BUILDING CODE PDF
The New National Building Code - Free download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File ( .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. National Building Code PD - cittadelmonte.info - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online. REGULATIONS. OF THE. NATIONAL BUILDING CODE. OF THE PHILIPPINES. ( PD ). OFFICIAL TEXT. REVISED EDITION. INCLUDES. • NBCDO.
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adoption of a uniform building code which shall embody up-to-date and modern Institute a National Building Code of the Philippines”, the same does not. It appears your Web browser is not configured to display PDF files. Download adobe Acrobat or click here to download the PDF file. 3/31/ National Building Code Philippines Chapter 1 General Provisions Philippine Architecture College and University Notes UST UPD FEU UE S.
Agustin S. Torres, mpm Member: Sect Other Remedies. LOT NO. Date Issued Place Issued. P age No.
Masonry chimneys for medium-heat appliances shall be constructed of solid masonry units of reinforced concrete not less than 20 centimeters 8 inches thick, except that stone masonry shall be not at less than 30 centimeters 12 inches thick and, in addition shall be lined with not less than 10 centimeters 4 inches of firebrick laid in a solid bed of fire clay mortar with solidity filled head, bed, and wall joints, starting not less than 60 centimeters 2 feet below the chimney connector entrance and extending for a distance of at least 7.
Chimneys extending 7. Masonry chimneys for high-heat appliances shall be constructed with double walls of sold masonry units of reinforced concrete not less than 20 centimeters 8 inches in thickness, with an air space of not less than 5 centimeters 2 inches between walls. The inside of the interior walls shall be of firebrick not less than 10 centimeters 4 inches in thickness laid in a solid bid of fire clay mortar with solidly filled head, bed and wall joints.
Chimneys for incinerators installed in multi-story buildings using the chimney passageway as a refuse chute where the horizontal grate area of combustion chamber does not exceed 0. If the grate area of such an incinerator exceeds 0.
Masonry chimneys for commercial and industrial-type incinerators of a size designed for not more than kilograms pounds or refuse per hour and having a horizontal grate area not exceeding 0. If the design capacity or grate area of such an incinerator exceed kilograms pounds per hour and 0.
The lining shall extend from 20 centimeters 8 inches below the lowest inlet or, in the case of fireplaces, from the throat of the fireplace to a point above enclosing masonry walls. Fire clay chimney linings shall be installed ahead of the construction of the chimney as it is carried up, carefully bedded one on the other in fire clay mortar, with close-fitting joints left so smooth on the inside.
Firebrick not less than 5 centimeters 2 inches thick may be used in place of fire clay chimney. No chimney passageway shall be smaller in area than the vent connection on the appliance attached thereto. Every masonry chimney shall extend at least 60 centimeters 2 feet above the part of the roof through which it passes and at least 60 centimeters 2 feet above the highest elevation of any part of a building within 3.
No masonry chimney shall be corbel from a wall more than 15 centimeters 6 inches nor shall a masonry chimney be corbeled from a wall which is less than 30 centimeters 12 inches in thickness unless it projects equally on each side of the wall.
In the second story of a two-story building of Group A Occupancy, corbeling of masonry chimneys on the exterior of the enclosing walls may equal the wall thickness. In every case the corbeling shall not exceed 2. No change in the size or shape of a masonry chimney where the chimney passes through the roof shall be made within a distance of 15 centimeters 6 inches above or below the roof joists or rafters.
When more than one passageway is contained in the same chimney, masonry separation at least 10 centimeters 4 inches thick bonded into the masonry wall of the chimney shall be provided to separate passageways. Combustible materials shall not be placed within 5 centimeters 2 inches of smoke chamber walls or masonry chimney walls when built within a structure, or with 2. Cleanout opening shall be provided at the base of every masonry chimney.
Fireplaces, barbecues, smoke chamber, and fireplace chimneys shall be of solid masonry or reinforced concrete and shall conform to the minimum requirements specified in this Code.
Factory-built metal room heating stoves may be used in accordance with generally recognized engineering practices. Walls of fireplaces shall be not less than 20 centimeters 8 inches in thickness.
Walls of fireboxes shall be not less than 25 centimeters 10 inches in thickness: Except, That where a lining of firebrick is used such walls shall be not less than 20 centimeters 8 inches in thickness.
The firebox shall be not less than 50 centimeters 20 inches in depth. Metal hoods used as a part of a fireplace or barbecue shall be not less than No.
The hoods shall be sloped at an angle of 45 degrees or less from the vertical and shall extend horizontally at least 15 centimeters 6 inches beyond the limits of the firebox. Metal hoods shall be kept a minimum of 40 centimeters 18 inches from combustion materials unless approved for reduced clearances. Approved metal heat circulators may be installed fireplaces. Front and side walls shall be not less than 20 centimeters 8 inches in thickness. Smoke chamber back walls shall not be not less than 15 centimeters 6 inches in thickness.
Walls of chimneys without flue lining shall be not less than 20 centimeters 8 inches in thickness. Walls of chimneys with flue lining shall be not less than 10 centimeters 4 inches in thickness and shall not be constructed in accordance with this Code. Combustible material shall not be placed within 5 centimeters 2 inches of fireplace, smoke chamber, or chimneys walls when built entirely within a structure, or within 2. In lieu of 2. Combustible materials shall not be placed within 15 centimeters 6 inches of the fireplace opening.
No part of metal hoods used as part of a fireplace, barbecue, or heating stove shall be less than 40 centimeters 18 inches from combustible material. This clearance may be reduced to the minimum requirements set forth in this Code. The net cross-sectional area of the flue and of the throat between the firebox and the smoke chamber of a fireplaces shall be not less than the requirements according to internationally recognized and accepted principles of engineering.
Where dampers are used, they shall be of not less than No. When fully opened, damper openings shall be not less than 90 per cent of the required flue area. When fully opened, damper blade shall not extent the line of inner face of the flue. Masonry over the fireplace opening shall be supported by an incombustible lintel. Every fireplace shall be provided with a brick, concrete, stone, or other approved incombustible hearth slab at least 30 centimeters 12 inches wider on each side than the fireplace opening and projecting at least 30 centimeters 18 inches therefrom.
This slab shall be not less than 10 centimeters 4 inches thick and shall be supported by incombustible materials or reinforced to carry its own weight and all imposed loads.
Combustible forms and centering shall be removed. Where Required. Standard automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall comply with requirements of generally recognized and accepted practices and shall be installed in the following places: Every building six more stories in height shall be equipped with one or more dry standpipes.
Dry standpipes shall be of wrought iron or galvanized steel and together with fittings and connections shall be of sufficient strength to withstand 20 kilograms per square centimeter pounds per square inch of water pressure when ready for service, without leaking at the joints, valves, or fittings. Tests shall be conducted by the owner or his representative or contractor in the presence of a representative of the City or Municipal Fire Department whenever deemed necessary for the purpose of certification of its proper function.
Dry standpipes shall be of such size as to be capable of delivering liters gallons per minute from each of any three outlets simultaneously under the pressure created by one fire engine or pumper, based on the existing city equipment available. The local Fire Department shall be consulted as to the proper size and threads of those connections.
Every building six or more stories in height where the area of any floor above the fifth floor is square meters 10, square feet or less shall be equipped with not less than one dry standpipe and an additional standpipe shall be installed for each additional square meters 10, square feet or fraction thereof. Standpipes shall be located within stairway landings or near such stairways as possible or immediately inside of an exterior wall and 30 centimeters 12 inches of an opening in a stairway enclosure of the balcony or vestibule of a smokeproof tower or an outside exit stairway.
Subject to the provisions of subparagraph 2 , all centimeter 4-inch dry standpipes shall be equipped with a two-way Siamese fire department connection. All All Siamese inlet connections shall be located on a street front of the building and not less than 30 centimeters 12 inches nor more than 1. All Siamese inlet connections shall be recessed in the wall or otherwise substantially protected.
All dry standpipes shall be extend from the ground floor to and over the roof and shall be equipped with a 6. All dry standpipes shall be equipped with a two-way 6. All outlets shall be equipped with gate valves with substantial chains. An iron or bronze sign with raised letters at least 2. Every Group H and I Occupancy of any height and every Group C Occupancy of two or more stories in height, whose corridors are flanked on both sides, and every Group C Occupancy of two or more stories in height, whose corridors serve only one row of rooms on one side and with an open court on the other side, and every Group B, D, E, F, and G Occupancy of three or more stories in height and every Group G and E Occupancy over square meters 20, square feet in area shall be equipped with one or more interior wet standpipes extending from the cellar or basement into the topmost story: Provided, That Group H buildings having no stage and having a seating capacity of less than need to be equipped with interior standpipes.
Interior wet standpipes shall be constructed as required for dry standpipes. Buildings of Groups H and I Occupancies shall have wet standpipe systems capable of delivering the required quantity and pressure from any two outlets simultaneously; for all other occupancies only one outlet need be figured to be at one time. In no case shall the internal diameter of a vet standpipe be less than 5 centimeters 2 inches , except when the standpipe is attached to an automatic fire-extinguishing system as set by the internationally recognized and accepted engineering practices.
The Building Official may require delivery and pressure tests on completed wet standpipe systems before approving such systems. Wet standpipes shall be so located that any portion of the can be reached therefrom with a hose not exceeding In Groups H and I Occupancies, outlets shall be located as follows: Where occupant loads are less than the above requirements may be waived: Provided, That portable fire-extinguishers of appropriate capacity and type are installed within easy access from the said locations.
In Groups B, C, D, E, F, and G Occupancies the location of all interior wet standpipes shall be in accordance with the requirements for dry standpipes: Provided, That at least one wet standpipe is installed to cover not more than square meters square feet.
All interior wet standpipes shall be equipped with a 3. All hose threads in connection with the installation of such standpipes, including valves and reducing fittings, shall be uniform with that used by the local Fire Department.
All interior wet standpipes shall be connected to a street water main not less than 10 centimeters 4 inches in diameter, or when the water pressure is sufficient, to a water tank of sufficient size as provided in subparagraph 8.
When more than one interior wet standpipe is required in the building, such standpipes shall be connected at their bases or at their tops by pipes of equal size. Tanks shall have a capacity sufficient to furnish at least liters gallons per minute for a period of not less than 10 minutes. Such tanks shall be located so as to provide not less than Discharge pipes from pressure tanks shall extend 5 centimeters 2 inches into and above the bottom of such tanks.
All tanks shall be tested in place after installation and proved tightly at a hydrostatic pressure 50 per cent in excess of the working pressure required. Where such tanks are used for domestic purpose the supply pipe for such purposes shall be located at or above the center line of such tanks. Incombustible supports shall be provided for all such supply tanks and not less than centimeters 3-foot clearance shall be maintained over the top and under the bottom of all pressure tanks.
Fire pumps shall have a capacity of not less than liters gallons per minute with a pressure of not less than The source of supply for such pump shall be a street water main of not less than centimeter 4-inch diameter or a well or cistern containing a one-hour supply. Such pumps shall be supplied with an adequate source of power of the building and shall be automatic in operation. Each hose outlet of all interior wet standpipes shall be supplied with a hose not less than 3.
Such hose shall be equipped with a suitable brass or bronze nozzle and shall be not over An approved standard form of wall hose reel or racks shall be provided for the hose and shall be located so as to make the hose readily accessible at all times and shall be recessed in the walls or protected suitable cabinets.
Basement pipe inlets shall be installed in the first floor of every store, warehouse, or factory where there are cellars or basements under same: Except, Where in such cellars or basements there is installed a fire-extinguishing system as specified in this Code, or where the cellars or basements are used for banking purposes, safe deposit vaults, or similar uses.
All basement pipe inlets shall be of cast iron, steel brass, or bronze with lids of cast brass or bronze and shall consist of a sleeve not less than 20 centimeters 8 inches in diameter through the floor extending to and flush with the ceiling below and with a top flange, recessed with an inside shoulder, to receive the lid and flush with the finish floor surface. The lid shall be a solid casting and have a ring lift recessed on the top thereof, so as to be flush.
The lid shall be installed in such a manner as to permit its removal readily from the inlet. Basement pipe inlets shall be strategically located and kept readily accessible at all times to the Fire Department.
All fire-extinguishing systems, including automatic sprinkles, wet and dry standpipes, automatic chemical extinguishers, basement pipe inlets, and the appurtenance thereto shall meet the approval of the Fire Department of the particular municipality or city as to installation and location and shall be subject to such periodic tests as may require.
There shall be one or more ventilators constructed of metal or other incombustible material near the center and above the highest part of any working stage raised above the stage roof and having a total ventilation area equal to at least five per cent of the floor area within the stage walls.
The entire equipment shall conform to the following requirements: Ventilators shall open by spring action or force of gravity sufficient to overcome the effects of neglect, rust, dirt, or expansion by heat or warning of the framework.
Glass, if used in ventilators, must be protected against falling on the stage. A wire screen, if used under the glass, must be so placed that if clogged it cannot reduce the required ventilating area of interfere with the operating mechanism or obstruct the distribution of water from the automatic fire-extinguishing systems. Ventilators, penthouses, and supporting framework shall be designed in accordance with this Code. Each ventilator shall be arranged to open automatically after the outbreak of fire by the use of an approved automatic closing device as defined in this Code.
The fusible link and operating cable shall hold each door closed against a minimum This minimum counterforce shall be exerted on each door through its entire arc of travel and for a minimum degrees. A manual control shall be provided.
Springs, when employed to actuate ventilator doors, shall be capable of maintaining full required tension indefinitely. Springs shall not be stressed more than 50 per cent of their rated capacity and shall not be located directly in the air stream, nor exposed to the elements. A fusible link shall be placed in the cable control system on the underside of the ventilator at or above the roof line, and shall be so located as not to be affected by the operation of fire-extinguishing systems. Remote, manual, or electrical control shall provide for both opening and closing of the ventilator doors for periodic testing and shall be located at a point on the stage designated by the Building Official.
When remote control of ventilator is electrical, power failure shall not affect its instant operation in the event of fire.
Hand winches may be employed to facilitate operation of manually controlled ventilators. Curbs shall constructed as required for the roof. Gridirons and fly galleries shall be designed to support a live load of not less than kilograms per square meter 75 pounds per square foot.
Each loft block well shall be designed to support The head block well must be provided with an adequate strongback of lateral brace to offset torque. The sheave blocks shall be designed to accommodate the maximum load for the loft blocks or head blocks served with a safety factor of five. In buildings having a stage, the dressing room sections, workshops, and storerooms shall be located on the stage side of the proscenium wall and shall be separated from each other and from the stage by not less than a One-Hour Fire-Resistive Occupancy Separation.
A stage shall be completely separated from the auditorium by a proscenium wall of not less than two-hour incombustible construction. The proscenium wall shall extend not less than 1. Proscenium walls may have, in addition to the main proscenium opening at the orchestra pit level and not more than two openings at the stage floor level, each of which shall be not more than 2. All openings in the proscenium wall of a stage shall be protected by a fire assembly having a one and one-half-hour fire-resistive rating.
The proscenium opening, which shall be the main opening for viewing performances, shall be provided with a self-closing fire-resistive curtain according to generally recognized and accepted engineering practices. The Type of Construction for stage floors shall depend upon the requirement based on the Type of Occupancy and the corresponding fire-resistive requirements. All parts of the stage floor shall be designed to support not less than kilograms per square meter pounds per square foot. Openings through stage floors shall be equipped with tight-fitting trap doors.
The Type of Construction for platforms shall depend upon the requirements based on the Type of Occupancy and corresponding fire-resistive requirements. Enclosed platforms shall be provided with one or more ventilators conforming to the requirements of stage ventilators: Except, That the total area shall be equal to five per cent of the area of the platform.
When more than one ventilators is provided, they shall be so spaced as to provide proper exhaust ventilation. Ventilators shall not be required for enclosed platforms having a floor area of At least one exit not less than 90 centimeters 3 feet wide shall be provided from a passageway not less than 90 centimeters 3 feet in width to a street or exit court. An exit stair not less than 75 centimeters 2 feet, 6 inches wide shall be provided for egress from each fly gallery.
Each tier of dressing rooms shall be provided with at least two means of egress each not less than 75 centimeters 2 feet, 6 inches wide and all such stairs shall be constructed as specified in this Code.
The stairs required in this Subsection need to be enclosed. Every projection room shall be of not less than one-hour fire-resistive construction throughout and the walls and ceiling shall be finished with incombustible material. The ceiling shall be not less than 2. The room shall have a floor area of not less than 7. Every projection room shall have at least two doorway separated by not less than one-third the perimeter of the room, each at least 75 centimeters 2 feet, 6 inches wide and 2.
All entrances to a projection room shall be protected by a self-closing fire assembly having a three-fourths hour fire-resistive rating. Such doors shall open outward and lead to proper exits as required in this Code and shall not be equipped with any latch.
The maximum width of such door need be no more than 75 centimeters 2 feet, 6 inches. Ports in projection room walls shall be of three kinds: There shall be provided for each motion picture projector not more than one projection port, which shall be limited in area to square centimeters square inches , and not more than one observation port, which shall be limited in area to square centimeters square inches.
There shall be not more than three combination ports, each of which shall not exceed 75 centimeters by 60 centimeters 30 inches by 24 inches.
Each port opening shall be completely covered with a pane of glass: Except, That when acetate safety film is used projection ports may be increased in size to an area not to exceed square centimeters square inches. Each port and every other opening in projection room walls, including any fresh-air inlets but excluding exit doors and exhaust ducts, shall be provided with a shutter of not less than No.
Shutters shall be arranged to slide without binding in guides constructed of material equal to the shutters in strength and fire resistance. Shutters of a size greater than square centimeters square inches shall be equipped with a counter-balance. There shall also be a fusible link located over the upper magazine of each projector, which, upon operating, will close all the shutters. In addition, there shall be provided suitable means for manually closing all shutters simultaneously from any projector head and from a point within the projection room near each exit door.
Shutters on openings not in use shall be kept closed: Except, That shutters may be omitted when acetate safety film only is used.
A fresh-air inlet from the exterior of the building not less than Ventilation shall be provided by one or more mechanical exhaust systems which shall draw air from each arc lamp and from one or more points near the ceiling. Systems shall exhaust to outdoors either directly or through an incombustible flue used for no other purpose. Exhaust capacity shall be not less than 0.
Systems shall be controlled from within the enclosure and have pilot lights to indicate operation. The exhaust system serving the projection room may be extended to cover room associated therewith such as rewind rooms. No dampers shall be installed in such exhaust systems. Ventilation of these rooms shall not be connected in any way ventilating or air conditioning system serving other portions of the building.
All shelves, fixtures, and fixed equipment in a projection room shall be constructed of incombustible materials. All films not in actual use shall be stored in metal cabinets having individuals compartments for reels or shall be in generally accepted shipping containers. No solder shall be used in the construction of such metal cabinets.
Every projection room shall be provided with unenclosed water closet and lavatory. The installation of lath, plaster, and gypsum wallboards shall conform to the fire-resistive rating requirements and the Type of Construction of the building and shall be designed in accordance with the legally accepted principles of engineering.
Chapter 9. Expanding envelopes shall not be used. Not more than kilograms pounds shall be stored in any single cabinet. Where the film stored exceeds Door openings in vault shall be of four hour fire-resistive construction and shall be kept close except when in use.
Portable lights on extension cords are prohibited. Smoking shall be prohibited and conspicuous no smoking sign posted. Discarded films shall be stored and handled in the same manner as other films until removed from the premises. Every room where nitrate film is stored or handled in quantities greater than A minimum of one sprinkler for every 6.
Chapter Materials and their assembly shall comply with the latest generally accepted engineering and architectural specifications and standards. Anchorages and connections between members and the supporting elements of the structure or walls shall be capable of withstanding all probable external and internal forces or other conditions for a structurally sound construction.
In structural design, proper allowances shall be made for any material to be displaced or removed for the installations of pipes, conduits, or others. Approved plastic materials shall be those which have a flame-spread rating of or less and a smoke density not greater than that obtained from the burning of untreated wood under similar conditions when tested in accordance with generally recognized and accepted engineering practices for surface burning characteristics of building materials in the way intended for use.
All plastic materials and their assemblies shall be of adequate strength and durability to withstand the prescribed design loads. Sufficient and substantial technical data shall be submitted to establish stresses, maximum unsupported spans, and such other information as may be deemed necessary for the various thickness and forms used.
Fastenings shall be adequate to withstand design loads and internal and external stresses required of the assembly, Proper allowances shall be made for expansion and contraction of plastic materials in conjunction with other materials with which it assembled or integrated. Provided , That: Except, That: The walls of the skylight well shall be no less fire-resistive than the adjacent ceiling. The area of individual plastic skylights shall not exceed The total aggregate area of plastics used in skylights, monitors, and sawtooth glazing shall not exceed 20 per cent of the floor area of the room or occupancy sheltered.
Plastic skylights in roofs having a slope of less than 1 in 3 shall have a 10 centimeter 4-inch high curb. The curb may be omitted where a wire screen not smaller the No. The screen shall be substantially mounted below the skylight. Where a fire-resistive rating is not required for the roof structure, and in all buildings provided with an approved automatic fire-extinguishing system, approved plastics may be used with or without sash as the light-transmitting medium in monitors and sawtooth roofs: Except, That plastics used in monitors or sawtooth roofs of Type II buildings shall be of materials appropriate to use according to flame-spread characteristics.
The area of individual plastic glazing used in monitors and sawtooth glazing shall not exceed The areas of such plastic panels shall be separated from each other by a section incombustible materials or by a section of the roofing material of the structure not less than 1.
The lower edge of the plastic material shall be at least 15 centimeters 6 inches above the surface of the adjoining roof surface. Ceiling light diffusers having an area greater than 10 per cent of any Exterior veneer may be of approved plastic materials and shall conform to the provisions of this Section. Plastic veneer may be attached to exterior walls above the first story of buildings located outside of highly restrictive Fire Zones: Provided, further, That the height of veneer is not in excess of Section of plastic veneer shall not exceed Except, That in less restrictive Fire Zones the area may be increased by 50 per cent.
Sections of plastic veneer shall be separated by a minimum of 1. Paint spray booths shall be constructed of steel of not less than No. The area of a paint spray booth shall not exceed square meters square feet nor 10 per cent of the basic area permitted for the major use of the building according to the occupancy group.
The floor shall be constructed of incombustible material.
Paint spray booths shall be designed to permit the free passage of exhaust air from all parts of the interior and all interior surfaces shall be smooth and continuous without outstanding edges.
The glass panels shall be located in such a manner as to reduce the hazard of ignition caused by paint spray deposit. Mechanical ventilation shall be provided direct to the exterior of the building. The mechanical exhaust system shall be designed to move the air through any portion of the paint spray area at the rate of not less than The blades of exhaust fan shall be constructed of nonferous materials and shall be mounted in such a manner as to prevent contact with the exhaust duct.
The motor shall not be mounted in the spray booth or the duct system and belts shall be enclosed where they enter the booth or duct system. Exhaust ducts shall be constructed of steel having a thickness not less than the values set by generally recognized and accepted principles of engineering.
THE NATIONAL BUILDING CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES - CHAN ROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY
The discharge paint for ducts in a paint spray booth shall be not less than 1. Except, That the discharge point for exhaust ducts is not regulated in a water-wash spray booth. Each light with special performance characteristics such as laminated, heat-strengthened, fully tempered or insulated shall bear the manufacturer's identification showing the special characteristic and thickness by etching or other permanent identification that shall be visible after the glass is glazed.
The area of individual lights shall not be more than those set by generally recognized and acceptable principles of engineering on the maximum allowable area of glass according to the wind load multiplied by the appropriate adjustment factor. Provided , That glass edge clearance in fixed openings shall be not less than what is required for wind and earthquake drift. For glass not firmly supported on all four edges, design shall be submitted for approval.
The display surfaces of all signs shall be kept neatly painted or posted at all times. Signs and signs structures shall be designed and constructed to resist all wind and seismic forces.
All bracing systems shall be designed and constructed to transfer lateral forces to the foundations. For signs on buildings the dead and lateral loads shall be transmitted through the structural frame of the building to the ground in such manner as not to overstress any of the elements thereof.
The overturning moment produced from lateral forces shall, in no case, exceed two-thirds of the dead-load resisting moment. Uplift due to overturning shall be adequately resisted by proper anchorage to the ground or to the structural frame of the building. The weight of earth superimposed over footings may be used in determining the dead-load resisting moment. Such earth shall be carefully placed and thoroughly compacted.
The supports for all signs or signs structures shall be placed in or upon private property and shall be securely built, constructed, and erected in conformity with the requirements of this Code. Materials of construction for signs and sign structures shall be of the quality and grade as specified in this Code. All signs and sign structures erected in highly restrictive Fire Zones shall have structural members of incombustible materials. Ground signs may be constructed of any material meeting the requirements of this Code.
Combination signs, roof signs, walls signs, projecting signs, and signs on marquees shall be constructed of incombustible materials. No combustible materials other than approved plastics shall be used in the construction of electric signs.
Nonstructural trim and portable display surface may be of wood, metal, approved plastics, or any combination thereof. Member supporting unbraced signs shall be so proportioned that the bearing loads imposed on the soil in either direction, horizontal or vertical, shall not exceed the safe values.
Braced ground signs shall be anchored to resist the specified wind or seismic load in any direction. Anchors and supports shall be designed for safe bearing loads on the soil and for an effective resistance to pull-out amounting to a force twenty five percent 25 greater than the required resistance to overturning.
Anchors and supports shall penetrate to a sufficient depth below ground. Clearances from various authorities exercising and enforcing regulatory function affecting the project.
Ancillary Permit Forms next slides. Building Technical 2. Building Official 3. The engineer or architect who supervi ses the construction shall be solidarily liable with the contractor should the edifice collapse due to defect in the construction or the use of inferi or materials.
That the proposed architectural works shall be in accordance with the architectural plans filed wi th this Office and i n conformity with the latest Architectural Code of the Philippines, the National Building Code and its IRR. That prior to any construction activity, a duly accomplished prescribed Notice of Construction shall be submitted to the Office of the Building Official.
That this permit is null and void unless accompanied by the bui lding permit. The engineer or architect who supervises the construction shal l be soli daril y liable with the contractor should the edifice collapse due to defect in the construction or the use of i nferior materi als.
That prior to any construction activity, a duly accomplished prescribed Notice of Construction shall be submitted to the Office of the Building Offici al. That this permit i s null and void unless accompanied by the building permit. Box 1 Architectural Permit: Ancillary Permit 1. The engineer or architect who supervises the construction shall be sol idarily liable with the contractor should the edifice collapse due to defect in the construction or the use of inferior materials. That the proposed excavation and ground preparati on of the project si te shall be in conformi ty with the zoning ordinance and the provisions of the Nati onal Building Code P.
That prior to commencement of the proposed projects and construction an actual rel ocation survey shall be conducted by responsible li censed Geodetic Engineer. That before commenci ng the excavation the person making or causing the excavation to be made shall verify in wri ting the owner of adjoining building not less than ten 10 days before such excavati on is to be made and show how the adj oi ni ng buil di ng should be protected. That the owner of the building shall engage the services of a responsible licensed Architect or Civil Engineer to undertake the ful l-time i nspection and supervi sion of the constructi on work.
That upon completion of the excavation and ground preparati on of the project site the said responsible l icensed supervising Architect or Civi l Engineer shall prepare and submit a Certi ficate of Completion of the proj ect stati ng that the excavation and ground preparation of the project site conforms to the provisi on of the National Buil di ng Code P.
All public facil ities and utiliti es such as streets, si dewalks, curbs, gutters, electri c posts, power and communication lines, water, sewer and drainage lines and the li ke shall be properly protected against any damage and obstruction. All wastes or discarded materials from the project shall be properly stored and disposed of.
Water wastes shal l be di scharged directly into drainage lines. Pertinent provi sions of the National Building Code P. L OT NO. No PTR. No Issued at. No Issu ed at. That under Article of t he Civil Code of the Philippines, the engineer or archit ect who drew up the plans and specifications is liable for damages if within fif teen 15 years from the completion of t he struct ure, it should collapse due to defect in the plans or specifications or def ect s in t he ground.
The engineer or archit ect who supervises t he const ruction shall be solidarily liable with t he contractor should the edif ice collapse due to defect in t he const ruction or the use of inferior materials. That prior to commencement of t he proposed projects and construct ion an actual relocation survey shall be conducted by responsible licensed Geodetic Engineer.
That bef ore commencing t he excavation the person making or causing the excavation to be made shall verif y in writ ing t he owner of adjoining building not less than t en 10 days before such excavat ion is t o be made and show how the adjoining building should be protected. That t he owner of the fence shall engage t he services of responsible licensed Architect or Civil Engineer to undert ake the full time inspection and supervision of t he construct ion work.
B Permit Notarized. Architectural Permit, Form No. A Electrical Permit, Form No. A Mechanical Permit, Form No. A Sanitary Permit, Form No. A Plumbing Permit, Form No.
A Electronic Permit, Form No. Sidewalk Constn. Permit, Form No. B Sidewalk enclosure Permit, Form No. B Scaffolding Permit, Form No. Authorization, Secretarys Cert. Step 2, Arch. Determination of violations a IRR 5, Section 2: Determination of violations b IRR Section 4.
In prison and fine of P2T to P5T or both. The applicant can make appeal.
National Building Code of the Philippines
BO cannot impose imprisonment term to violator of BP Human habitation shall be 6 sq m. BO Evaluation of Compliance 1. Artificial Ventilation, ceiling height not less than: Artificial Ventilation Room Ceiling Ht. Ceiling Ht. Occupants Loads and Exits Req. Exit shall be openable inside without the use of a key. Footings shall be of sufficient size and strength to supp ort the load of the dwelling and shall be at least; - mm thick - mm below ground level Post of wooden construction shall be per Table A, each post sh all be anchored to such footing by straps and bolt of adequate size.
NSCP , Sect Cat I - Essential Facilities Hospital, etc. Table 1 Allowable Found. Massive Crystalline Bedrock 2. Well Graded Sand. Clay, Sandy Clay. Structural Evaluation Sheet 2.
Regulation Data min: Foundation investigation Sect. Purpose is to regulate materials and establish method of safe construction where any structure or portion thereof is wholly or partially prefabricated. Definitions ; a Prefab. Chap 1 Gen Req. Certifying Agency to be acceptable under this Code, every certificate of approval shall be made by an approved agency. Reference is also made to Section Precast Concrete where test and acceptance is also required by the Code.
Based on the Technical Brochure you submitted, That contains among other information. Acting Exec Dir. Has at least five 5 years of diversified and professional experience in building design and construction. Ensure that all changes, modifications, and alterations in the design plans during the construction phase shall not start until the modified design plan has been evaluated and the necessary amendatory permit issued.
The review of architectural plans, designs, drawings, specifications, estimates and contract documents submitted as part of a building permit application should only be undertaken by a registered and licensed architect RLA in full accordance with R. See Communication Flow Chart, Fig. Fees 1. The Secretary, thru Memorandum Circulars, shall prescribe the rates of fees and formulate guidelines in the imposition and collection of fees. Every Building Official shall keep a permanent record and accurate account of all fees and other charges fixed and authorized to becollected and received.
Exemption http: Recording of Collections a. Every Building Official shall keep a permanent record and accurate account of all fees and other charges fixed and authorized to be collected by him.
Figure II. As with Figure II. Again, the review of architectural plans, designs, drawings, specifications, estimates and contract documents submitted as part of a building permit application should only be undertaken by a registered and licensed architect RLA in full accordance with R. He shall render the reports required under the Centralized Accounting System.
Disposition of Collections a. Pursuant to Sec. B and Special Account No. Original - to be retained by the bank branch. Triplicate - to be retained by the bank branch for submission to the Provincial Treasury Fiscal Examiner assigned to the province where the bank is located. Local Treasurer.
In cases where there is no bank auditor assigned in a particular locality, confirmation shall be undertaken by the officer designated by the Head of the Bank branch. The reports shall be prepared by the Local Treasurer in five copies, distributed as follows after verification by the field auditor: Triplicate with validated quadruplicate remittance advices to the DPWH-CO Accountant for posting to the corresponding subsidiary ledgers.
Quadruplicate to be retained by the Local Treasurer. Quintuplicate local office accounting file. The Local Treasurer shall certify all the copies of the report and submit the first three 3 copies to his Field Auditor within three 3 days after the end of the month for audit.
Crediting of Accounts of Local Treasurer In the monthly report of collections, specifically at the back thereof, is a statement of account current showing the accountability of the Local Treasurer. The DPWH-CO Chief Accountant shall cross-check the validated quadruplicate remittance advices attached to the duplicate copy of the monthly report of collections against the remittances made by the Local Treasurer with the National Treasury or any of its authorized depository banks as appearing in the statement of account current.
Safeguards i. Upon receipt of the monthly abstract of remittances from the National Treasury, the remittances appearing therein shall be counter checked by the DPWH-CO Chief Accountant against the credits already given the collecting officers concerned and any discrepancies discovered in the process shall be verified and adjusted immediately. In case of retirement or resignation by the Local Treasurers, their clearances shall be held in abeyance until their remittances have been fully cleared by the National Treasury.
Centralized Accounting System i. Said office shall set up and maintain a separate set of books of accounts to be used solely for transactions pertaining to the implementation of the provisions of the National Building Code and its Implementing Rules and Regulations.
All deputized disbursing officers shall render the following reports: Report of Checks Issued together with duplicate copies of checks issued for submission to the Treasury Provincial Fiscal Examiner in the region. The Department Chief Accountant shall adjust obligations quarterly to actual liquidations as required.
The New National Building Code
Deputized disbursing officers shall prepare other statements or reports as may be required from time to time by the proper authorities. The Deputized Disbursing Officer DDO shall render a monthly report of accountability for checks issued during the month and the balance at the end of the month. Copies of said report shall be distributed as follows: Turnover of Accountability i.
In case of change, transfer, resignation or retirement from the service of the Building Official, an inventory of all money and property accountabilities shall be taken jointly by the outgoing and incoming Building Official and a receipt passed on the basis of such inventory. Such inventory shall be certified as accurate by the said officers, witnessed by the local auditor thereat. The preceding procedure shall also apply to a deputized disbursing officer other than the Building Official with respect to money and property accountabilities in his custody.
Other Provisions i. Implementing Rules and Regulations In the implementation of the provisions of the Code and its IRR, the Secretary shall formulate necessary rules and regulations and adopt design and construction standards and criteria for buildings and other structures. Such standards, rules and regulations shall take effect after their publication once a week for three consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation.
Administrative Fines 1. Imposition of Administrative Fines a. The Secretary or his duly authorized representative may prescribe and impose fines not exceeding ten thousand pesos P10, Unauthorized change, modification or alteration during the construction in the duly submitted plans and specifications on which the building permit is based.
Determination of Amount of Fines a. In the determination of the amount of fines to be imposed, violations shall be classified as follows: Light Violations - P 5, Penalty i. Without prejudice to the provisions of the preceding sections, the Building Official is hereby also authorized to impose a penalty or surcharge in the following cases in such amount and in the manner as hereunder fixed and determined: Penal Provisions It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation, to erect, construct, enlarge, alter, repair, move, improve, remove, convert, demolish, equip, use, occupy, or maintain any building or structure or cause the same to be done contrary to or in violation of any provision of the Code.
Dangerous and Ruinous Buildings or Structures Dangerous buildings are those which are herein declared as such or are structurally unsafe or not provided with safe egress, or which constitute a fire hazard, or are otherwise dangerous to human life, or which in relation to existing use, constitute a hazard to safety or health or public welfare because of inadequate maintenance, dilapidation, obsolescence, or abandonment; or which otherwise contribute to the pollution of the site or the community to an intolerable degree.
Abatement of Dangerous Buildings When any building or structure is found or declared to be dangerous or ruinous, the Building Official shall order its repair, vacation or demolition depending upon the degree of danger to life, health, or safety. This is without prejudice to further action that may be taken under the provisions of Articles and to of the Civil Code of the Philippines. Structural Hazards a.
Whenever any portion or member or appurtenances thereof is likely to fall, or to become detached or dislodged or to collapse and thereby injure persons or damage property.
Whenever any portion thereof has been wrecked, warped, buckled or settled to such an extent that the walls or other structural portions have materially less resistance to wind or earthquake than is required in the case of similar new construction. Whenever the exterior walls or other vertical structural member lean or buckle to such an extent that a plumb line passing through the center of gravity does not fall inside the middle one-third of the base.
Fire Hazards a. Whenever any door, aisle, passageway, stairway, or other means of exit is not of sufficient width or size, or is not so arranged as to provide safe and adequate means of exit in case of fire and panic. Unsafe Electrical Wiring a. All wiring systems or installations which do not conform to the rules and regulations embodied in the latest Philippine Electrical Code. Unsafe Mechanical Installation http: Mechanical systems or installations which do not conform to the rules and regulations embodied in the Philippine Mechanical Code.
Lack of or improper operation of required ventilating equipment or air-conditioning systems. Improperly installed or lack of protection and safety provisions on steam, gas and fuel supply lines. All sanitation and plumbing systems or installations which do not conform to the rules and regulations embodied in the Code on Sanitation of the Philippines and the Revised National Plumbing Code.
Inadequately maintained or improperly used sanitation and plumbing facilities. Infestation of insects, vermin or rodents and lack of adequate control for the same. Lack of adequate garbage and rubbish storage and removal or disposal facilities. Source of pollution.
Architectural Deficiency a. Insufficient amount of natural light and ventilation due to inadequate open spaces such as courts and yards as required. Inadequate sizes of rooms and space dimensions and window openings. Other Remedies The rights, actions and remedies provided in the Code and in the IRR shall be in addition to any and all other rights of action and remedies that may be available under existing laws. In case the owner should ask the Building Official for a reconsideration on his order, same shall be given not more than not more than fifteen 15 days within which to render his final decision appealable to the Office of the Secretary.
The decision of the Secretary on the appeal shall be final. After such period, said building materials of the building thus repaired, renovated or removed shall be sold at public auction to satisfy the claim of the OBO.
Building Permits 1. Permits supplementary to a Building Permit shall be applied for and issued by the Building Official. These include Ancillary and the Accessory Permits. Ancillary Permits The Ancillary Permits duly signed and sealed by the corresponding professionals and the plans and specifications shall be submitted together with the duly notarized application for Building Permit.
The Building Permit is null and void if not accompanied by the Ancillary Permits. The Ancillary Permits are the following: Architectural Permit ii. Electrical Permit iv. Mechanical Permit v. Sanitary Permit vi. Plumbing Permit vii. Electronics Permit b.
Accessory Permits i. Accessory Permits are issued by the Building Official for accessory parts of the project with very special functions or use which are indicated in the plans and specifications that accompany the building permit application.
These may include, among others: Accessory Permits are issued by the Building Official for activities being undertaken prior to or during the processing of the building permit. The coverage is spelled out in the accessory permit form including the expiry period.
National Building Code PD 1096 - 148 pages.pdf
These permits include, among others, ground preparation and excavation, encroachment of foundation to public area, fencing, for fence not exceeding 1. Exemption From Building Permits A building permit shall not be required for the following minor constructions and repairs, provided these shall not violate any provision of the Code and this IRR.
Minor Constructions i. Addition of open terraces or patios resting directly on the ground, not exceeding Installation of window grilles.
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