cittadelmonte.info Science Rainwater Harvesting Project Pdf

RAINWATER HARVESTING PROJECT PDF

Sunday, April 28, 2019


of water and if we can harvest rain water, the scarcity of water can by IRICEN to propagate the concept of rain water harvesting .. low cost housing projects). Assessment of Best Practises and Experience in Water Harvesting. Rainwater .. micro catchment. 1 Pilot Project On Water Harvesting In The IGAD Region, P modern benefit, harvesting rainwater for non-drinking water uses is gaining more elaborate rainwater harvesting storage systems available to capture rooftop .


Rainwater Harvesting Project Pdf

Author:THAO MUSTIAN
Language:English, Spanish, Arabic
Country:Mozambique
Genre:Science & Research
Pages:769
Published (Last):02.10.2015
ISBN:686-7-51672-571-8
ePub File Size:27.37 MB
PDF File Size:14.71 MB
Distribution:Free* [*Regsitration Required]
Downloads:29855
Uploaded by: SALLIE

A PROJECT REPORT ON RAINWATER HARVESTING AT LINGAYA'S UNIVERSITY in partial fulfillment for the award of the degree Of BACHELOR OF. PDF | These TechNotes are intended to provide general information for the consideration of design strategies. Rainwater harvesting is an excellent means of Rainwater harvesting projects contribute to. P a g e | 7. PDF | Design of Rainwater harvesting system for Lingayas university Campus, faridabad.

Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Amit Vashisth. GARG Prof. The most pleasant point of presenting a thesis is the opportunity to thank those who have contributed to it. Unfortunately, the list of expressions of thank no matter how extensive is always incomplete and inadequate.

India has an aggregate yearly accessibility of inexhaustible new water of 2. The conservative utilization of water must be advanced both in the created and the creating social orders. Horticulture represents 80 percent of all water use in the creating social orders. India's per capita water accessibility in was m3 contrasted and , for Canada, for US and for Japan.

These nations have possessed the capacity to outfit vast parts of their water assets through legitimate administration. Shockingly, we have not possessed the capacity to make legitimate use of our water assets, prompting enormous water worry in numerous parts of India.

Starting today, the nation is encountering perpetual water deficiencies, and the influenced region is probably going to increment essentially by We can't stand to ignore the bona fide requirement for ideal usage of water assets. Legitimate administration and usage of water assets have turned into a noteworthy worldwide issue with huge ramifications for populace arranging, welfare, social solidness and peace. Today because of rising populace and temperate development rate, requests for the surface water is expanding exponentially.

Because of this reality the wellsprings of water are being abused; which will eventually bring about water deficiency all around the globe. Here is a pictorial investigation indicating locales influenced by water lack in year and those which will be influenced by the water deficiency by year Water gathering is by all accounts an ideal swap for surface and ground water as later is worried about the increasing expense and additionally biological issues.

In this manner, water reaping is a savvy and moderately lesser complex method for dealing with our restricted assets guaranteeing supported long haul supply of water to the group.

Keeping in mind the end goal to battle with the water shortage, numerous nations began reaping precipitation. Real players are Germany Biggest reaping framework in Germany is at Frankfurt Airport, gathering water from tops of the new terminal which has a huge catchment region of 26, m2 , Singapore as normal yearly precipitation of Singapore is mm, which is high and most appropriate for water collecting application , Tokyo as RWH framework saves water which can be used for crisis water requests for seismic catastrophe , and so forth.

In a few sections of the world, nonetheless, water is being utilized at a considerably speedier rate than can be refilled by precipitation. In , the per capita water accessibility in India will be decreased to cubic meters from of every The United Nations cautions that this lack of freshwater could be the most genuine snag to creating enough nourishment for a developing total populace, lessening neediness and ensuring the earth.

Rainwater harvesting

Henceforth the water shortage will be a basic issue on the off chance that it isn't dealt with now in its shelled nut organize. Differentiating figures of water shortage in world between two course of events and are appeared in the fig. Add up to topographical region of the area is sq. The locale is predominantly depleted by the waterways Yamuna, which is an enduring adjacent to this various little streams starts from the slope scopes of the focal parts of the locale , which don't meet any real stream or Rivers yet vanishes in the penetrable stores of alluvial fields subsequent to crossing some separation.

The waste of the region resembles a dendrite fit as a fiddle and is sub parallel to sub-rakish example. Deliberate hydro topographical studies in the locale was done by Geological Survey of India amid Re-Appraisal.

Hydro Geological Surveys in the locale were completed by Central Ground Water Board, amid , and and point by point hydro geographical and water adjust ponders were completed under Ghaggar and Upper Yamuna Projects. Ground water investigation has been completed in different stages thus far 5 exploratory wells, 15 thin gaps and 15 piezometers have been developed in the region. Because of nearness to Delhi and movement of rustic populace, the number of inhabitants in Faridabad has expanded commonly.

Because of enormous increment in populace, Ground Water deliberation structures and non-controlled extraction of Ground Water, Water levels have indicated consistent declining pattern. There are around students studying in the main campus, whose daily requirement has to be served. Due to this fact there can be a possible water shortage in the future. The nearby water-tables are being exploited daily at a fast pace. And there are fields in the nearby area which require this water. So this create a situation here of the usage of the rainwater.

This huge area can be utilized for the purpose of Rainwater Harvesting. With the annual rainfall of around mm and an intensity of 20mm per hour in this area of Faridabad provides good opportunities to harvest the rainwater.

The main campus consists of nine buildings namely 1. Main Building 2. Komati Block 3. Canteen 4. Workshop 5. Science Block 6. Computing Block 7. Block 9. The open area of main playground will serve as the location for the storage Recharge Well for water collected in buildings mentioned above. The regular parts of a water collecting framework are: The surface which straightforwardly gets the precipitation and gives water to the framework is called catchment zone.

It can be a cleared region like a patio or yard of a building, or an unpaved zone like a garden or open ground. A rooftop made of fortified bond concrete RCC , excited iron or layered sheets can likewise be utilized for water gathering. Coarse Mesh: It keeps the section of flotsam and jetsam, gave in the rooftop. Channels which encompasses edge of a slanting rooftop to gather and transport water to the capacity tank. Canals can be semi-round or rectangular and for the most part made locally from plain aroused iron sheet.

Drains should be upheld so they don't hang or tumble off when stacked with water. The manner by which canals are settled basically relies upon the development of the house, for the most part iron or timber sections are settled into the dividers. Conduits are pipelines or channels that convey water from the catchment or housetop zone to the collecting framework.

Generally accessible courses are comprised of material like polyvinyl chloride PVC or electrifies press GI. Components of Rainwater Harvesting system 5. To begin with flushing: A first flush gadget is a valve which guarantees flushing out of first spell of rain far from the capacity tank that conveys a moderately bigger measure of contaminations from the air and catchment surface. The channel is utilized to expel suspended poisons from water gathered from housetop water. There are different alternatives accessible for the development of these tanks regarding the shape, estimate, material of development and the situation of tank and they are: Cylindrical, square and rectangular.

Material of development: Reinforced bond concrete RCC , stone work, Ferro concrete and so forth. Position of tank: Depending ashore space accessibility these tanks could be built over the ground, somewhat underground or completely underground. Some support measures like purification and cleaning are required to guarantee the nature of water put away in the holder.

Revive structures: Rainwater Harvested can likewise be utilized for charging the groundwater aquifers through reasonable structures like burrowed wells, bore wells, energize trenches and energize pits. Different energize structures are conceivable - some which advance the permeation of water through soil strata at shallower profundity e. At numerous areas, existing structures like wells, pits and tanks can be adjusted as revive structures, killing the need to build any new structures.

Storage of water on surface for sometime later. Revive to ground water. The capacity of rain water on surface is a customary procedures and structures utilized were underground tanks, lakes, check dams, weirs and so on.

Energize to ground water is another idea of rain water collecting and the structures for the most part utilized are: These are built 1 to 2 m, wide and to 3 m. Trench might be 0. These are refilled with channel. Dug wells: Hand pumps: Water should go through channel media before redirecting it into hand pumps.

Recharge wells: Recharge Shafts: Lateral shafts with bore wells: The sidelong shafts is inlayed with rocks, rock and coarse sand. Spreading procedures: Strategies for manufactured revive in urban territories: Water spreading 2. Recharge through pits, trenches, wells, shafts 3. Roof best gathering of water 4. Road best gathering of water Initiated energize from surface water bodies Components of Consideration 1.

The catchment zone and capacity limit of a framework are generally little. There is an awesome variety in climate. Amid a drawn out dry spell, the capacity tank may become scarce.

Maintenance of water gathering frameworks, and the nature of gathered water, can be troublesome for clients. Extensive improvement of water reaping frameworks may decrease the wage of open water frameworks. Rainwater use has not been perceived as an option of water supply framework by the general population segment.

Governments regularly do exclude water use in their water administration arrangements, and residents don't request water usage in their groups.

Rainwater capacity tanks might be a risk to kids who play around it. Rainwater capacity tanks may consume up profitable room. Thus to increase the potential, benefits of this system and draw maximum advantages from it, we need to have large rooftop areas which will be going to act as catchment areas.

To begin with flushing: A first flush gadget is a valve which guarantees flushing out of first spell of rain far from the capacity tank that conveys a moderately bigger measure of contaminations from the air and catchment surface.

The channel is utilized to expel suspended poisons from water gathered from housetop water. There are different alternatives accessible for the development of these tanks regarding the shape, estimate, material of development and the situation of tank and they are: Cylindrical, square and rectangular. Material of development: Reinforced bond concrete RCC , stone work, Ferro concrete and so forth.

Position of tank: Depending ashore space accessibility these tanks could be built over the ground, somewhat underground or completely underground. Some support measures like purification and cleaning are required to guarantee the nature of water put away in the holder.

Revive structures: Rainwater Harvested can likewise be utilized for charging the groundwater aquifers through reasonable structures like burrowed wells, bore wells, energize trenches and energize pits. Different energize structures are conceivable - some which advance the permeation of water through soil strata at shallower profundity e. At numerous areas, existing structures like wells, pits and tanks can be adjusted as revive structures, killing the need to build any new structures. Storage of water on surface for sometime later.

Revive to ground water.

The capacity of rain water on surface is a customary procedures and structures utilized were underground tanks, lakes, check dams, weirs and so on. Energize to ground water is another idea of rain water collecting and the structures for the most part utilized are: These are built 1 to 2 m, wide and to 3 m. Trench might be 0.

Rainwater harvesting - Wikipedia

These are refilled with channel. Dug wells: Hand pumps: Water should go through channel media before redirecting it into hand pumps. Recharge wells: Recharge Shafts: Lateral shafts with bore wells: The sidelong shafts is inlayed with rocks, rock and coarse sand. Spreading procedures: Strategies for manufactured revive in urban territories: Water spreading 2.

Recharge through pits, trenches, wells, shafts 3. Roof best gathering of water 4. Road best gathering of water Initiated energize from surface water bodies Components of Consideration 1. The catchment zone and capacity limit of a framework are generally little. There is an awesome variety in climate. Amid a drawn out dry spell, the capacity tank may become scarce. Maintenance of water gathering frameworks, and the nature of gathered water, can be troublesome for clients.

Extensive improvement of water reaping frameworks may decrease the wage of open water frameworks. Rainwater use has not been perceived as an option of water supply framework by the general population segment. Governments regularly do exclude water use in their water administration arrangements, and residents don't request water usage in their groups.

Rainwater capacity tanks might be a risk to kids who play around it. Rainwater capacity tanks may consume up profitable room. Thus to increase the potential, benefits of this system and draw maximum advantages from it, we need to have large rooftop areas which will be going to act as catchment areas. More the catchment areas more will be the surface runoff and thus more will be the amount of harvested water.

Therefore as much as possible, we have included and considered all the major buildings having large rooftop areas. Hence, study areas includes all the 9 block, 1 playground, 1 workshop. During three months of south west monsoon from last week of June to September, the moist air of oceanic penetrate into the district and causes high humidity, cloudiness and monsoon rainfall. The period from October to December constitutes post monsoon season.

The cold weather season prevails from January to the beginning of March and followed by the hot weather or summer season which prevails up to the last week of June. The normal annual rainfall in Faridabad district is about mm spread over 27 days.

Normal Annual Rainfall: Catchment areas of the different hostels and Institutional departments are measured. Before using the tape, tape was checked for any zero error and also length of the tape was also carefully checked for its accuracy. Those places which area not accessible to land on, are measured by using the ruler from tool box of ,Google Earth. Given below the table no. Main Building Komati 3. Girls hostel 4.

Staff Quarters Computing Block Science Block Workshop Canteen Darcy, a French scientist enunciated in , a law governing the rate of flow i. According to him, this discharge was directly proportional to head loss H and the area of cross-section A of the soil, and inversely proportional to the length of the soil sample L.

Similarly, based on the above principle, water harvesting potential of the catchment area was calculated. The total amount of water that is received from rainfall over an area is called the rainwater legacy of that area. The formula for calculation for harvesting potential or volume of water received or runoff produced or harvesting capacity is given as: Runoff coefficient accounts for losses due to spillage, leakage, infiltration, catchment surface wetting and evaporation, which will all contribute to reducing the amount of runoff.

Runoff coefficient varies from 0. In present problem statement, runoff coefficient is equal to 1 as the rooftop area is totally impervious. Eco-Climatic condition i. Given below the table showing the value of runoff coefficient with respect to types of surface areas: Annual Rainwater Harvesting Potential: The td below tabular form of which have been represented: G block 0. So calculations will be as follows: It is represented in tabular form as follows: BLOCK Now we will design the discharge pipe for the maximum condition that can occur in the main building and then rest of the buildings will be provided with the same data of the discharge pipe.

Now as mentioned earlier the initial velocity of Rainwater entering in the R. We will provide Discharge pipes also of mm diameter. WE will provide P. The diagrams of various buildings showing the exact location of the Rain Water Pipes has been shown below block wise: Time of Concentration.

Maximum water to be stored at the longest rainfall with chocked filters. Time of Concentration It is a fundamental hydrology parameter and used to compute the peak discharge for catchments. The peak discharge is a function of the rainfall intensity of particular return period and duration. Time of concentration is the longest time required for the a water to travel in catchments and reach to outlet point in our case, roof top and length of drain to recharge pit.

The mathematical equation used for calculation of time of concentration requires inputs for the longest watercourse length in the watershed catchments area L , the average slope of that watercourse S. The average value of slope will be different for different surfaces e. Roof, road, lawn, drain etc.

Usually L and S can be obtained from architectural drawing of the building and if drawings are not available then by assessment. The Tc is generally defined as the time required for a drop of water to travel from the most hydro- logically remote point in the sub-catchments to the point of collection A time of concentration value is essential to determine critical intensity of rainfall because maximum discharge will occur for rainfall intensity of duration equal to the time of concentration.

Schwab John Wiley. Main building 0. So the total time of concentration will be the submission of all the values of T C which comes out to be approximately 1. But we will design the Recharge Well 1. The possible dimensions of which can be of 10m in diameter d and 6 m in depth h. Maximum water to be stored at the longest rainfall with chocked filters This is the second criteria of filter design in which it is assumed that all the rain water is to be stored in the recharge well for sometime before it recharges the water tables below by assuming the fact that all the filters are chocked and water has to be stored for some while.

For this we first need to calculate the maximum duration of the rainfall. These nations have possessed the capacity to outfit vast parts of their water assets through legitimate administration. Shockingly, we have not possessed the capacity to make legitimate use of our water assets, prompting enormous water worry in numerous parts of India. Starting today, the nation is encountering perpetual water deficiencies, and the influenced region is probably going to increment essentially by We can't stand to ignore the bona fide requirement for ideal usage of water assets.

Legitimate administration and usage of water assets have turned into a noteworthy worldwide issue with huge ramifications for populace arranging, welfare, social solidness and peace.

Today because of rising populace and temperate development rate, requests for the surface water is expanding exponentially. Because of this reality the wellsprings of water are being abused; which will eventually bring about water deficiency all around the globe. Here is a pictorial investigation indicating locales influenced by water lack in year and those which will be influenced by the water deficiency by year Water gathering is by all accounts an ideal swap for surface and ground water as later is worried about the increasing expense and additionally biological issues.

In this manner, water reaping is a savvy and moderately lesser complex method for dealing with our restricted assets guaranteeing supported long haul supply of water to the group. Keeping in mind the end goal to battle with the water shortage, numerous nations began reaping precipitation. Real players are Germany Biggest reaping framework in Germany is at Frankfurt Airport, gathering water from tops of the new terminal which has a huge catchment region of 26, m2 , Singapore as normal yearly precipitation of Singapore is mm, which is high and most appropriate for water collecting application , Tokyo as RWH framework saves water which can be used for crisis water requests for seismic catastrophe , and so forth.

In a few sections of the world, nonetheless, water is being utilized at a considerably speedier rate than can be refilled by precipitation. In , the per capita water accessibility in India will be decreased to cubic meters from of every The United Nations cautions that this lack of freshwater could be the most genuine snag to creating enough nourishment for a developing total populace, lessening neediness and ensuring the earth.

Henceforth the water shortage will be a basic issue on the off chance that it isn't dealt with now in its shelled nut organize. Differentiating figures of water shortage in world between two course of events and are appeared in the fig.

Add up to topographical region of the area is sq. The locale is predominantly depleted by the waterways Yamuna, which is an enduring adjacent to this various little streams starts from the slope scopes of the focal parts of the locale , which don't meet any real stream or Rivers yet vanishes in the penetrable stores of alluvial fields subsequent to crossing some separation.

The waste of the region resembles a dendrite fit as a fiddle and is sub parallel to sub-rakish example. Deliberate hydro topographical studies in the locale was done by Geological Survey of India amid Re-Appraisal. Hydro Geological Surveys in the locale were completed by Central Ground Water Board, amid , and and point by point hydro geographical and water adjust ponders were completed under Ghaggar and Upper Yamuna Projects.

Ground water investigation has been completed in different stages thus far 5 exploratory wells, 15 thin gaps and 15 piezometers have been developed in the region. Because of nearness to Delhi and movement of rustic populace, the number of inhabitants in Faridabad has expanded commonly. Because of enormous increment in populace, Ground Water deliberation structures and non-controlled extraction of Ground Water, Water levels have indicated consistent declining pattern.

There are around students studying in the main campus, whose daily requirement has to be served. Due to this fact there can be a possible water shortage in the future. The nearby water-tables are being exploited daily at a fast pace. And there are fields in the nearby area which require this water. So this create a situation here of the usage of the rainwater. This huge area can be utilized for the purpose of Rainwater Harvesting.

With the annual rainfall of around mm and an intensity of 20mm per hour in this area of Faridabad provides good opportunities to harvest the rainwater. The main campus consists of nine buildings namely 1. Main Building 2. Komati Block 3. Canteen 4. Workshop 5. Science Block 6. Computing Block 7. Block 9. The open area of main playground will serve as the location for the storage Recharge Well for water collected in buildings mentioned above.

The regular parts of a water collecting framework are: The surface which straightforwardly gets the precipitation and gives water to the framework is called catchment zone. It can be a cleared region like a patio or yard of a building, or an unpaved zone like a garden or open ground. A rooftop made of fortified bond concrete RCC , excited iron or layered sheets can likewise be utilized for water gathering.

Coarse Mesh: It keeps the section of flotsam and jetsam, gave in the rooftop. Channels which encompasses edge of a slanting rooftop to gather and transport water to the capacity tank. Canals can be semi-round or rectangular and for the most part made locally from plain aroused iron sheet. Drains should be upheld so they don't hang or tumble off when stacked with water. The manner by which canals are settled basically relies upon the development of the house, for the most part iron or timber sections are settled into the dividers.

Conduits are pipelines or channels that convey water from the catchment or housetop zone to the collecting framework. Generally accessible courses are comprised of material like polyvinyl chloride PVC or electrifies press GI.

Components of Rainwater Harvesting system 5. To begin with flushing: A first flush gadget is a valve which guarantees flushing out of first spell of rain far from the capacity tank that conveys a moderately bigger measure of contaminations from the air and catchment surface. The channel is utilized to expel suspended poisons from water gathered from housetop water. There are different alternatives accessible for the development of these tanks regarding the shape, estimate, material of development and the situation of tank and they are: Cylindrical, square and rectangular.

Material of development: Reinforced bond concrete RCC , stone work, Ferro concrete and so forth. Position of tank: Depending ashore space accessibility these tanks could be built over the ground, somewhat underground or completely underground.

Some support measures like purification and cleaning are required to guarantee the nature of water put away in the holder. Revive structures: Rainwater Harvested can likewise be utilized for charging the groundwater aquifers through reasonable structures like burrowed wells, bore wells, energize trenches and energize pits. Different energize structures are conceivable - some which advance the permeation of water through soil strata at shallower profundity e.

At numerous areas, existing structures like wells, pits and tanks can be adjusted as revive structures, killing the need to build any new structures. Storage of water on surface for sometime later. Revive to ground water. The capacity of rain water on surface is a customary procedures and structures utilized were underground tanks, lakes, check dams, weirs and so on.

Energize to ground water is another idea of rain water collecting and the structures for the most part utilized are: These are built 1 to 2 m, wide and to 3 m. Trench might be 0. These are refilled with channel. Dug wells: Hand pumps: Water should go through channel media before redirecting it into hand pumps.

Recharge wells: Recharge Shafts: Lateral shafts with bore wells: The sidelong shafts is inlayed with rocks, rock and coarse sand. Spreading procedures: Strategies for manufactured revive in urban territories: Water spreading 2. Recharge through pits, trenches, wells, shafts 3. Roof best gathering of water 4.

Road best gathering of water Initiated energize from surface water bodies Components of Consideration 1. The catchment zone and capacity limit of a framework are generally little. There is an awesome variety in climate. Amid a drawn out dry spell, the capacity tank may become scarce. Maintenance of water gathering frameworks, and the nature of gathered water, can be troublesome for clients.

Extensive improvement of water reaping frameworks may decrease the wage of open water frameworks. Rainwater use has not been perceived as an option of water supply framework by the general population segment.

Governments regularly do exclude water use in their water administration arrangements, and residents don't request water usage in their groups.

Rainwater capacity tanks might be a risk to kids who play around it. Rainwater capacity tanks may consume up profitable room. Thus to increase the potential, benefits of this system and draw maximum advantages from it, we need to have large rooftop areas which will be going to act as catchment areas. More the catchment areas more will be the surface runoff and thus more will be the amount of harvested water. Therefore as much as possible, we have included and considered all the major buildings having large rooftop areas.

Hence, study areas includes all the 9 block, 1 playground, 1 workshop. During three months of south west monsoon from last week of June to September, the moist air of oceanic penetrate into the district and causes high humidity, cloudiness and monsoon rainfall.

CHAN from Hawaii
See my other articles. I have always been a very creative person and find it relaxing to indulge in snooker plus. I relish reading books kiddingly.