition process spared him, to his great relief.
He wrote to his father: Though writing profusely and frequenting the salons, Verne diligently pursued his law studies and graduated with a licence en droit in January Thanks to his visits to salons, Verne came into contact in with Alexandre Dumas through the mutual acquaintance of a celebrated chirologist of the time, the Chevalier d'Arpentigny. Verne, with his delight in diligent research, especially in geography, was a natural for the job.
The latter story, with its combination of adventurous narrative, travel themes, and detailed historical research, would later be described by Verne as "the first indication of the line of novel that I was destined to follow. Seveste offered Verne the job of secretary of the theatre, with little or no salary attached. For some time, Verne's father pressed him to abandon his writing and begin a business as a lawyer.
However, Verne argued in his letters that he could only find success in literature. It's because I know who I am that I realize what I can be one day. It was in this period that Verne met the illustrious geographer and explorer Jacques Arago , who continued to travel extensively despite his blindness he had lost his sight completely in The two men became good friends, and Arago's innovative and witty accounts of his travels led Verne toward a newly developing genre of literature: Hoffmann -like fantasy featuring a sharp condemnation of scientific hubris and ambition,  followed soon afterward by " A Winter Amid the Ice ", a polar adventure story whose themes closely anticipated many of Verne's novels.
He is said to have discussed the project with the elder Alexandre Dumas, who had tried something similar with an unfinished novel, Isaac Laquedem , and who enthusiastically encouraged Verne's project.
Verne, invited to stay with the bride's family, took to them warmly, befriending the entire household and finding himself increasingly attracted to the bride's sister, Honorine de Viane Morel, a widow aged 26 with two young children. With his financial situation finally looking promising, Verne won the favor of Morel and her family, and the couple were married on 10 January The journey, Verne's first trip outside France, deeply impressed him, and upon his return to Paris he fictionalized his recollections to form the backbone of a semi-autobiographical novel, Backwards to Britain written in the autumn and winter of — and not published until Meanwhile, Verne continued work on the idea of a Roman de la Science , which he developed in a rough draft inspired, according to his recollections, by his "love for maps and the great explorers of the world".
It took shape as a story of travel across Africa and would eventually become his first published novel, Five Weeks in a Balloon.
Verne made the proposed revisions within two weeks and returned to Hetzel with the final draft, now titled Five Weeks in a Balloon. Verne, finding both a steady salary and a sure outlet for writing at last, accepted immediately.
When The Adventures of Captain Hatteras was published in book form in , Hetzel publicly announced his literary and educational ambitions for Verne's novels by saying in a preface that Verne's works would form a novel sequence called the Voyages extraordinaires Extraordinary Voyages or Extraordinary Journeys , and that Verne's aim was "to outline all the geographical, geological, physical, and astronomical knowledge amassed by modern science and to recount, in an entertaining and picturesque format that is his own, the history of the universe.
It is said that there can't be any style in a novel of adventure, but it isn't true. But the Earth is very large, and life is very short!
In order to leave a completed work behind, one would need to live to be at least years old! Hetzel influenced many of Verne's novels directly, especially in the first few years of their collaboration, for Verne was initially so happy to find a publisher that he agreed to almost all of the changes Hetzel suggested. For example, when Hetzel disapproved of the original climax of Captain Hatteras , including the death of the title character, Verne wrote an entirely new conclusion in which Hatteras survived.
The relationship between publisher and writer changed significantly around , when Verne and Hetzel were brought into conflict over the manuscript for Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea. Verne had initially conceived of the submariner Captain Nemo as a Polish scientist whose acts of vengeance were directed against the Russians who had killed his family during the January uprising. Hetzel, not wanting to alienate the lucrative Russian market for Verne's books, demanded that Nemo be made an enemy of the slave trade , a situation that would make him an unambiguous hero.
Verne, after fighting vehemently against the change, finally invented a compromise in which Nemo's past is left mysterious. After this disagreement, Verne became notably cooler in his dealings with Hetzel, taking suggestions into consideration but often rejecting them outright. From that point, Verne published two or more volumes a year. The most successful of these are: Verne could now live on his writings.
But most of his wealth came from the stage adaptations of Le tour du monde en quatre-vingts jours and Michel Strogoff , which he wrote with Adolphe d'Ennery.
His brother Paul contributed to 40th French climbing of the Mont-Blanc and a collection of short stories — Doctor Ox — in Verne became wealthy and famous. Meanwhile, Michel Verne married an actress against his father's wishes, had two children by an underage mistress, and buried himself in debts.
Though he was raised Catholic, Verne became a deist in his later years, from about onward.
On 9 March , as Verne was coming home, his twenty-six-year-old nephew, Gaston, shot at him twice with a pistol. The first bullet missed, but the second one entered Verne's left leg, giving him a permanent limp that could not be overcome. This incident was hushed up in the media, but Gaston spent the rest of his life in a mental asylum.
After the death of both his mother and Hetzel, Jules Verne began publishing darker works. In , Verne entered politics and was elected town councilor of Amiens , where he championed several improvements and served for fifteen years.
The Voyages extraordinaires series continued for several years afterwards at the same rate of two volumes a year.
In , Verne's great-grandson discovered his ancestor's as yet unpublished novel Paris in the Twentieth Century which was subsequently published in Verne's largest body of work is the Voyages extraordinaires series, which includes all of his novels except for the two rejected manuscripts Paris in the Twentieth Century and Backwards to Britain published posthumously in and , respectively and for projects left unfinished at his death many of which would be posthumously adapted or rewritten for publication by his son Michel.
However, Verne's growing popularity among readers and playgoers due especially to the highly successful stage version of Around the World in Eighty Days led to a gradual change in his literary reputation.
As the novels and stage productions continued to sell, many contemporary critics felt that Verne's status as a commercially popular author meant he could only be seen as a mere genre-based storyteller, rather than a serious author worthy of academic study. However, the decades after Verne's death also saw the rise in France of the "Jules Verne cult", a steadily growing group of scholars and young writers who took Verne's works seriously as literature and willingly noted his influence on their own pioneering works.
Their praise and analyses, emphasizing Verne's stylistic innovations and enduring literary themes, proved highly influential for literary studies to come.
In the s and s, thanks in large part to a sustained wave of serious literary study from well-known French scholars and writers, Verne's reputation skyrocketed in France. Since these events, Verne has been consistently recognized in Europe as a legitimate member of the French literary canon, with academic studies and new publications steadily continuing.
Verne's reputation in English-speaking countries has been considerably slower in changing. Wells than as a topic of literary study in his own right. This narrow view of Verne has undoubtedly been influenced by the poor-quality English translations and very loosely adapted Hollywood film versions through which most American and British readers have discovered Verne.
The Master of the World by Jules Verne
These early English-language translations have been widely criticized for their extensive textual omissions, errors, and alterations, and are not considered adequate representations of Verne's actual novels. It's a bizarre situation for a world-famous writer to be in. Indeed, I can't think of a major writer who has been so poorly served by translation.
Similarly, the American novelist Michael Crichton observed:. Verne's prose is lean and fast-moving in a peculiarly modern way … [but] Verne has been particularly ill-served by his English translators. At best they have provided us with clunky, choppy, tone-deaf prose. Since , a considerable number of more accurate English translations of Verne have appeared.
However, the highly criticized older translations continue to be republished, due to their public domain status and in many cases their easy availability in online sources. The relationship between Verne's Voyages extraordinaires and the literary genre science fiction is a complex one. Verne, like H. Wells , is frequently cited as one of the founders of the genre, and his profound influence on its development is indisputable; however, many earlier writers, such as Lucian of Samosata , Voltaire , and Mary Shelley , have also been cited as creators of science fiction, an unavoidable ambiguity arising from the vague definition and history of the genre.
Bibliografia lui Jules Verne
A primary issue at the heart of the dispute is the question of whether Verne's works count as science fiction to begin with. Maurice Renard claimed that Verne "never wrote a single sentence of scientific-marvelous".
I wrote Five Weeks in a Balloon , not as a story about ballooning, but as a story about Africa. I always was greatly interested in geography and travel, and I wanted to give a romantic description of Africa. Now, there was no means of taking my travellers through Africa otherwise than in a balloon, and that is why a balloon is introduced. Closely related to Verne's science-fiction reputation is the often-repeated claim that he is a " prophet " of scientific progress, and that many of his novels involve elements of technology that were fantastic for his day but later became commonplace.
Thomas speculated that Verne's storytelling skill and readers misremembering a book they read as children caused people to "remember things from it that are not there. The impression that the novel contains valid scientific prediction seems to grow as the years roll by".
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