PREDATOR AT THE CHESSBOARD PDF
DOWNLOAD PDF. Report this file. Description. Download Predator at the Chessboard Book 1: The introduction Free in pdf format. cittadelmonte.info Predator at the chessboard is a great free online ebook on tactics if you. a site that's also available as a set of two books: Predator at the Chessboard. If you google "life and games of mikhail tal pdf" you should find a great book.
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A field guide to chess tactics for beginners, by Ward Farnsworth. It's a chess book for people who think they don’t like chess books. one for each of the great families of chess tactics: the fork.). FYI: In , Ward Farnsworth published a two-volume collection called Predator at The Chessboard: A Field Guide To Chess Tactics (Volume. Download Ward Farnsworth - Predator at the Chessboard (Volume 2).pdf.
The result is the same: The trains of thought offered in the commentaries emphasize the use of clues: Thus every example here is accompanied by commentary explaining not just the right moves but a train of thought that leads from the position to its solution. The explanations show how the same sets of questions. The rest of the site teaches their use in detail. For the beginner it therefore is helpful to see more than just a list of the correct moves that solve a chess problem.
Generally speaking a double threat is any move you make that presents your opponent with two problems at the same time. But the purpose is otherwise. But I suspect that those who do think best in words will find it helpful—more interesting.
These are matters of taste. If you are new to chess. Not everyone does. The explanations here are meant to explain and reinforce those ideas so they become a natural part of your thought process at the board. A second type of double threat. The universe of chess tactics can be divided into four or five great families of ideas. In effect you again are making a double threat—one threat against the piece in front and another against the piece behind it.
A loose piece is simply a piece that has no protection. He moves his king. When they put a piece onto a new square. Another key idea in chess is the loose piece. They do not necessarily involve the logic of the double threat in the way that those tactical devices just described do. These are treated in the last section of this site.
We will see countless examples in the studies to come. Many inexperienced players don't. Suppose your queen performs a fork. It is common for players to leave pieces unprotected here and there. You want to be aware of loose pieces on the board at all times. This occurs when you move one of your pieces out of the way of another so that both of them make separate attacks against your opponent.
We can turn this point into advice for practical play. And then there are countless other situations that may be lumped under the heading of removing the guard. But the same idea can be executed with your queen or with other pieces. Now you can use your queen to take his rook—if it is unprotected.
You play out the other one on your next move. We also are leaving aside a few other. This site is organized around them: Any piece your opponent has left unguarded is a possible target for a tactical strike. You no doubt have seen examples of knight forks if you have played chess for a while. A fifth family of tactical operations involves mating patterns: One successful fork or discovery.
As we shall see. But loose pieces make perfect targets for the double threats described a moment ago. A third family of tactical ideas involves the pin or skewer. The first family. The great chess writer Cecil Purdy stated the point as a rule: In effect most games of chess are contests to see who can find a way to use one of those tactical techniques first. The other pieces belonging to both sides gradually will be exchanged away.
I just had to realize this.
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But checks. It is to ask whether your piece has protection on its new square. They are the essence of tactical chess. In other words. You may not yet understand quite what it means to look for forks or pins. No doubt you have heard about good players seeing ahead five moves. Of course you might like to unleash a fork or discovery or skewer. This notion of forcing moves helps clear up some common confusions about chess.
Purdy's advice is different. Do you wait around for a fork to become available? This happens all the time. In this case I have seen ahead four moves. Once you grasp the idea of forcing moves it also is easier to understand how to come up with nifty tactical ideas during your games.
Another example: If the answer is no. Of course sometimes your opponent will have more than one plausible reply. Sometimes in chess you do whatever you want to do and then your opponent does whatever he wants to do.
Suppose I think like this: To each of my moves you only had one plausible reply. Other types of moves may be "forcing" as well. You don't look at these things just as ends in themselves. We will look at over a thousand tactical sequences. This usually makes it easy to see what a check will require your opponent to do. We can call this a combination. Then there is a denouement: All this talk of weaponry admittedly is abstract. This would be a sacrifice. Checks are the most forcing moves of all because your opponent is required to reply by moving his king.
The variations on this pattern are limitless. Your task is to imagine the board as it would look after your forcing moves and see if changes such as those would create tactical openings for you.
But it all starts by thinking about a simple capture you can make and its consequences. The rough structure of most of these sequences. As a result you are able to take a loose or underprotected enemy piece. It will become concrete in the studies that follow. At the end of our study of each tactical family and sometimes more often. They may open up lines that currently are cluttered. Gradually a pattern you recognize may emerge—the makings of a fork or discovery or other idea.
With practice this becomes second nature: The point of experimenting with forcing moves. Often you will look at your forcing moves and decide they lead nowhere. Looking at any checks and captures you have to offer is like looking for loose pieces on the board: Sometimes this is a matter of arranging your pieces so that they have more freedom of movement and denying the same freedoms to your opponent.
But strategy and tactics are linked. And since a check often forces your opponent to move his king. This site makes every effort to explain everything in words. This approach to describing captures should be easy to follow for readers already used to ordinary algebraic notation.
Sometimes in this book and routinely in other books a pawn move is described without bothering to name the square it came from: You can spend a lifetime building your understanding of those things and gaining skill at carrying them out under time pressure.
The real benefits of naming captures by the squares where they occur come when describing long sequences.. Despite the unpleasant label. This therefore is a good time for a reminder that if you want to skip any or all of that stuff. The vertical columns named by letters are called files. Hard Copies. This last point is the way that the notation here varies from the usual algebraic notation in other books. Algebraic notation normally describes a capture by just referring to the square where it occurs.
Notation and Jargon. So QxB means queen takes bishop. Those abbreviations are known in chess as notation. The approach used here is similar to the one used in Bobby Fischer Teaches Chess.
The only exception is the knight. The gripe I anticipate 1. Most of it can be figured out as you read. The rest of this introductory section will be discussing chess notation and jargon. The numbered horizontal rows are called ranks. Rxa5 means the rook captures the pawn on a5. Pawns are named by their squares. Pieces are named by their first letter. But as you get started it all may be more manageable if you consider these studies as variations on the single idea just described.
Squares are named by their coordinates— a4. We indicate promotion with an equal sign: Black recaptured with pawn on c6. I'll explain it if it ever gets used here—and in the meantime you easily can find an explanation of it elsewhere on the web. A plus sign after a move like this: Occasionally this approach also will be used just for clarity's sake even if there is no technical reason for confusion.
Thus a game might begin 1. So Rc8xN means the rook on c8 not some other rook captures the opponent's knight. Turning back to the notation rules. Black chased it with his pawn on the a-file. Sequences of moves are described in pairs. A " " sign after a move like this: I'll say more about this wherever it pops up. I regard this as a trivial complaint. Since rooks are more valuable than knights or bishops.
It often happens that a player can sacrifice a knight or bishop to win an enemy rook. White brought out his bishop. It's not that big a deal. The position on the left illustrates the result. I'm assuming you know what an en passant capture is. This also is known as leaving a piece en prise. This means that White started by moving his e-pawn forward two squares.
White replied by taking Black's knight. Now a couple of minor points that don't come up often. The Value of the Pieces. Has it occurred to you that they are the prey. First of all. But second and more to the point. Either that. This site assumes that you know how to play chess—in other words. If none of this helps. But to be on the safe side. If the size of the type on this site. I'm still working on making the type easy to read on every computer screen. About the Dinosaurs.
That is the sort of thinking this site means to encourage. After reading it for a while. Is this not a contradiction of some sort? In fact it isn't. The Microsoft browser produces slightly better results for some people sorry!
If you know that much. Check "Always use my fonts". Anything smaller will force you to use a slider bar to read the pages: Making the Site Easier to Read. I say. My apologies to those who don't have such an option.
If you are having trouble getting satisfactory results this way. Hardcover versions are available. One of the goals of this project is to take every problem that commonly arises in tactical play and illustrate its handling with a half dozen or so progressive illustrations.
We collaborated on the design. I now wish to thank two gentlemen. I hope they will be a convenience to those who prefer reading books to reading screens.
Chess Training Pocket Book Ault. The Chess Tutor Bain. Tim Feinstein Bibliography. The first is Alon Cohen. To find the positions needed for the purpose—roughly 1.
Many errors no doubt remain here and there. He caught many mistakes and made a lot of great suggestions. You wouldn't want to cross him at the chessboard. At the lower left of the publisher's site. There are a few notes at the end about some particular titles. I list them below. In everyday life he is far kinder than he appears in this picture.
Second—in alphabetical order only—is Tim Feinstein. Now it is. Many readers of the site have written to ask if the material it contains is available in hard copy. He is a man of surpassing energy. These are oversized paperbacks. The Art of Combination Tim is a generous teacher from whom I have learned much about the game. I have learned from all of them. First Book of Chess Ivaschenko. Checkmate Strategies Reinfeld. Winning Chess Pongo.
Test Your Tactical Ability Neishtadt. Tactical Targets in Chess Emms. The Heart of Chess Chernev. Winning At Chess Gillam. Combinational Motifs Blokh. Winning Chess Tactics Tal. Sharpen Your Tactics! Your Move Harding. The Art of Chess Combination Purdy.
The Mammoth Book of Chess Livshitz. The Search for Chess Perfection Reinfeld. Theme Artistry Gillam. Winning Chess Tactics for Juniors Horowitz. Your Move! Chess Tactics Burgess. Art of Attack in Chess ed. Chess Tactics for the Tournament Player Polgar. Logical Chess: Move by Move Chernev and Reinfeld.
Winning Chess Tactics Seirawan and Silman. The Art of the Checkmate Robertie. Tal-Botvinnik Vukovic. Combination Challenge Hays. Chess Better Chess for Average Players Hays. Chess Combinations Weeramantry. Bobby Fischer Teaches Chess Furst.
The books by Reinfeld and Hays probably are the best collections of positions to solve if you are looking for practice a number of positions from those books are discussed here. Seirawan and Silman's Winning Chess Strategies is another fine overview you may find helpful.
I suggest Chernev and Reinfeld's Winning Chess. How to Reassess Your Chess. Ault's The Chess Tutor. And for the reader simply looking for good. Heis- man offers a number of good online resources as well. The titles by Renaud and Kahn and by Chandler are terrific sources on mating patterns.
But I encourage you to check them out and make comparisons. Joseph Andrews But human life. Some Interesting Allusions to Chess. Life of Jonathan Wild the Great How impossible for human prudence to foresee and guard against every circumvention! It is even as a game of chess. For the reader looking to move on to the study of strategy.
Everyone's Second Chess Book by Dan Heisman also has a wealth of tips on strategy as well as other topics. Among books that offer instruction in words. The first two may be hard to find. Different people learn better from different writers. He is magnificent. I suggest checking out any of the writings of C. Many of the others are excellent. Life of Johnson There is one circumstance in Sir John's character of Bishop Still.
A few notes on these: Of course those books fill a somewhat similar niche to this site. Livshitz and Gillam also are excellent for that purpose. The Maniac Poets are commonly spoken of as psychologically unreliable. The Figure in the Carpet The figures on the chessboard were still the passions and jealousies and superstitions and stupidities of man. Mate in six moves.
Ward Farnsworth - Predator at the Chessboard (Volume 2).pdf
But look at two masters of that noble game! White stands well enough. Bleak House He is clear that every such person wants to depose him. Vulgar chess-players have to play their game out. Oliver Wendell Holmes.. Poets do not go mad. It has given us opportunity to cry 'check' in some ways in this chess game. Another sticks close to its own line of thought and follows it as far as it goes.
Moves are made upon the scientific and strategic boards. Oliver Wendell Holmes. If he be ever asked how. The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table The whole force of conversation depends on how much you can take for granted.
Most of the very great poets have been not only sane. One mind creeps from the square it is on to the next. The point that is really at issue remains untouched. Facts and history utterly contradict this view.
It is as though in the middle of a chess tournament one competitor should suddenly begin screaming that the other is guilty of arson or bigamy.
Imagination does not breed insanity. Just so in talking with first-rate men. Homage to Catalonia What purpose is served by saying that men like Maxton are in Fascist pay? Only the purpose of making serious discussion impossible. And an Exactly what does breed insanity is reason. The Poet at the Breakfast Table Men's minds are like the pieces on a chessboard in their way of moving.
On the strength of these profound views. Dracula So be it that he has gone elsewhere. The Conditions of Success There are exceptional cases. But that same knight.
Not with these names. It is a game of chess. It is not impossible. The Guardian Angel We often move to the objects of supreme curiosity or desire. But when it comes to the handling of a great state. With most men life is like backgammon. Sometimes an uncle or aunt lives over again in a nephew or niece. You can play checkers with a little community of meek.
Sometimes the character of the son can be traced directly to that of the father or of the mother. The men are not all pawns. You can play solitaire with the members of your own family for pegs. Over the Teacups Life is a very different sort of game. Ralph Waldo Emerson Inherited qualities move along their several paths not unlike the pieces in the game of chess. Sometimes the distinguishing characters pass from one sex to the other indifferently. But there is still another sort of intellect which is very apt to jump over the thought that stands next and come down in the unexpected way of the knight.
He never pushed a pawn without reckoning the cost. Sometimes a series of distinguished fathers follows in a line. The Knight Fork. Leaving two pieces to be forked by a knight on the next move is a blunder almost as bad as leaving a piece hanging outright.
Black to move Dg We begin our study of tactics with double attacks. The difficulty in fashioning a fork. The knight is roughly comparable in value to a bishop. We will refer to these as cases where you have a potential fork—a move that amounts to a fork on its face. In the skeletal diagram to the left. Such situations can be sorted into two general types. Fortunately knight forks a few steps away come in a finite number of types that you can learn to search for systematically and.
Forks have to be manufactured. White to move Dg Hence the strategic importance of planting knights on central and advanced squares. Every rank a knight moves forward tends to bring it closer to forking targets. Why start with the knight? Because it is an especially vicious and common forking tool. And we begin our study of double attacks with knight forks.
Later we will consider the clues that such possibilities for manipulation may exist and how they can be brought to fruition. In a moment we will catalogue those defensive measures and how to deal with them. Seeing Potential Forks.
If they 2. In the diagram on the left. For this purpose you will want a clear mental picture of the ring of eight squares that are the maximum to which a well-placed knight can move. You may be used to certain forking patterns: It's just an exercise in geometry: But it takes more care never to overlook a potential fork when the board is crowded and the pieces to be forked are not lined up so neatly on the same row.
Now to the matter of spotting knight forks in particular. White cannot deliver a fork. Now you can understand why having your knight near the edge of the board generally is bad policy: In cases like this it sometimes is possible to draw enemy pieces onto forkable squares with some forcing moves—most often with a check or two.
The first important thing is to see all such forks in the first place. Seeing only the obvious forking candidates is no good. Let's begin with ways of perfecting potential forks—in other words. Whether either of these forks "work" is another question the squares the knights need are guarded. By moving to c5 it can fork four White pieces find them. Thus in the diagram to the left. Another useful thing to know is that a knight may be able to attack an enemy target two different ways—but never more than two.
Practice broad-mindedness when you scan for forking prospects. This is a familiar pattern. To state the practical implication plainly. This is useful to remember because the first attacking idea you see with your knight may turn out not to be the best one—even against the same enemy piece.
Notice an important feature of the knight's movements: This is a valuable idea.
But that train of thought is premature. Thus the Black king and queen in the diagram to the left are on squares of the same color. It is especially important not to dismiss a possible fork automatically.
You want to separate the creative process of seeing that the geometry is there for a fork from the Dg White to move. Sometimes this will be a helpful way to alert yourself to forking opportunities. White's knight can attack the Black rook by moving to e4 or d5 and only the latter move creates a fork. As you do your scanning you will discover certain additional laws of knight moves that will become part of your visual vocabulary.
In the latter case you might quickly imagine that if you tried the fork the enemy would move his king and the pawn would not be worth taking. It means that two pieces can be forked by a knight only if they are on squares of the same color.
Can any two of them be forked by your knight? This only takes a moment. In the diagram. You want to see all of the possibilities every time they exist. An important example is that two pieces can't be forked if they are on the same diagonal with one square between them.
Thus in the diagram the White knight is three moves from being able to attack the Black king. This can be used to make your searching more efficient. There is a knight fork waiting for Black. Perhaps you don't. Start with the diagram. Much of the rest of this chapter is devoted to the editing process: Now ask: Is d5 protected?
So here is our method in this section: But all along you also want to build the visual habit of noticing every time your knight can attack two sensitive points at once. It's on the same line with its king. Our modus operandi is to look for double attacks with the knight and ask whether they can be made to work. If that isn't yet obvious to you. If it is. We will study pins in detail in later chapters. Having found Nf2 one way or another.
Again you might just look for knight moves. When you see a possible knight fork. It seems to be. This time you're playing the White pieces. This position is structurally about the same as the previous one. This means that if the rook moves it will expose its king to attack—which is to say that the rook can't legally move at all. A piece is pinned if it can't move without exposing the king or another valuable piece to attack.
It is. You find the Black rook and king. Notice first here that your knight is on a dark square. They can. But before worrying further you examine the pawn to see if it is constrained.
The Pinned Guard. It's guarding the bishop on g5. White would recapture. But then consider how the board would look if the bishop moved to d6 to take the knight. The point: White's rook on e3 is pinned—not to its king.
White has NxQ. This point applies to all tactical operations. But when White sends his knight off from e4 to d6. Here is an important twist. The general lesson: RxN—and then Black can play RxRe1. The bishop therefore was safe: White would recapture again. The next question is whether the square you need d6 is protected. You want to think not just about what your tactical moves will achieve in the way of material gains.
Black therefore needs to spend his next move taking his queen out of danger. Does he lose it? No—but only because once his knight ends up on b7. There is another point to consider here. So examine the rook and its freedom of movement. Now if Black plays BxB. His bishop back on g5 now is attacked twice and defended only once.
One way or another Black gains a pawn and the exchange. The important point here involves the work that your e4 knight is doing before it is sent off to inflict a fork.
[PDF] Ward Farnsworth - Predator at the Chessboard (Volume 2).pdf - Free Download PDF
But notice as well that f3 appears to be protected by the rook on e3. To be more precise. In this case. Ask if it can be captured. The point repeats: This time the lesson is that you do not just ask whether the troublesome piece currently is pinned. Is the square protected? Perhaps you nevertheless can get rid of it. So play goes 1. Then you can see that once the knight moves.
If White tries to first capture it with his own bishop. Exchanging Away the Guard. When you so imagine a move or exchange. A similar problem. The square appears to be protected by the pawn at d7.
White to move But again the trick is to imagine the fork. Sometimes the guardian of the forking square may be captured: Black to move The queen is not constrained by a pin—yet. A fork is indicated at e6. QxQ without this intermediate step. The hindrance is that the bishop at c8 protects the needed square. So White picks up a piece. We will study back rank mates in detail at various points later in this project they get a section to themselves toward the end.
Usually that will be his choice. The needed square is protected by one piece: Can White capture the bishop? After playing RxN. Doesn't this end the forking threat? It does. White to move Remember when you play a capture that your opponent may not be required to recapture. The thought process is identical: At the outset of the position the Black rook on d8 is the only piece protecting against this mating threat.
White loses the rook to f6xR. When you capture the f7 pawn at the beginning. The only difficulty is the pawn at f7 that guards the needed square. He might prefer to let the pawn go rather than play into your hands. That's often how. The usual color scan reveals a potential knight fork to be had at d6. The most obvious is simply to capture the pawn if you can. Your most advanced knight is on a light square. But this means that it is important to perform the exchange on f7 last so that the king ends its travels there.
Naturally Black might prefer to bow out of this sequence earlier. There are various things one can do about such problems. White ends up trading a knight and a rook for a queen and two pawns. You might imagine that the g6 pawn could be protected by Black's king. Thus 1. But if Black does move his king there.
White picks up a pawn that has been left loose by the sequence: Correct is 1. The pattern repeats. Black will use his king to recapture. Fortunately White has bishops attacking each of the two bothersome pieces. Now White replies e4xBd5. It is important to notice both. And then after Black recaptures RxN. This forces Black to play KxNe6. Ask if the square is safe. Will its recaptures ruin the forking opportunity? Not necessarily. White mates in three moves.
White sacrificed a rook to the cause. Black has no good replies. How many times? Twice—by the bishop at f8 and the knight at f7. What happens next? Unless you can eliminate both defenders of f7. Before you do anything you ask whether the needed square is protected.
The natural thought is to try QxQ. But what if none of your pieces are trained on the enemy pieces doing the guarding? Then capturing the guard won't work. White's rook on d1 attacks the Black rook on d8. Maybe one of those moves is right. So when White plays the fork. When you consider a sequence that involves more than one exchange. And it gets better still: In the positions we just considered. But if Black begins with QxR.
The point to take away from this example. So imagine taking out one of them. Here's a good one: But the needed square is under protection—twice.
If QxN. Your initial impulse might be to retreat your queen or play QxQ. Each of the defenders is attacked once: In that case— which is normal—the tactic still must be counted a success. Submit a new text post. Get an ad-free experience with special benefits, and directly support Reddit. Abusive behaviour and discrimination against others will not be tolerated. Do not post content, memes, jokes, videos or images that don't offer useful chess insight.
If you post your own games, include your own annotations. Don't ask for advice about games in progress. Chess Spoiler format for problem answers etc. Spoiler text! Do not post NSFW material. Welcome to Reddit, the front page of the internet. Become a Redditor and subscribe to one of thousands of communities. Want to add to the discussion? Post a comment! Create an account. Not sure if it's exactly what you're looking for, but here you go:
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