Politics As Vinhas Da Ira Pdf


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Get Instant Access to PDF File: #33eb62 As Vinhas Da Ira (Portuguese Edition) By John Steinbeck PDF EBOOK EPUB KINDLE. (c) - page 1 of 7 - View As. As Vinhas da Ira · Read more Ira Aldridge: The African Roscius (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora) · Read more. Este livro narra o drama social da Grande Depressão de uma forma realista e dura, mas vai além duma narrativa colectiva e mostra as vivências individuais de .

Quando os Joad perdem a quinta de que eram rendeiros no Oklahoma, juntam-se a milhares de outros que ao longo das estradas se dirigem para Oeste, no sonho de conseguirem uma terra que possam considerar sua. Whenever I revisit a classic I'm struck by how much more I get out of it now than I did when I was 24 or 19 or, God forbid, Giving a book like the Grapes of Wrath to a 15 year old serves largely to put them off fine literature for the rest of their lives. The depth of understanding and compassion for the human condition as communicated by a book like this is simply unfathomable to those who haven't lived much life yet, but after you've gotten a healthy dose of living, it comes across like fine music to a trained ear. My heart doesn't bleed for the Joads today as it might have 25 years ago.

I don't just mean it was depressing. It was, obviously - a book about a poor family being forced from their home during the Great Depression and having to beg for the chance to pick cotton at fifteen cents per hour can't be anything except depressing - but it wasn't the most depressing book I've ever read.

This was hard to read, not because it was a portrayal of a horrible period of history that actually happened. That contributed to the tragedy of the book, of course, coupled with the knowledge that there were not just a few Joad families during the Great Depression, but millions of them, so your percentage of possible happy endings is going to be pretty low.

It wasn't even sad because Steinbeck was using the backdrop of the Great Depression to illustrate the greater problems in America - the disparity between rich and poor, the way low-level laborers have to fight tooth and nail to achieve the most basic human rights, the fact that the people who run the major banks and farms are horrible unfeeling shells of human beings, etc. The Grapes of Wrath is sad for all of these reasons, but here is what makes it sadder than anything: It's because that horrible period went away, and then it came back.

We aren't in the middle of a second Dust Bowl, but make no mistake: If you haven't read yet and have always been meaning to, there's no better time than now.

Steinbeck's book was written in the late 's, but just about everything that happens here is happening right in your state - possibly in your neighborhood - as you read this.

You read about the banks in the Great Depression sending men to bulldoze people's houses while the family stood outside, and find yourself thinking, "Well, at least now they just pile all your stuff on the curb after you get foreclosed on. You read about the Joad family and the others being called "Okies" and forced out of their camps by the cops, and think about politicians who scream about "illegals" taking away the good American jobs and deporting kids' parents.

Is this review getting too politcally-minded? That's how Steinbeck would have wanted me to talk about his book, because let me assure you - The Grapes of Wrath is extremely fucking political.

Another reviewer called it the anti-Atlas Shrugged, which is pretty damn apt. It's all about unions and the rights of the worker and how poor people need government assistance because sometimes life just sucks for no fucking reason.

It's sad and it's searing, and beautifully written, and unrelentingly depressing. But it should be read. Look, I know that Steinbeck didn't have to give the Joads a happy ending, and I'm not saying he gave them a sad one either - he gave them a weird one instead. I was already pretty sick of hearing about Rose of Sharon and her magical pregnancy, so it was just the cherry on top of a shit subplot sundae that the ending view spoiler [had her breastfeeding an old man after her baby died.

I kind of get what Steinbeck was trying to say with his ending, because it kind of tied into his idea that the only ones who help poor people are other poor people, and Rose of Sharon was literally feeding a dying man with her own body and oh my god personal sacrifice And it was weird and gross and then the book was over. This novel is amazing. The Grapes of Wrath is one of those books that for years I'd been embarrassed I hadn't read yet. I was familiar with other works by John Steinbeck, but somehow I hadn't gotten around to this classic of American literature until now.

Pardon my language, but holy shit is this book good. I was blown away by the scope of the work, how it followed not just the Joad family traveling from Oklahoma to California, but it also meditated on the problems of all the displaced families of the Great Depression, and on all the poor farmers who were driven from their homes and their lands by Big Banks and Greedy Corporations.

Many of those farmers ended up in California, hoping to find work and a decent living, but instead found menial wages, prejudice, hunger and disease. It's a devastating chapter of American history. I listened to this on audio, read by the talented actor Dylan Baker, and I would highly recommend his performance. I also recommend the film version directed by John Ford and starring Henry Fonda, which was mostly faithful to the book.

In the movie, Fonda seems to be carrying the entire weight of the Depression on his shoulders. I think what is most alarming about reading The Grapes of Wrath in the early 21st century is recognizing how relevant the themes are today, because the country is still run by big banks and greedy corporations. Karl Marx was right: The working class is oppressed, y'all.

Five stars for the impressive John Steinbeck. Five stars for the Joad family, searching for a new life. And five stars for Dylan Baker's excellent narration. Favorite Quotes"There ain't no sin and there ain't no virtue. There's just stuff people do. And since old Tom and the children could not know hurt or fear unless she acknowledged hurt or fear, she had practiced denying them in herself.

And since, when a joyful thing happened, they looked to see whether joy was on her, it was her habit to build laughter out of inadequate materials She seemed to know that if she swayed the family shook, and if she ever deeply wavered or despaired the family would fall.

The Grapes of Wrath is a story about the pursuit of power by a few selected individuals and its domino effects on the society and the lives of thousands of people.

Sadly, still to this day, we can see in the news that there are people working for less than the minimal wage and under slave labor conditions. To tell us this story, John Steinbeck presents to us the life of the Joads: Slow paced and packed with long descriptions, I imagined it would take me up to three weeks to get through the book by my reading standards; it took me nine days instead.

It was impossible to not start caring about the family right away or to stop desiring that they would have a deserved happy ending where they would finally find some relief.

As the pages turned though, I realized that the Joads represented the lives of thousands and that their fates would likely be consistent to the sore reality of what happened to the majority of the migrants on the same road as them. In order to help us to realize the bigger picture that he wanted to portray, Steinbeck used smaller chapters, that felt almost like interludes, showing us the similar situation that unidentified people were enduring.

A big highlight for me was that the author succeeded in making his characters realistic, and it was plain to see that their behaviors were in line with their personalities in every one of their actions i. Having known and been around tenant farmers myself, it was clear to me how Steinbeck really captured their persona, temper and features while conceiving these characters.

Before completing The Grapes of Wrath, he wrote some reports on the subject and was working on an unfinished novel called The Oklahomans. One of the striking traces I recognized in the Joads - and mainly everyone they met in their journey, but best represented in the book by the Wilson and the Wainwright families - was that they were truly willing to share whatever they had even under those trying times.

This compassionate way of thinking and their mentality of doing good in order to receive good things ironically turned out to be working against them in more than one occasion.

Their simplistic logic blindsided them into not realizing there were bigger interests in the game. For film buffs: Although there are some changes, it stays somewhat faithful to the story and the acting is on point all around, with Jane Darwell Ma Joad deservingly winning an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. The major difference from the novel is that the film adaptation switched some events and it ends in a high note, leaving us hopeful and optimistic, under the impression that everything will turn out well.

This was a library book. I didn't get on with it at all despite trying to read it twice. I gave up about a third of the way through in the end. It is about the life of one American family during the Great Depression. There is some beautiful creative writing in places but the story itself is so very slow. It just didn't hold my interest due to the lengthy dialogue between the characters who were talking about nothing in particular.

It was like being a fly on the wall at a really dull tea party where everyone is making small talk. It seems they were allowing waves of nostalgia to sweep over them--forcing everyone to listen as one by one they recounted monotonous tales from their youth.

I guess I probably shouldn't make such comments about something labelled a classic, but for me it was not. As a Christian, I also found the language, particularly the regular blasphemy, offensive and would probably have stopped reading earlier for that reason had it not been a classic. I also didn't appreciate the early scenes where the local vicar was using his position to bed all of the young women in his parish.

I don't recommend this book due to the language, the sexual content and the monotony, I'm sorry I wasted a few hours on it. I consider that I have carried out my duty by advising you, fellow readers, not to do the same. This book was incredibly scary; especially because it was so realistic. John Steinbeck has a way of depicting society and people in a raw and honest way that leaves you with a hollow feeling inside, and yet you devour his books because they are so amazing.

In "The Grapes of Wrath" we meet Tom, who has just been released from prison on probation, as well as his family who's about to move to the West because banks and tractors have evicted them from their own home and land. Everyone is moving from East to West in order to find work and survive these new and abhorrent circumstances. In many ways, the writing of this book is very straight-forward, but at the same time it digs deeper when you read between the lines and look behind the characters' behaviour and dialogue.

I was especially fond of how Steinbeck, at every other chapter, stops up to depict the conditions in America at that point in time; whether it be about a car seller and his greediness, the devastating conditions for the workers in the fruit fields or a turtle. I was a big fan, and especially the ending left me speechless.

There has been an upward trend in cases of farmer suicides in Maharashtra, Telangana, Karnataka and Punjab recently, besides reporting of instances in Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, says an Intelligence Bureau note submitted to the Modi government late last week.

The December 19 report, marked to national security adviser Ajit Kumar Doval, principal secretary to the Prime Minister Nripendra Mishra, and agriculture ministry, among others, has blamed rising farmer suicides on erratic monsoon at the onset stage this year, outstanding loans, rising debt, low crop yield, poor procurement rate of crops and successive crop failure.

It also linked the agriculturists' woes to a depleted water table, unsuitable macro-economic policies with respect to taxes, non-farm loans and faulty prices of import and export. Campaigners say a contributing factor may be the high price of genetically modified seeds flooding the market, which is piling pressure on poorly paid growers, forcing many into a cycle of unmanageable debt.

The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck is such a book. I read it during a period of recuperation after a severe bout of viral flu during my late teens. I never knew who Steinbeck was before I read this book, and I had only a sketchy idea of what the Great Depression was. After I finished it, I had become a fan of the author, and my political views had shifted permanently to the left of the spectrum.

The Western States nervous under the beginning change. A single family moved from the land. Pa borrowed money from the bank, and now the bank wants the land.

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The land company--that's the bank when it has land--wants tractors, not families on the land. Is a tractor bad? Is the power that turns the long furrows wrong? If this tractor were ours it would be good--not mine, but ours. If our tractor turned the long furrows of our land, it would be good.

Not my land, but ours. We could love that tractor then as we have loved this land when it was ours. But the tractor does two things--it turns the land and turns us off the land. There is little difference between this tractor and a tank. The people are driven, intimidated, hurt by both. We must think about this. One man, one family driven from the land; this rusty car creaking along the highway to the west. I lost my land, a single tractor took my land.

I am alone and bewildered. And in the night one family camps in a ditch and another family pulls in and the tents come out. The two men squat on their hams and the women and children listen. Here is the node, you who hate change and fear revolution. Keep these two squatting men apart; make them hate, fear, suspect each other. Here is the anlarge of the thing you fear. This is the zygote. For here "I lost my land" is changed; a cell is split and from its splitting grows the thing you hate--"We lost our land.

And from this first "we" there grows a still more dangerous thing: Only a little multiplication now, and this land, this tractor are ours. The two men squatting in a ditch, the little fire, the side-meat stewing in a single pot, the silent, stone-eyed women; behind, the children listening with their souls to words their minds do not understand. The night draws down.

The baby has a cold. Here, take this blanket. It's wool. It was my mother's blanket--take it for the baby. This is the thing to bomb. This is the beginning--from "I" to "we. If you could separate causes from results, if you could know Paine, Marx, Jefferson, Lenin, were results, not causes, you might survive. But that you cannot know. For the quality of owning freezes you forever into "I," and cuts you off forever from the "we.

Ira Melanox

Need is the stimulus to concept, concept to action. A half-million people moving over the country; a million more restive, ready to move; ten million more feeling the first nervousness. And tractors turning the multiple furrows in the vacant land. Has there been a change? I don't think so. The news items quoted above are only a sample. The tractors of capitalism are still mowing the vacant land Let's hope the world sees sense before the grapes of wrath are harvested. Steinbeck set this book during the Great Depression, when poor tenant farmers were driven from their land by a combination of drought, dust storms and poor soil management.

They headed to California in hope of a new life, instead their hardships multiplied. As the male characters give in to fear, rage and depression, Ma Joad tries desperately to hold her family together. When I home schooled my son, this was one of his favorites and as a measure to its greatness, we still talk about it today, especially the quasi-mystical symbol-laden ending.

I might have an unpopular opinion when it comes to this book, as it was fine but nothing fantastic for me. I admit, I read this in middle school, nearly 25 years ago, and never went back to read it again.

I tend not to like books about awful things as the main plot. I don't mind when bad things happen, or circumstances change, but when the entire book is about the pain and suffering of a family, it doesn't usually rise to the top of my TBR. I might consider giving this one another chance, but you have some major convincing to do. I like Steinbeck, too, so it's not so much an issue with the author as it is with the topic. The writing is strong.

The imagery is good. The characters are well drawn. The setting is very detailed. But when it comes to the plight of a family against the hardships all around them, it's a difficult read. Part of my issue may have been a connection with the story. While I certainly don't have a real-life connection with my favorite books mysteries, thrillers I usually don't read things about this time period or space for those reasons.

If the characters called to me, I might have liked it more. Don't get me wrong And it's got a place in the world of classics. And it helped highlight a lot of wrongs that people weren't aware of.

And maybe because I learned those lessons from other books and other places, this one just didn't seem all that top notch to me. That said, it's Steinbeck, so there is something of value here. No one can tell reality like he can. About MeFor those new to me or my reviews I read A LOT. I write A LOT. First the book review goes on Goodreads, and then I send it on over to my WordPress blog at https: Leave a comment and let me know what you think.

Vote in the poll and ratings. Thanks for stopping by. I was off to the mall with my tight abs to find some jeans that would accentuate my vacuous mind.

The same copy then sat on my various book shelves ever since. I've never been able to sell it or give it away, so finally, at 42, with far looser abs and a pair of fat jeans in the closet, I decided to give it an actual try. Now, the ladies at my book club will tell you. I'm not easily won over by any book, though I do believe that a good book is a good book. A good book may not have any other merit other than you thought the protagonist was sweet.

Or cute. But, a great book? Well, a great book is a whole different story. A great book pays tribute to the collective YOU, our collective consciousness. A great book garners the support of Divinity and has the staying power of the people through multiple generations and years. And this is a great book.

One of the best ever written. I can only imagine that Steinbeck's hands were shaking as he removed the last page from the typewriter yes, writers used something called typewriters back then. I picture a silent room as he experienced a true moment of awe.

I like to think he had tears in his eyes, or that they slid slowly down his face, just as mine did throughout this read. As Frost would say, "no tears in the writer, no tears in the reader. I'd like to travel back in time and cup Steinbeck's face in my hands and say, "You did it, John.

You did it. The Pulitzer Prize winning novel of , this is the story of the Joad family, Oklahoma tenant farmers displaced from their land by the combined effects of ecological disaster, rampant capitalism and the Great Depression.

The narrative follows the family as they travel from Oklahoma to California in search of work, along with hundreds of thousands of others in the same situation. Woven into the story of the Joads are chapters dealing with issues such as the attitude of Californians to the influx of migrant workers and the exploitation and mistreatment to which they were subjected. There is nothing about this novel which I don't love: Steinbeck's wonderful use of language, his ability to create memorable characters, his descriptions of the natural world, his use of symbolism and - probably most of all - his passion.

Steinbeck is not a writer who hides himself behind his words: Listening to the audiobook - which is superbly narrated by John Chancer - I felt I was getting to know Steinbeck as well as his characters. One of the things I most like about Steinbeck's writing is the sense that he wrote what he knew, not just what he had imagined or researched. When Steinbeck writes about displaced people, the reader is sure that he knew such people personally.

When he describes a land turtle, it's because he had observed how a land turtle moves. When he has his characters carry out repairs to their truck, he knows what they would do because he's carried out those same repairs himself. Steinbeck lives and breathes in his writing.

[PDF] Download As Vinhas da Ira By : John Steinbeck

While this is the story of "Okies" in depression-era California, it's also the story of all those who have been forced to leave their homes - whether because of natural disaster, economic crisis, or conflict - and found themselves poor, hungry and desperate in a place where they are not welcome. It's a story which is repeated over and over, all over the world. The novel made me laugh, it made me cry, it made me angry and it made me sad. However, it also gave me hope.

There is an essential humanity and a deep vein of hope in Steinbeck's characters: And they know the power of love, of loyalty and of connectedness to each other.

I will be forever grateful that a stopover in Monterey during a drive from San Francisco to Los Angeles prompted me to finally start reading Steinbeck.

I'd give this book ten stars if I could. It's quite simply a masterpiece. I had read The Grapes of Wrath before, and I purposefully didn't re-read it while writing a novel set in the same period for fear I would somehow be influenced by it or be so intimidated I'd be paralyzed.

So with my own book behind me I finally had the pleasure of reading The Grapes of Wrath again. Does it hold up? It does, though it's not perfect. The story of the Joads is fantastic, and Ma Joad is a rich and surprising character. Steinbeck's prose is deft and evocative, and those famous bits like the turtle crossing the road and the ending, when Rose of Sharon nurses the dying man, are great.

At times the novel is a bit overwrought. This jaded reader had to stretch to accommodate some of the characters' naivete, particularly that of Rose of Sharon who is so dim she's a little hard to believe. The John Ford film version takes the melodrama a little far for my taste. The interspersed chapters, where Steinbeck attempts to go broad and tell the larger story about what is happening in America at that time works less well and structure ends up feeling a little clunky.

However, Steinbeck was not just writing a novel, he was writing for social change and I am not the intended audience. But the journey of the Joads, as poor, struggling migrants who have not where to go, no where to make a life for their family, but who deserve dignity and fight for it, is particularly resonant right now.

And for that I am grateful. Absorbing and maddening and depressing. There is a crime here that goes beyond denunciation. There is a sorrow here that weeping cannot symbolize. There is a failure here that topples all our success. Men squatted in their dooryards in a meditative trance, scrawling on the ground the reflections of their befuddling thoughts. The dust sifted up by the sweltering wind sought refuge on their dingy shoulders and hair.

Women stood at the door, casting a tentative glance at their men with their bewildered eyes. Children stood docilely beside their Ma, showing restrained obedience: An air of apprehension, uncertainty, and darkness pervaded.

Air had the smell of terror which traversed their windpipes like chunks. Disquieting silence. The delegates arrived in cars several minutes before, and bartered their soul, their land, for the unpaid debt. If they don't get it, they die the way you die without air, without side-meat.

The delegates didn't know who the bank was; they simply obeyed its orders. It became imperative that they should leave bereft of their soul, their land. They were bound to wander in unknown realms like aliens, as their 40 acres were not just their abode, but their world where the fence was the boundary to it.

The confused and despaired folks squatted again, thinking. Leave it. Burn it. A person wakes up to utmost darkness. He scrabbles in the dark for a physical support to lean on, but was fruitless.

A pang of despair, terror and uncertainty stabs him and chokes him. His consciousness slowly fades away, and frantically he makes a futile attempt of walking in circles only to reach a more uncertain position. Hope melts into despair. Courage melts into terror.

Conscience melts into blankness. He begins doubting his existence. But on the verge of devolving into a delirium, ALAS! He slowly regains his lost faculties as he has a direction now, with the blob of light beckoning him as if by winking.

He walks to the light, forgetting the darkness enveloping him, in quick strides, with bated breath and hammering heart, as if worried the light may die down before he reaches it. The handbill was such a blob of flickering light, hanging precariously between illusion and reality. The materialization of a direction imparted the family a new-found hope and spirit.

The handbill was like a mirror image of their needs in printed format. We'll start over. They sold everything, gathered up the cash, bought a vehicle to haul off their remnant belongings, and had set off to the land of paradise-California. Jus' let me get out to California where I can pick me an orange when I want it.

Or grapes. There's a thing I ain't never had enough of. Gonna get me a whole big bunch of grapes off a bush, or whatever, an' I'm gonna squash 'em on my face an' let 'em run offen my chin. Endless days on the road transformed the farm men to migrant men, and the road became their reality, and the truck home. At night, The Road side ditches teemed with campers, and they built tents and shared food. Every night relationships that make a world, established; and every morning the world torn down like a circus.

John Steinbeck is a dexterous writer. He adroitly enlaces the main track featuring Joad family with numerous side tracks, which speak to us like an omnipresent narrator, which proffer a profound and comprehensive prism through which the general movement of events and tribulations of the migrants are accentuated and expounded, thus rendering the main track Journey of Joads more poignant and painful.

The Prose is subtle yet beautiful,simple yet overpowering. Joad FamilyThe main characters of the Novel are: Pa, who was encumbered by the tribulations of the family and lack of money, had his mind and spirit plunged into torpidity, and which eventually degraded temporarily his status as the head of the family. He knew about it and sighed in despair or muttered gibberish, as he witnessed Ma taking over the family throne.

To which Ma replied: Man got it all in his head. Tom, who discovered her latent qualities, started to emanate an unprecedented kind of love for his Ma that was imbued with respect and awe. An instance where Ma comforted Pregnant Rose of Sharon has piqued my attention: They's a time of change, an' when that comes, dyin' is a piece of all dyin', and bearin' is a piece of all bearin', an' bearin' an' dyin' is two pieces of the same thing. An' then things ain't so lonely anymore.

An' then a hurt don't hurt so bad. It is heart warming and Joyful to see how Ma carries the family through the perilous journey. This was what she said to her family one day: Mother's milk, an elixir made from a concoction of unimpeachable elements of her life's force, imparts vitality and life to her new-born baby.

Rose of Sharon's being, unaware of her baby's death, prepared an elixir too, like a tentative yet smiling mom who prepares a treat for her child returning from school. The land of California, now transformed into a circus of death and fiasco, where hunger and deluge waltzed around the life of destitute, a man dying of hunger sits numb in a hay-shack, waiting inadvertently for death.

With a sudden lightning of unconditional love that bathed her whole being with a new light, Rose of Sharon, with her mother's knowing nod of consent, passes on the life-inducing elixir from her breast to the dying man, like a concerned mother, like mother of the whole humanity, as if teaching the world the quintessential principles of love and compassion, of the necessity of obliterating bigotry and malice from our hearts, and of God and His manifestation.

It ain't so now. It's anybody. Worse off we get, the more we got to do. But let me assure you this: No matter how many reviews you read about this book , the experience you may garner after actually reading it will be fresh like a morning dew. There is something in this story that no review can contain , and that you will unveil only when you finish reading it.

You've not read it??? You don't know what you're missing!!!!!!!! If you've read it, then you will know exactly what I am talking about. I have lived on, or close to old route 66 for over 20 years of my life. However, believe it or not, it was only in the past few years that I finally read this book!

I had read other Steinbeck,and loved it,and for some reason, after owning a copy of the book since the 's, I just never got around to reading it. One of my life's regrets. Once I plowed in, I did nothing, but read till I finished it I love the story of the Joads, with chapters mixed in on life,and history on the highway.

The way he describes everything just makes me feel like I was an Okie myself, living it, breathing it, I was on that truck! After reading it for the very first time,and being totally blown away by the ending, I had to finally see the movie.

However,after I finished that last page, for the very first time, I immediately turned back to the front of the book,and started reading it again, a 2nd time! Then ,not surprising to me, was the movie's ending is not at all like the book, but the movie is awesome as well.

Nobody could have portrayed Tom Joad better then Henry Fonda. I have since read the book numerous times,and then we did it for our bookclub one month. The only problem that hold me to give it a 5 star is that it has some moments when the author gives the impression that communism might the a solution to failing capitalism.

Well, I lived in communism some time and I can tell Mr. Steinbeck that this was not the correct solution. Of course that in the '30s he did not know that. Surullinen tarina. O elemento mais marcante: Ana Paula rated it it was amazing Jul 31, Marcelo Hamada rated it it was amazing Nov 29, Luis Amorim rated it really liked it Jan 25, Alexandra rated it it was ok Oct 09, Bruna Oliveira rated it really liked it Dec 20, Raluca rated it it was amazing Jul 15, Virginia Lazar rated it really liked it Oct 24, Alina Munteanu rated it it was amazing Jul 22, Rotnik rated it really liked it Dec 19, Antonela Cuguteac rated it it was amazing Jan 30, Claudiu D.

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About John Steinbeck. John Steinbeck. In all, he wrote twenty-five books, including sixteen novels, six non-fiction books and several collections of short stories. In Steinbeck received the Nobel Prize for Literature. Steinbeck grew up in the Salinas Valley region of California, a culturally diverse place of rich migratory and immigrant history.

This upbringing imparted a regionalistic flavor to his writing, giving many of his works a distinct sense of place.

Steinbeck moved briefly to New York City, but soon returned home to California to begin his career as a writer. Most of his earlier work dealt with subjects familiar to him from his formative years. An exception was his first novel Cup of Gold which concerns the pirate Henry Morgan, whose adventures had captured Steinbeck's imagination as a child.

In his subsequent novels, Steinbeck found a more authentic voice by drawing upon direct memories of his life in California. Later he used real historical conditions and events in the first half of 20th century America, which he had experienced first-hand as a reporter. Steinbeck often populated his stories with struggling characters; his works examined the lives of the working class and migrant workers during the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression.

His later body of work reflected his wide range of interests, including marine biology, politics, religion, history, and mythology.

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