LACAN PDF PORTUGUES
Keywords: transitional object; object a; object relation; Winnicott; Lacan. Este artigo se propõe a mostrar possíveis aproximações entre o conceito de objeto a. cittadelmonte.info (Mb) Resumo. The present work seeks to elucidate the notion of Real in Lacan, from the first writings to the seminar VII, The Ethics of the . Este primeiro volume de Psicopatologia lacaniana, dedicado à semiologia, nasceu da constatação de que a literatura clínica disponível em língua portuguesa.
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texto em Português; nova página do texto(beta); Inglês (pdf) | Português (pdf) Throughout his teaching, Lacan referred at least twice to Parmenides, Plato's. The present work aims to show how Jacques Lacan carried out the reading of Plato's Parmenides in order to develop a logic based on the non-relationship and . Lacan, Poe, and French Theory Lydia H. Liu. A short text comes to our aid, from Edgar Poe, which the cyberneticists, I noticed, make something of. The text is in.
Le Roux has examined an earlier lecture Guilbaud presented at the Richelieu amphitheater of the Sorbonne on 24 March Toward a Theory of Hu- man Control. In the original lecture. Le Roux. What matters is logic. From antiquity. Quoted in Le Roux. In his study he mentions that half of that lecture was devoted to discussing the mathemat- ical theory of games. The Closed World: Air Force in as a joint venture with Douglas Aircraft.
See Martin J. Jacques Lacan. Barbara Bray New York. Cold War Laboratory: Even though his interest in game theory did not originate with Guilbaud. Its mandate was to study the techniques of air warfare. See Roudinesco. For a detailed analysis of game theory at RAND. Rationalizing Capitalist Democracy: This mathematical work in- spired similar experimental work carried out by the mathematicians at the RAND Corporation in the s.
RAND was founded by the U. Between London and Dover there is only one stop. Theory of Games and Economic Behavior. See von Neumann and Morgenstern. Let us recall that Holmes wants to get to Dover and thence to the Continent in order to escape from Moriarty.
Like the game of matching pennies. When boarding the train he sees Moriarty on the platform. Von Neumann and Morgenstern conclude that Moriarty would go to Dover with a probability of 60 percent whereas Player 1 chooses between a and b whereas Player 2 chooses between c and d.
Guilbaud points out. He then considers a two-player scenario in which the players are limited to two possible choices. Guilbaud suggests that a ruse plays a double role: He will get killed if he gets off the train at the same time as Moriarty. Holmes is thus faced with some hard decisions. Random choice thus plays the part of a defensive posi- tion. From this distinction follows yet another one between a move and a choice. The remaining 40 percent should account for the other alterna- tives in each case.
But if we sup- pose that the two players have been playing together for rather a long time we may ask what happens when. Guilbaud writes: Une premiere distinction est fondamentale: Random choice plays the part of a saddle point. Poe supposes that one of the two players is much more intelligent than his opponent and the analysis is therefore easy. It proves to be a more satisfying solution because it is a solu- tion based on probability and shows that equilibrium can be reached by stochastic choices.
Ou encore en termes equivalents: The only solution. The stochastic process is a sequence of random series that can be analyzed or formalized by mathematical procedure. The round-trip translation of the mathematical concept of stochastic into the French aleatory via cybernetic studies provides another interesting example of a similar lack of understanding.
Is this the reason that Poe is not Thus the round-trip movement of the Greek-derived English word stochastic into the Latin-derived French word aleatory and back into English generates a Latin-derived English word aleatory.
Game refers to the jeu to be played whereas play refers to a jeu that has been made. Sure enough. In fact. The word aleatory is seldom rendered back into stochastic when it returns to English via Derrida or Lacan in English translation. In the treatise of von Neumann and Morgenstern. The process has created a certain mystique and confusion surrounding the idea of the aleatory. In other words. Hence the subject is always on several levels.
He writes: By itself. He is himself an element in this chain which. See Roman Jakobson et al. See note Lacan is interested in how a sequence of random series. Preliminaries to Speech Analysis: The Distinctive Features and Their Correlates What Is Cybernetics? This is not the place to explain how the sequences are generated.. Valerie McKay New York. In other See Fink. The question is constituted. Are they alluding to yet another set of hidden ciphers?
It seems that the game of even and odd is not the only story that has ThisiswhatIwasreferringtowhenIstatedattheoutsetthatLacandeveloped a paradoxically nonlinguistic view of language and the symbolic order. If—from the numbers obtained by breaking up the series of digits [chiffres] in the chosen number. In it. It is interesting to speculate further why Lacan dwells on the series of eight trigrams and divination technology in his seminar.
Wenwu 4 The archaeological studies conducted by Chen Jiujing and Zhang Zhenguo date the appearance of the bagua arithmetic to five thousand years ago. That cipher is obliquely men- tioned. The eight trigram Sequences in the yin and yang.. See Chen Jiujing and Zhang Zhenguo. And what is the koua?
The eight trigram sequences in familiar binary code. Donald F. Quoted in Wiener. This knowledge may have helped him overcome the typical mental block that we encounter in most nonmathematicians in Western academia.
The invention of the trigrams and writing in China is attributed to Fu Xi. Leibniz did not know Chinese and believed that he had invented binary code.
The use of mathematical symbols for divination purposes is not unique in China and is very common throughout world civilizations. Lacan does not dismiss the belief in chance. Extensive knowledge of the Chinese language is not required. Lacan would later reconstruct the genealogy of cybernetics by tracing its origin to Pascal and Condorcet. The associations which then come to him bring to light significations which reverberate so neatly with his re- membrance.
Following Guilbaud. On 15 December I have adopted a narrow focus on one slice of that time. Lacan developed a new theory of language and that his privileging of letters. It remains to be seen how this new understanding of language and the symbolic order is articulated in relation to his rethinking of Freud and further to his discovery of the cybernetic unconscious.
Lacan posed a question: One of the most obvious phenomena discovered by the Freudian experience is exactly that. Lacan explains: This stochastic analysis of the Freudian experience is followed immediately by a critique of Hegel. See Mark C. Altarity Chicago. Mark Taylor suggests that the real for Lacan recognizes radical heterogeneity and is fundamentally theological.
Lacan paid lip service to linguistics. A more fruitful approach. Maurice Merleau-Ponty. There is indisputable evidence that.
I believe. Lacan draws on the telegraph to reflect further on the unconscious: Suppose that I send a telegram from here to Le Mans. See Wiener.
You know that that is how the admission of steam into a steam-engine is controlled.. The marbles. We have oscillation about a point of equilibrium. If it heats up too quickly. It turns quickly. From the standpoint of information theory.
The message must have time to turn around. In the course of working toward a generalized theory of the symbolic circuit. Shannon did most of his pathbreaking work at Bell Telephone Laboratories in —58 and continued to be affiliated with Bell Labs until Shannon and Warren Weaver. This is a familiar game of hunt-the- slipper in which the slipper or the message moves.
See Shannon and Weaver. Claude E. The Mathematical Theory of Communication Urbana. He became a professor at MIT in and taught there until his retirement in Shannon discovers a concept of the message relating to uncertainty and probability that is.
The Mathematical Theory of Communication. So a start was made. In a country as vast as the United States. With the sole caveat of preferring channel to wire.
Does the mind behave like a telephone exchange system or is it also a machine? No one cares about the meaning. It had nothing to do with knowing whether what people tell each other makes any sense. It is a matter of knowing what are the most economical conditions which enable one to transmit the words people recognise.
The Bell Telephone Company needed to economise. But one com- municates. That is where the quantifi- cation of communication started. But the difficulty that this concept of language presents is how language can be both far removed from speech and serve as the instrument of speech. One can imagine an indefinite number of levels.
Lacan came very close to answering yes as he speculated further about the nature of language and of the uncon- scious by reference to the cybernetic machine. Where is language? Lacan lost patience and complained: If one were to judge from the transcripts of the first few months of After a lively ex- change with the members of his seminar who seem genuinely confused about what the teacher was doing with the ideas of speech and language.
What gives it its signification is the moment when we stop the machine. These are the temporal breaks which we make in it. At one point. All this can circu- late in all manner of ways in the universal machine. Lacan gives an explanation as follows: The world of signs functions. Numbers have properties which are absolute. Lacan points to the binary numbers 1 and 0 as exemplifying a universal system of. You can bring a horse to water. If they are faulty. Now this comes very close to what we can conceive of as Zwang.
In the transcript itself. Lacan demonstrated how the unconscious. Lacan does not mention them by name. It is always ready to give a reply. What is a message inside a machine? Something which proceeds by opening and not opening. Like the prime number. There are two signs. At any given moment.
Lacan defines language as a system of signs in this programmable sense. See Heims. Thus in psychology. It is the first time that confusion as such—this tendency there is in communication to cease being a com- munication. It concerns what goes down the wires. Warren McCulloch and Walter Pitts. The Cybernetics Group.
Shannon has named this tendency entropy. Lacan then adds that there is a name for this breakdown. John Forrester.
To help explain this self-imposed blindness in the English-speaking world. If the science of the combinations of the scanned encounter has come to the attention of man. Here we come very close to the central question with which I began. Lacan begins to reflect on the sinister aspect of cy- bernetics and game theory and the political implications of these Ameri- can inventions: In keeping on this frontier the originality of what appears in our world in the form of cybernetics.
In this lecture. It is not for nothing that the same word designates such diverse fields as well as the game of chance. And it is not for nothing that it comes out of games of chance. The Seductions of Psychoanalysis: On 22 June What does this blind play of mirrors across the Atlantic tell us about the political unconscious of theory itself? Does it have some- thing to do with the reproduction and policing of the boundaries of aca- demic disciplines in the United States and elsewhere?
And it is not for nothing that game theory is concerned with all the functions of our economic life. Time and chance—the true meaning of historicity. But there is a question here: Will the theory of language and the theory of the unconscious be the same after the arrival of cybernetics? Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Amy Hollywood, Deconstructing Belief.
Jump to Page. Search inside document. The Cybernetic Unconscious: Liu A short text comes to our aid, from Edgar Poe, which the cyberneticists, I noticed, make something of.
Auguste Dupin Unconscious Mind. Documents Similar To Liu-Lacan. Andra Picus. Bismark Singh. Raul Cabrera. For the Lacan of Just like in a recent anecdote of the young man who, having at last found love, would never leave his smartphone just because of that.
Inhabited by a gap, the absence of sexual intercourse, which is a knowledge hole in the real, the language will never completely include in its networks what is offered to knowledge, the real always escapes.
It's impossible to make a whole with the signifiers, there's always at least One missing. According to Lacan, the Other is not to be confused with the whole, it does not make a whole One because it's "One-minus" , p. In other words, the Other does not exist, at least in the mathematical sense of the term, that exists as a consistent being.
However, language is not chaotic, in the sense of absence of order, it does not connect anything to anything, but it makes the One of something with something.
In the essay Logos , as a matter of fact translated to French by Lacan, Heidegger translates the Greek logos as discourse, stressing that the discourse allows one to see something as something, in that it takes place in conjunction with another.
O estatuto do real em Lacan: dos primeiros escritos ao seminário 7, "A ética da psicanálise".
As a set of signifiers, language demands that there are among those a particular separation and unity; otherwise, there would be no meaning. Then, where does the One which makes us meet the multiple as multiple Ones originate? And, above all, what does the One do in language? A problem of delimitation of the linguistic units whose delicacy Saussure considers in the Course in General Linguistics Just like in the game of chess, the pieces of language are only worth in their differences, ones in relation to the others, what makes it as hard as necessary to specify their units, since these are not given in advance.
They depend on the cut that, for example, makes you listen to "flower" instead of "flour". It is indeed what is at stake in what I call the master signifier" p. But wouldn't we find a safe definition for the One in the exact sciences? In a work that Lacan refers to quite a lot A question about the One that Lacan will continue through the borromean knot, introduced exactly in Made up by at least three rings, this one has two surprising properties: That is, they do not relate to each other.
Secondly, by simply removing one of the circles so that the chain falls apart.
However, in the borromean chain of three, the registers real, imaginary and symbolic are equivalent, any ring can take the place of the other, and the structure is in need of guidance. Well, three indistinct consistencies do not allow the subject to be represented by a signifier to another signifier, as they are confronted either with an absolute signifier, separated from the others, or with a signifier that represents all the others, without any differences.
For guidance, a subjective space representation, Lacan will determine that another ring is necessary. A duplication of the symbolic ring, this fourth ring has the function of giving a name to the hole of the symbolic, of substituting the inexistence of sexual intercourse. From the swarm " essaim ", in French homophonic to S1 of signifiers, it is necessary that at least One stands out, makes an exception, and works as a base so that the signifying chain preserves its referral function.
The function of naming that Lacan assigns to the father who nominates: Naming always fails, therefore it is symptomatic and thus implies the unconscious.
When a name intends to nominate all jouissance, just like the despot, it precludes the unconscious, the desire. In this change of perspective, it is altogether for Lacan something like "Instead of examining one signifier, examine the signifier One , p.
Let's go back now to " Yad'lun ". He calls our attention that this an ontologically "weak" phrase, neutral, and states that there is but not that it is , he changes into a question the relationship between the One and Being, between ontology the doctrine of the being and henology the doctrine of the One.
Therefore, to assert Yad'lun is to admit that language is discernible, and that there is a signifier: When Gertrude Stein was asked why she had written "A rose is a rose is a rose", she replied that, by repeating such a used word, she could then make the rose red again for the first time in over a hundred years in English poetry An eminently ambiguous proposition, Yad'lun does not include only the One of the symbolic, but also the One of the imaginary, of the similarity, of the merger, of the whole.
The fact that a signifier refers to another signifier is the principle on which free association is based, and this is where the One of the symbolic dissolves the imaginary units. But it hides that there is no relationship, but a separation among the elements of the signifying chain.
Yad'lun originates this One of the cut, of the non-relation, that Lacan calls the real One in Rather a letter than a signifier, the real One is not intertwined with the multiplicity that, through this One, is unified and distinguished. Although it merges the units of meaning, it does not lie in the units that it differentiates.
With this, for the Lacan of Lacan turns to Parmenides of Plato to build his logic. But, why Parmenides, why Plato? It's because each one of them took a step that Lacan considers conclusive. As to Parmenides,. Because a step had already been taken by Parmenides in this milieu where what was at stake in short was to know what was involved in the Real. We are all still there. After it had been said that there was air, water, earth, fire and that after that you just start up again, there was someone who noticed that, that the only common factor in all this substance that was at stake, was that it was sayable.
Thus, Parmenides made a cut in relation to all these discourses that tried to establish the being in a principle. He says that what's common among the beings is that they are sayable, it is the saying. Referring to Parmenides, Lacan adds the step of Plato:. The step taken by Plato is different.
It is to show that once you begin to say it in an articulated fashion, what is outlined in terms of structure, as we would say in our Eidos, which is wrongly translated as form, is something that already promises a tightening up, a circumscribing of what exists as a gap in what is said. For Lacan, the Platonic idea anticipates the signifier, works the real not as chaos but as a gap that its articulation tries to encircle, thus outside the framework of representation.
However, Lacan surprises us saying soon after that Plato is "A bit stupid". How come, Plato stupid? This leaves us a clue that the stupid "Wavers between two discourses" idem, ibidem. Which of those two would Plato waver? As we have seen, the second scene of Act one of Parmenides deploys precisely the criticism made by the philosopher under this name to the weaknesses of the theory of "participation" as an answer to the problem of the relationship between things and ideas.
In its irony, the dialogue thus breaks the seam between the discourse of the One and the discourse of Being brought by the theory of participation, so that we are led to the abyss of the non-being, of the impossibility of ontology.
Those are the concepts of the One, the Other, Being, the All e Not All and that Lacan will elicit from the reading of Parmenides , with the aim of forging what he calls "New logic - the one to be constructed from that which is not" , p. It is a logic of singularity, of the one by one, what might explain the refusal of ontology, identified by Lacan in the discourse of the master: Let us now turn to the hypotheses about the multiple unit raised in Parmenides.
Due to the impossibility to present the nine hypotheses in the space of an article, we will highlight just two of them. On the first hypothesis, "if it's one", we have seen that the verb to be here carries out the function of the copula. Therefore, it must be read as "if one is one", a statement in which the signifier one predicates itself.
From this hypothesis, one can infer in the referred dialogue that the one is not multiple, is not a whole nor has parts, that is not knowable or electable and that "it does not even have the necessary being to be one". The nor were multiplied to emphasize that the One is impredicable, it does not copulate with any other signifier. So we have a disjunction between Being and the One which we can represent by drawing two circles whose intersection is empty.
Analytical judgment that destroys the entity itself on which it affects, the first hypothesis leads to an impredicable One, the One beyond the being that the Neoplatonic Damascius will call "ineffable", a bladeless knife without a handle As for the second hypothesis, "if one is", it positions an existence, it is a sense of existence that Lacan translates as Yad'lun. This second hypothesis claims a reality, Yad'lun , to which all the predicates are assigned.
Therefore, the intersection Being and the One is not empty. Of course, this One without the predicates of the first hypothesis brings us to the barred subject of psychoanalysis, who lacks no substance, and is represented by one signifier to another signifier.
As for the Yad'lun of the second hypothesis, it takes us to the buzz of the swarm of the signifiers of lalingua, a prerequisite to any link that, while highlighting a S1 in this chaos, generates a possible order, organizes a discourse. To better understand this, let's return to the Course in General Linguistics In this compilation of lecture notes taken by compassionate disciples of Ferdinand de Saussure, the master states that he intends to establish Linguistics as a science, requiring to this end, to cut clear and precisely an object - the language - from the heteroclite, the chaotic field of language studies.
However, in one of Saussure's manuscripts about anagrams collected by Starobinski , we read the following:. People wished to base the science of Linguistics in clear language, in these manuscripts Saussure reveals how he was shocked by the fact that a clear idea has no place in Linguistics.
A central notion in the Course in General Linguistics , the value would depend on the equivalence, on the fact that we can change the signifier by the signified, yet the anagrams make us run into the mistake, with that which has no place in the Linguistics of the course. I wonder if something like that would not have occurred to Lacan's desire to make science, for he's an author marked by Saussure's readings.
In Lituraterre , Lacan conceives the function of the letter as an erosive one and not anymore like an inscription, thus resuming a Freudian metaphor of analytic action as sculptural activity: To better understand this excerpt, it is useful to take into account what Freud will write later about Leonardo da Vinci: Sculpting is carving, a work that produces debris, as well as the analytical operation on lalingua drops remains of jouissance, produces some, traits that are not articulated, neighborhood areas in which jouissance is lost.
This is because psychoanalysis is neither literal as mathematics, a pure combinatorial of letters devoid of sense, nor strictly rhetoric, argumentative, the case of hermeneutics, which make the meaning abound.
It is necessary to take a step further, to take into account the material cause: Finally, let's underline how strategic Lacan's step is when, by reading Parmenides , he undertakes this desubstancialization and fragmentation of the One: These are covered by the metaphysical obsession of the One, of the first and last unit of a one world, of a one-way direction etc. It is the irony of this dialogue, in which the character of Parmenides subverts, makes us experience beyond the thesis of the philosopher Parmenides, according to which the One and Being are synonymous, absolute, immovable and eternal terms.
Seuil, Fayard, PUF, Seuil , Plato and the Parmenides. FINK, E. Rio de Janeiro: Vozes, Abril, Obras completas Ed. Imago, Obras completasEd. Imago , Sobre a psicoterapia.