INTERNET JOURNAL MYANMAR PDF
Internet Journal, Yangon, Burma. K likes. The Official Page of technology news journal reading by hundred of thousands of audiences in Myanmar. Myanmar Times Journal. Posted Date: 10/Apr/ Type: Daily News. Total Pages: View Count: Issue Date: 10/Apr/ All Myanmar Times Journal. Internet Journal is a weekly newspaper published in Burma. Internet journal myanmar pdf download. Latest Update - You can download myanmar journals.
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In the present paper, I explore how the Internet has affected the flow of information between in and outside Myanmar Burma. I show that there is a strong difference between the way information was presented before and after the introduction of the World Wide Web. Within the last century, the country has been marked by political instability Eliot, ; Freedom House, Particularly since its separation from British colonial rule in , Burma has witnessed significant political change, violence and unrest. Since the early s, Burma has essentially been an isolated state, with closed borders and a military government. However, the fall of the Berlin wall and the end of the Cold War seem to suggest that isolationism is growing less common worldwide.
Within a week of the initial images being taken in the remote compound in Karen State and loaded to Facebook, lobbying and exposure had resulted in the intervention of the Myanmar Minister of Religion Ye Mon a.
The gradual framing of the case as an example of Buddhist nation- alist sentiment which had been mobilised throughout the country in the months preceding the November elections also indicates the manner in which cases and incidents acquire additional layers of meaning as new actors share and reframe issues both online and offline.
In many ways the elections occurred first on Facebook, prior to any other media platform. Facebook also became an essential mechanism for citizen engagement with the electoral process.
Internet journal myanmar pdf
Facebook similarly became the focal point for one of the most dramatic events of the pre-election period—the late-night ouster of Lower House Speaker Shwe Mann from the chairmanship of the USDP.
Notably, USDP loyalists rarely showed this same enthusiasm online, potentially out of fear of abuse of regime party and military employees that had occurred elsewhere in the country. Aung San Suu Kyi released a number of her major speeches as short video clips on Facebook, which were subse- quently shared widely. Meanwhile, President Thein Sein posted several professionally produced video clips, including one comparing the bloody revolutions of the Arab Spring with the orderly, regime-led transition of Myanmar AFP The clip ended with the ominous phrase: Few official pages were set up by candidates, apparently chastened by directives to maintain a focus on the party rather than candidates—especially in the NLD.
Sections of the complex speech struck a conciliatory tone, cautioning against conflict and calling for peaceful co-existence between religions.
Within hours, a number of short two-minute excerpts from the speech began to circulate on Facebook, often shared by local NLD supporters and activists. After the elec- tions, when asked about whether the incoming NLD government could encounter difficulties navigating nationalist monks, local party activists in Taungoo responded hopefully: As of early over 40 Section 66 d cases had been launched against political party members, journalists, human rights activists or charity volunteers across the country for statements, articles or images posted online.
The fact that those accused of breaching Section 66 d can be imprisoned for months during court proceedings has caused significant concern. Despite this, senior NLD members have themselves launched legal proceedings against critics in the media for statements made on Facebook using the Act. The most prominent case commenced in November when NLD Yangon Chief Minister Phyo Min Thein took action against the executives of Eleven Media Group in response to Facebook posts suggesting he had received an expensive watch from a military-linked business- man.
Despite significant advancements in freedom of the press in Myanmar since , the esca- lating prospect of prosecution on the basis of statements, comments or jokes—true or false— made online is indicative of the place of Facebook in the popular and political psyche of contemporary Myanmar.
Since the case was commenced by Phyo Min Thein, there has been a proliferation of memes, cartoons and satirical articles circulating on Facebook referencing Section 66 d. Conclusion Myanmar is undergoing extraordinarily rapid transformation in the way that information, socio-political events and national identity is mediated, created and disseminated.
After decades of authoritarian rule, when it was exceedingly difficult to conduct research exploring the attitude, beliefs and identities of everyday people, the increasingly central role played by social media in Myanmar creates new opportunities and challenges for those seeking a prism into a society undergoing rapid social change.
As this chapter has shown, for many of those who are one of the rapidly growing number of mobile phone owners in Myanmar—of whom a sizeable proportion are internet users—access to social media has brought with it new mechanisms for the maintenance and deepening of pre-existing relationships as well as the creation of new ties and interests. Opportunities for social, cultural and political entrepreneurship are now offered as various actors seek to utilise the informality and reach of social media to raise the profile of various issues amongst both domestic and, occasionally, international audiences.
At a local level these processes are frequently reinforced by a rich sociology of welfare groups tied organisationally and discursively to religious networks and moral frameworks see McCarthy With rates of regular internet use only likely to increase in the coming years—especially in ethnic minority areas— researchers must engage with this evolving domain, enlisting a mixed-method toolbox of both quantitative and qualitative methods. Notes 1 The Union Solidarity and Development Association was converted to a regime-aligned political vehicle—the Union Solidarity and Development Party—to compete at the elections.
The money was not returned, however, appar- ently as it had already been spent on the purchase of teak for a new monastic building. This helped sort the market so that by July 80 per cent of Ooredoo users connected to the network via smartphone devices while Telenor reported only 80 per cent of its customers as active data users.
See Trautwein C.
The Myanmar Times, 28 April. In a fourth licence was issued to a conglomerate of Vietnamese and Myanmar businesses. See Khan, M. See McPherson et al. See Logan, S. A study by Heidel found more than , operating in almost every corner of the country.
Myanmar Internet Journal
See McCarthy and for a more detailed exploration of these dynamics. Democratic Voice of Burma, 14 September. The posts included six images—five depicting alleged assaults and attacks on Muslims in Myanmar including burning mosques, while the final was a photo of Muslim men wearing religious headwear handing sacks of rice to what appeared to be Buddhists affected by the floods.
Above the images was the caption: Available at: The case did factor in the voting judgements of a number of Karen Christian informants in central Myanmar, however, as they perceived the NLD as too reluctant to intervene on behalf of minority Christians.
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See Ye Mon b. He also used a Facebook post to announce his admission of defeat in the seat of Phyu after the election on 8 November.
See Freedom House. Republic of the Union of Myanmar, www. Democratic Voice of Burma, 16 December Frontier Myanmar, 4 December Coconuts Yangon, 8 December References BlackRibbonMM. The Myanmar Times, 4 November. Anderson, B. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. Aricat, R. Chiang Maig: Chiang Mai University. Aung Kyaw Nyunt.
The Myanmar Times, 19 July Aung Naing Soe. Coconuts Yangon, August Baum, M. Political Commu- nication 25 4: Bourgault, J. Centola, D. American Journal of Sociology 3: Chambers, J. The Myanmar Times, 18 August.
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