SOFT SECRETS PDF
Soft Secrets is published six times a year by Discover Publisher BV Netherlands. 2XWGRRU ZLWK DXWRȵRZHUV. The Best Fem Strains To Grow. Soft Secrets. 17 indoor weckels world of wonders. Text & photography: Weckels, the grow-specialist from Atami. It's a particular problem for the lone. soft secrets #3 - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. little bonus article about drones in this issue.
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Dear Reader,. Soft Secrets is proud to present the new Product Special. For the eighth time in an annual row, this special issue acts like a showroom for. sources of information. Fully accessible to the public, completed studies are pro- vided as PDF downloads, including such titles as: Effects of Medicinal Cannabis . in the next issue of Soft Secrets USA! Gardening .. Alabama 3 has made no secret of the fact that, as a free PDF download; readers may also employ the .
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It makes you very hungry and thirsty, so it is advisable to eat and drink well after smoking, to counteract its effects. Due to this increase in appetite, Moby Dick is recommended for treating the secondary effects of chemotherapy and anorexia. Outdoors with full sunlight, plentiful soil and water and wide spacing, the plants will become practically trees, which grow to 3 meters tall, and you will have a harvest of up to grams per plant!
Outdoors, the plant is ready by mid-October, with good mould-resistance inherited from its Sativa parent plant. Moby Dick is already a legend in its own right, and is destined to become one of the great classics of this new century! Haze X White Widow Genetics: From 10th to 25th October THC: Low Production: Very High Outdoor Height: Can reach 3. Dinafem M o b y D i c k Continued from front page quence of his frequent dealings with the many youths who are instantly branded as criminals for minor infractions, thus enter- ing a vicious cycle.
An estimate shows that between 3. Die Linke claims that prohibition simply encourages use, contravening regulations.
Germany should instead consider education and prevention as priorities, as well as controlling the drug market, rather than criminalizing it. Reason enough for Richard Didier, High Commissioner of the islands, to explain that the majority of crime on the islands has to do with marijuana. Most notably, according to Didier, psychiatric wards in Polynesia are crowded with drug- related cases.
Colonel Valentini, head of the local gendarmerie, added that drugs can be found on the islands in ways unimagi- nable in France. The call for decriminalisa- tion on behalf of a representative of the islands administration held last June has yielded few results The product, which comes from Italy, is called Normast and is sold as a nutritional supplement.
The active princi- ple of Normast is Palmitoylethanolamide PEA , a cannabinoid considered equal to a painkiller. The substance also has anti- inflammatory properties and increases the effectiveness of opiates.
It presents no side effects, and there is no problem in taking it in addition to other medi- cines. The only disadvantage is its cost: It is currently unknown whether the substance is cannabis-derived and how much is necessary to produce mg.
The study was promoted by the Sheba Medical Center and presented this month during an Israeli oncologists conference. Many issues related to medical marijua- na remain unsolved, but health experts believe that the number of patients treat- ed with medical marijuana in Israel will soon reach 40, Only seven of twelve official cultivation centres in the Holy Land are currently active, because distribution centres can only provide patients with the equivalent of 75 of marijuana per month.
When grown it produced a few seeds at the base of the buds. However despite my care at week 7 plus 3 days I found the bannanas of doom [ see attached ] I strongly suspect this strain is prone to this. I found 13 of these on four plants out of 8. This photo was taken using my USB micro- scope to the naked eye they just look like yellow blobs about 2mm across at the base of the buds and on one plant on the stem at the base of a plant not easy to spot , if you grow this strain constant vidulance from week 5 onwards is recommended I inspected mine every day and the day before I found them there was no sign, your only chance is to spot them as they open.
I cropped them there and then not wishing to lose another crop but they would have been better for another week. Much appreciated. Were happy to pass the message on and prevent other UK growers from experiencing the bananas of doom!
Couple of bits of advice; try to raise your oscillating fan so that its mov- ing the air between the lamp and the canopy, itll reduce heat and allow you to get your lamps closer. Also, move that hot ballast away from your DWC buckets, youll want to keep the temps in those buckets between C. Other than that, keep it up mate.
Attention Readers! Then send us a picture of your grow room or best cannabis plant, including a visible copy of Soft Secrets, and well send you 3 seeds. Should your photo happen to feature your beautiful wife or girl- friend wearing a sexy microbikini or super hot lingerie, you will receive 6 seeds.
Photo of the Month will even receive 9 prime quality feminised seeds. E-mail your entries to SSUK softsecrets. All entries are handled with the utmost discretion.
We dont publish out of focus pics, and we dont like photos of plants in veg stage. SSUK softsecrets. I am lookin for sum usefull info to help me produce better plants.
Our advice would be to keep doing what youre doing! Great results for a first grow mate, you should be really pleased. We hear a lot of good things about Plant Magic. For you next grow, try using some of their beneficials and see what difference that makes. Keep up the good work!
Now lets have the same picture, without the buds! A couple of articles in the current issue mention cancer and emphysema. Something the doctor said would not happen, even if I gave up smoking.
This made me wonder about these chemicals they add to the stuff in the drying process, I guess. Are they, in fact, more dangerous than the tobacco itself? Why do they even add any chemicals in the first place? Pueblo is just as good without any. American Crossroad tobacco claims to be additive- free but if you read the small print on the inside of the pack, it admits to using only natural additives, dur, arsenic is natural.
I wouldnt trust American Spirit iether. The first reason for adding chemicals that came to my mind, is maybe tobacco companies got worried because so many people were trying to give up the habit. So how do you stop people giving up? By adding other addictive substances to tobacco that no amount of nicotine chewing gum will satisfy the withdrawal from. Could American tobacco barons be so mer- cenary? Ye bet yer sweet ass sounds funny with a yankee drawl. How far would Yankees go? Maybe some of the Directors of the tobacco companies also have seats on the boards of companies producing inhalers, for people suffering from asthma and emphysema.
So if they add chemicals to tobacco to irritate the lungs, they would increase inhaler sales in the future. You may think me very cynical for suggesting these things of Americans but how can you trust people who live in cities built by slaves, in a country stolen by genocide and who stay rich by robbing other countries.
God Bless America. Thanks for taking the time to share them with us. Lets be honest, we wouldnt put anything past these companies. Whatever their reasoning behind adding such chemicals is, the motivation is always the same; greed and money! Keep fighting the good fight, mate. Gilly hull, hey ups ther peeps wots good? No doubt about that! Very tasty indeed. Some nice looking plants too, decent main colas. Weve been hearing good things from the UK about mixing coco with perlite or clay pebbles, makes an airy free-draining medium with the back up of holding moisture in the coco.
Check our brand new website www. And then theres my bud queen. Look at the size of that main bud! Another impres- sive auto plant this month The only fault we can find in this picture is the choice of football team on those curtains! That lovely looking lady certainly makes things all better. If my pics are deemed worthy of your fine publication they are of my super silver haze 3 days into flush.
Topped to keep them unruly sativas in check. Ready in just 9 weeks! In sum of the pics you can see my blackstar w LED, very impressive no noticable difference compared to my w hps. Anyway, am hoping for more like this one when I start my next crop, hope- fully with a few seeds contrib- uted by your good selves at Soft Secrets, bye for now JEN X Wow!
These auto varieties get bet- ter and better. Good work Jen. The use of the MH light for a few weeks has produced a nice dense plant. Interesting that the others got the dreaded stretch, maybe check the distance of the the bulb from top of the canopy? Keep it as close as you can. Check out the Autoflower arti- cle in this issue for more auto tips. Sorry for not having a sexy girl in the pictures but these 26 babies are enough for me at the moment.
I will be starting the next crop immediately I welcome any feed- back you have I want to learn as much as possible and make the next crop better! From what I read I just bearly made the mini- mum of the 1 gram of dried herb for every watt of light!
Thank you for your truly great magazine the information is soo helpful. Some good looking girls there; compact and dense.
Plus you hit the magical gram per watt figure - con- gratulations. We know a few UK growers that use aqua trays and run to waste, they swear by them. As for extra advice; keep going with you feeding programme, but maybe add an additional foliar feed in there and see what results that brings From just plain simple to highly sophisticated, all Bio Nova ways are incredibly effective.
Would you like to grow things, but lack a green thumb? No problem! Use The Basic Way and be overwhelmed by the success of your effortless input!
Are you a passionate grower who wants high quality? Use The Dedicated Way of growing, it will blow your mind! Or are you that perfectionist, who knows exactly what he is doing and why? The Professional Way will be your path to ultimate satisfaction! Your green companion in every way!
Mariner Packaging Company Ltd. After the great success of the Bcuzz booster in ml containers, Atami has decided to bring out the famous Bcuzz Bloomstimulator in a ml version. For many plants the floweing period is the most important period in the cycle. The Bcuzz bloomstimulator wil force the plant to flower earlier, so the flowering will be longer and more intense. You can use the bloomstimulator as a seccessor from the booster and can be used in combination with PK-containing products.
The stimulators and liquid nutrients from Atami are screwcap and light sealed so the quality is guaranteerd. The Bcuzz bloomstimulator ml will be available at your supplier very soon!
For more information Atami B. This mix consists of grinded and sieved garden peat of a Regeling Handels Potgronden- quality, i. Regulation for the Trade of Potting soil , Baltic white peat R.
This mix is delivered in plastic bags and is ready-to-use. The included fertilizer suffices for the first three weeks, after this period use a liquid fertilizer such as Soil SuperMix or Hydro SuperMix see the fertilization schemes for more information.
This mix is of a sublime quality and does not set fast and is therefore suitable for re-use. For an optimal distribution of water in potting soil it is recommended to use FreeFlow, this product lowers the surface-tension of liquids. This makes possible equal wetting of the soil in pots or trays.
When BN Soilmix A-Quality or another potting soil is re-used, it is recommended to do an analysis a week before the harvest after which a specific fertilizer advice can be given. This secures the mineral balance and a maximum yield of your crop.
One of these unique additives is Mega Worm. This additive recently got a new name and new packaging. Mega Worm, former- ly Worm humus, is a natural soil improver based on composted plant remains. It creates optimum balance in the soil so the plant can grow and flower profusely. Mega Worm has a very high organic content: Distinguishing manure Mega Worm provides a rapid germination of seeds, a strong root development, increases resistance and stimulates growth.
Formerly, Mega Worm was only available in the famous green bag. Now it is available in purple pots of 1 litre, buckets of 5 litres and bags of 25 litres. Plagron has grown because of the worm manure. Our worm humus still stands because of the extensive analyzes we perform on the nutrition of worms. We only select the best manure. Pass it on! More information can be found on our new website, www. Here you will find loads of information on Plagron products and growing in general.
The info on Plagron products will be easy to find on this site, giving you useful tips, showing you our related products and FAQs for each product. Exactly how our slogan pass it on is meant to be.
Keep a close eye on our website for the latest news and developments of our products and for growing in general. Dont forget to check out our Facebook page for extra tips and tricks facebook. Of course you can also con- tact our servicedesk through servicedesk plagron.
This culture system is designed so that everyone can handle it, thus can be used at any loca- tion and ideal in combination with tents. The Wilma system is a tank and irrigation system in a set up and available as a stand alone, or in reciculating edd and flood.
The Wilma system scan be used in combination with any medium, the pots are easy to install and easy to remove, if necessary without removing the nutrition supply to the other pots. This highly versatile system is available in 6,5, 11 and 18L pots, using the easy setup and automatic feeding saves a lot of work and you get great results in any medium. For more information you can visit us at www. Any esta- blishment found during routine checks to be stocking illegally potent strains would be subject to fines, and upon repeated violations, potential closure and loss of license.
In the past this argument has been used as a way to explain previous governments reluctance to legalize Cannabis; that leg- islating against Cannabis would be so easily accomplished is extremely telling of the political direction the nation is taking. Although the proposal is ostensibly made with the developing youth, the unwary tourist and the hopeless addict in mind, it seems that it is truly intended to fur- ther frustrate and hinder the beleaguered ranks of the coffeeshop owners as part of the ongoing campaign to make busi- ness so full of red tape and taxes as to be unappealing, and indeed nonviable.
Opponents of the law have pointed out several fairly glaring errors of judgment inherent in the proposal. Perhaps most pressingly: Most kits work on the basis of thin layer chromatography TLC and require a control specimen of which the THC percentage is confirmed for pur- poses of comparison.
If these control specimens were to be acquired through liaising with a lab, speci- mens would then need to be kept in a state where the THC would not degrade unless specimens were sent out to all cof- feeshops every few days which would be ridiculous, not to mention costly.
Providing such optimum conditions may not be possible for most coffeeshops, who are by their very nature not labora- tories. Just sticking it in the deep freeze is not quite what is meant by a scien- tific approach, after all. Without a control specimen, the most a TLC test can really do is show the existence of different can- nabinoids and give a rough idea of the ratios in which they are present.
On top of all this, DIY testing programs would likely be liable to a higher margin of error than those conducted in a con- trolled environment by trained techni- cians. This fact remains even if one con- siders the possibility of regulating the cultivation of Cannabis, rather than its sale, to retail establishments although in some respects it would make a little more sense as an option.
Ideally, if the law must be implemented, the grower will know which strains will fall within the legal limit before even attempting to cultivate any- thing, and will be able to assess the levels of THC throughout the grow in order to ensure no loss of earnings from growing unusable crops. A stable lineage can usu- ally be expected to produce offspring that will be similar in cannabinoid profile to its parents, so buying good quality strains from reputable seed companies should provide some guarantee to the grower.
However, in practice one can never be entirely certain of what one is purchasing, and the possibility for anomalous potency may also lead to the potential for laws to be broken entirely unintentionally. The common preference for clones is a double-edged sword: Potential THC percentage may in the future be discoverable through genomic testing of young clones or seedlings; however, such technology is in its infancy and is unlikely to be available for some years.
It is also very unlikely that growers or coffeeshops would be able to accurately implement such exacting procedures. Even if proponents were crystal clear about how they intend to enforce the rule, the thinking behind it remains dubi- ous.
The main argument seems to be: Firstly, it is far from clear how much blame can truly be laid on Cannabis for many of these occurrences in humans. Secondly, the argument fails to take into account the importance of the cannabi- noid ratio, which includes myriad different compounds whose individual effects on humans are yet to be determined let alone the effects of their countless differ- ent combinations.
Until we know more about this vastly complex interaction between our two species, an arbitrary rule such as this makes no sense and may well do more harm than good.
It remains to be seen what methods would be used by growers and wholesal- ers to circumvent the rule. As many have found out after purchasing a bud that turned out to be coated in weight-increas- ing substances those behind the scenes in a criminalized industry seldom have the best interests of the end-user at heart, preferring to prioritize profit.
If safety was truly paramount, the Netherlands would have a legalized and regulated industry. Passing a law in the name of safety that in no way ensures it is at best hypocritical and at worst highly dangerous. However, it has not yet passed the final stages of the legislative procedure many such proposals have not, in the past and the fervent hope that it will not is shared by many, both in the Netherlands and in the wider international community.
Two former statesmen, Mr. Thorvald Stoltenberg, former minister of Defense of Norway and Mr. Dries van Agt, former Prime minister of the Netherlands, expressed their hope for a future without can- nabis prohibition.
Hope is almost as important as life itself, said Stoltenberg. Stoltenberg on his groundbreaking work in this commission as well as in Norway.
Van Agt played a key role in establishing the world famous Dutch tolerance policy on cannabis. He was very outspoken in his criticism of recent policy changes in the Netherlands. This policy change to more repression, or even zero tolerance, is devastating nonsense van Agt said.
Lester Grinspoon, associate profes- sor emeritus of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, was unable to travel to Amsterdam to receive his award. The resignation of the Dutch government will hopefully lead to termi- nation of the new rules for coffeeshops and the so-called weedpass.
Worlds largest cannabis museum opened in Barcelona Four festive and magical days marked the opening of the worlds largest can- nabis museum in Barcelona, Spain. The new museum is located in the famous gothic quarter of Barcelona, within walking distance of the beach and the Ramblas boulevard.
Ben Dronkers Sensi Seeds, Hempflax, Hash Museum purchased the wonderful 16th century Palau or Palace Mornau in and spared no expense or trouble to turn it into a world class museum. His vast cannabis collection of over piec- es has finally been professionally cata- logued and the original Hash Museum in Amsterdam has been thoroughly reno- vated and upgraded. Hats off to the extended Dronkers family: The reopening of the Amsterdam muse- um and the grand opening in Barcelona coincided with the Cannabis Culture Awards.
In Amsterdam, the awards were presented by former Dutch prime minis- ter Dries van Agt, who received the award in Winners included Norwegian elder statesman Thorvald Stoltenberg, father of the current prime minister and member of the Global Commission on Drug Policy and Dutch psychiatrist and drug policy activist Fredrick Polak. Finally an award was presented to the legendary Lester Grinspoon.
Because of his inability to travel a Skype inter- view with Ben Dronkers was shown at both ceremonies. The Barcelona ceremony took place on May 9th, two days before the official opening of the museum.
The two hours the British super entrepreneur spent in the museum were one big media blitz; a notable dif- ference with the Amsterdam ceremony, attended by only a handful of journalists. Branson promised to urge the Global Commission to issue a strong statement denouncing the repressive course Dutch cannabis policy has taken and stated that legal cannabis could solve Spains economic crisis. After the awards ceremony, the party went on for four straight days, with special openings for the press, locals, members of Spanish Cannabis Social Clubs and the general public.
Cannabis Culture Award Winners Richard Branson is the founder of the Virgin Group, a conglomerate of more than companies. He founded Student magazine at the age of 16 and would later go on to establish a record label, music stores, a railway com- pany, an airline and even a business offering trips to outer space. In , Time Magazine included Branson in its list of the worlds most influential people.
He is one of the most eloquent and famous advocates for the decriminalisation of cannabis. An important cornerstone of Bransons business success has been to recognise when a strategy is not working and to have the foresight to change direction when the situation requires it.
The war on drugs is a failed enterprise as far as Branson is concerned. This is why he thinks that governments need to learn from the failures of drug policy and have the courage to enact better solutions.
Now one of the most respected and outspoken proponents of cannabis, Dr Grinspoon originally set out to prove it was a harm- ful drug. In he began research to scientifically define the dangers of marijuana. His studies led him to a surprising conclusion, the opposite of his hypothesis. Cannabis was not the dangerous drug that he, and the general public, had been led to believe it was. His book Marijuana Reconsidered reflected this reversal of opinion and was followed by several more, including Marijuana: The Forbidden Medicine in He has been actively working on initiatives for cannabis and health since and was instrumental in promoting the implementation of new medical mari- juana legislation following Proposition in California.
He is the Editor in Chief of Hempire magazine and author of How To Grow Medical Marijuana, an acclaimed step- by-step guidebook which he offers as a free download.
soft secrets 2012 #3
The best places might be the small balconies at the front of the build- ing, where you can sit and smoke canna- bis, while looking at passers-by gazing up and taking pictures. Unless you have been living in a cardboard box for the last few years, you cant have failed to notice the craze for autoflowering seeds and their rise in popularity. Take a minute to look at the various adverts for seed banks in this very issue of Soft Secrets, the vast majority have an autoflowering option in their range.
Some even deal exclusively in autoflowering stock! So, what is the deal with this trend? What are the benefits? By Little Lebowski So, what are they? The term autoflower refers to Cannabis plants that switch from the vegetative to flowering phase depending on the age of the plant, rather than the amount of light they receive. Regular, photoperiod sensitive, strains of Cannabis are grown vegetatively on 18 hours of light and 6 hours of dark- ness and are triggered into flowering by altering the ratio to 12 hours of light and 12 hours of dark.
Reducing the light fools the plant into putting out flowers growing buds ; as, in nature, a reduc- tion in daylight hours would mean that Autumn is approaching and the plant needs to reproduce. Autoflowering plants will begin to pro- duce buds, regardless of the amount of light they receive.
Grown from seed, the plants will begin to develop buds from around 3 to 4 weeks old. There is no need to reduce the amount of light hours they receive. In an outdoor situation, regular Cannabis Sativa and Indica varieties can take 6 months from planting to harvest. Grown indoors, they can take 3 months to harvest. In contrast to this, autoflowering strains will grow from seed to harvest within 8 to 10 weeks.
This means that you plant them alongside your regular outdoor crop and have a nice harvest in the mid- dle of the season! Basically speaking, you plant the seed, wait for it to germinate, propagate for a couple of weeks and then move into your final container.
No need for clones, no need for separate vegging and flow- ering rooms and no need to change the timers on your lights. Autos are the fastest, easy to grow and most compact and easy to hide plants available on the market. How were they created? Most of you will be aware of two types of cannabis variety; Indica and Sativa. The Indica plant varieties are typically squat, bushy plants, highly resinous and high yielding, producing buds with a strong stoned effect. The Sativa plant varieties are typically taller, less bushy, with long thin leaves, producing buds with a soaring high effect.
Put simply, breeders cross Indica and Sativa varieties to produce mixed strains containing the positive char- acteristics from both parents. Autoflowering strains introduce a third Cannabis variety; the Cannabis Ruderalis. Reports vary, but it is largely thought that this variety originated in South East Russia and spread into China and further East. As a smoker or grower, the pure Ruderalis plant is of little inter- est; it grows small in height up to around 60cm produces few female flowers and the buds that it does pro- duce contain relatively little THC.
However, as a breeder, the Ruderalis contains a very interesting charac- teristic; the variety has the ability to grow from seed to adult in around 10 weeks allowing it to grow in cooler climates, with less available light. Also, the female Ruderalis quickly generates flowers without needing a reduction in daylight ours.
It flowers when it reaches a certain age, rather than being depend- ant on light. It autoflowers! The first crosses of the Ruderalis plant werent particularly popular but, as dif- ferent breeders and seed banks got involved, the quality quickly improved.
Now you can get autoflowering varieties of many of your favourite strains and the majority of them are also feminised no need to sex your plants or change your lighting, what could be easier?
What Are The Benefits? Autos have quickly become popular within the Cannabis community; heres why; - Ideal for beginners or lazy growers!
Just plant your seed, propagate for a couple of weeks and let the genetics do their thing. Get an Auto feminised seed and you dont even need to sex your plants. Also, the small stature of the Auto plant lends itself well to the inexperienced grower who needs to concentrate on feeding and creating the correct envi- ronment, rather than pruning or train- ing their plants to ensure they dont outgrow their room.
Overlapping your plant- ing and harvest times by a week or so means that, even in the UK, you could conceivably pull 3 outdoor harvests in a year!!
The short growth cycle also allows you to start an outdoor crop later in the year. So, if we have a crap spring and we usually do! This is handy for outdoor growing in the UK and for newer grow- ers who dont have the experience maintain a stable temperature in their grow room.
This is perfect for growers with a small room or grow tents and for guerrilla growers looking for an easy to conceal plant. Beat them to the harvest time with an Auto strain! The fast harvest time means that you can cross and produce quickly.
One tip: What Are The Down Sides? Every positive has a negative, every ying needs a yang! Autos are no exception; - Much reduced harvest you will crop less bud with an Auto plant. The plants are smaller in stature anyway and you cant control the vegging period in order for the plant to fill out and fill your growing space before flowering. The Ruderalis plant, that Auto strains descend from, produces less bud than a Sativa or Indica strain anyway.
Some of the dwarf Auto strains, which fin- ish in around 60 days, will typically produce under an ounce per plant. Although, with the introduction of Super Autos this is now changing. Some of the early Auto strains produced had very little psychoactive content whatsoever, which gave the plants a bad reputation with some growers. However, with more and more com- mercial seed banks and breeders com- ing on board, the quality of Autos has advanced rapidly and will continue to advance take a look through this magazine and see the big names that are now producing Auto varieties.
Its not impossi- ble to clone an Auto plant but, because the plants will mature and flower regardless of the amount of light they receive, you cannot prolong the veg- etative phase to develop the clone. If you take a cutting from an Auto plant that is just about to flower, then that clone will begin to flower. So, there is no swapping or selling of clones. In theory, the more light they receive, the greater the yield they produce since the maturation is determined by age rather than light hours, you wont really shorten the growth cycle significantly with more light, the plant will just photosynthesise more and produce more yield within the set amount of time.
Economically speaking, its advisable to think about your electricity bill when you decide on the amount of light you give. Is it worth keeping that watt lamp blazing 24 hours, to get a few extra grams? Probably not, youll end up spending more on electricity than you get back on yield. The best advice is to experiment between hours of light and see what results you get with the same strain. You could change to a HPS lamp in the red spectrum once you begin to see bud development.
Nutrients as with regular plants, using a specific Grow and Bloom nutrient will help to promote dense lateral growth in the vegetative stage first 3 weeks after germination and development of buds in the flowering stage. Use the Grow nutrient until the end of the first week of flowering, just as you would with a regular Cannabis variety.
Root and bloom stimulators and PK addi- tives can all be used as normal. Potting Up As the majority of Auto strains will remain at a relatively small size, it is counterproductive to use very large pots because theyll start to flower before they fill them.
Remember that you cant prolong the vegetative stage to allow the roots to fill the pot. The plants will flower from around 3 weeks old and you want all energy to be con- centrated on bud production after this time, so, one pot up after germina- tion should be all they require, nothing larger than an 11L container.
Outdoor growing autoflowering varie- ties can be grown in the UK much further North than regular varieties as the matu- ration time is so much quicker. Also, the small size of some the Dwarf Auto varieties makes them ideal for sneaky guerrilla grows or that space in the greenhouse or garden, that is just out of site of the neighbours! The Future As discussed, autoflowering plants have grown in popularity to the extent that many award winning and classic strains are now available in Auto form.
These plants have aroma and strength compa- rable with regular photoperiod plants and arent too far off in terms of yield production when compared to a regu- lar plant, flowered after weeks. A recent development in the field of autoflowering is the emergence of the Super Auto strains. These varieties are far larger than regular Autos and have a much longer vegetative period, allow- ing them to grow to an impressive size before flowering is automatically trig- gered.
Expects harvests after days rather than the days with a regular Auto. The advantage with the Supers is that the longer veg time a Sativa characteristic will mean much larger yields. Its clear that Autos are more than just a short term craze and for the begin- ner, outdoor guerrilla or grower short on space they can make more sense than a regular variety.
They are here to stay! There are several different ways to do this, but a common way is to group life forms into kingdoms of Bacteria, Protozoa Amoebas , Chromista algae , Animalia animals , Plantae plants and Fungi. By Grubbycup Members of the Plantae kingdom are the plants that gardeners grow.
These belov- ed members of their kingdom supply us members of Animalia people are mem- bers of the animal kingdom with treas- ures of fibers, foods, flowers, and flavors. But they are not alone.
Soft Secrets | Sweet Seeds®
The neighboring kingdom of Fungi includes both enemies and allies including molds, mildews, mush- rooms, yeasts, and mycorrhiza. In general, fungi prefer dark, wet, undis- turbed environments.
While members of the plant kingdom use cellulose to build cell walls, fungi use chitin, which is the same substance found in lobster shells, insect carapaces, and octopus beaks. They often reproduce by releasing spores, which are tiny groups of cells that float through the air in the hopes of landing in a hospita- ble area to form a new colony. Spores from common local fungi are often already pre- sent in gardens, and they are just awaiting proper conditions to begin growth.
These spores often require near continuous avail- able moisture, and as a result overly humid or wet gardens have a greater tendency to have fungal problems. Air circulation can have a strong influence on fugal growth, since poor air movement can create pockets of high humidity air around plant material that encourages det- rimental fungal growth. Since fungi do not use chlorophyll, they have no light require- ments, and in fact often prefer darker areas.
Wet plant refuse in a pile is an open invita- tion for an opportunistic fungal colony, so garden waste should be dealt with and not allowed to collect in damp conditions.
Fungal outbreaks can start with as little as 24 hours of appropriate conditions. Stem Rot is a fungus that can develop on and kill off overwatered seedlings.
Once contracted, it is usually fatal, but can be avoided by proper watering. Root Rot is also caused by overwatering plants, but again can usually be avoided with proper watering and root aeration. Gray Mold attacks areas of poor air circulation, and can usually be avoided with some com- bination of proper ventilation, trimming areas of dense growth, and trying the plant open to allow for internal airflow.
Powdery Mildew is another moist garden fungal menace, common to appear, but with several treatment options includ- ing milk and other homemade remedies. Verticillium Wilt is a destructive fungus that invades and grows inside infect- ed plants, an almost always fatal and untreatable arrangement. Dutch Elm dis- ease is another terminal fungal ailment. Prevention is easier than treatment, so keeping humidity under control, removing decomposing plant material, and the elimination of standing water are the best methods to avoid an initial outbreak.
Once a colony has become established, in most cases it must be treated. Correction of environmental issues, removal of colonized plant mate- rial, chemical fungicides, and biological fungicides are all options for treatment. Sulfur is a common treatment, as are neem oil, and the bacterium Bacillus subtilis Serenade. Yeast is a fungus commonly used to make bread rise, and creates the alcohol in wine and beer. Edible mushrooms can be grown at home using logs inoculated with the proper mushroom spores.
However some mushrooms can be toxic, so make sure of the identity of any mushroom considered for consumption. Fungi assist in plant decomposition and the conversion of waste plant material into compost. They break down large and woody plant material into forms more accessible to further decomposi- tion by bacteria. Some fungi are so helpful they are inten- tionally added to gardens.
Mycorrhiza are often added to plant root systems to improve nutrient uptake, and some are even used as biological pesticides. For example, entomopathogenic fungi such as Purpureocillium lilacinum have been used to combat parasitic nematodes by infect- ing their eggs. Mycorrhizal fungi have formed symbiotic mututally beneficial relationships with almost all terrestrial plants. These colo- nies are in a symbiotic relationship with the plant, where each benefits more than it loses from the presence of the other.
Mycorrhiza fungi are found naturally occurring in healthy live soil. The com- bination of mycorrhiza fungi and plant root are what is known as mycorrhizae fungus-roots. Plants with well established mycorrhizae tend to perform better than those that do not. The plant provides a carbohydrate source for the fungus, and in return, the fungus helps assist the plants in nutrient uptake, drought resistance, and blocking their environmental niche from pathogenic fungi. Mycorrhizae col- lect and process nitrogen, phosphorus and a variety of micronutrients and pass to the plant.
Of particular use is their abil- ity to increase phosphorus uptake, which dramatically increases over non infected plants. Mycorrhizae thrive on carbohy- drates, which is part of what they receive in return from the plant in exchange for their helping the plant to thrive. One way to boost mycorrhizae is to feed them with a carbohydrate additive such as molasses. If using mycorrhizal inoculants, apply at the beginning of the season to establish the colonies early. Once established, the infected roots should serve as a host to allow the fungus to spread throughout the root system.
Much like a small colony of mold will take over an entire loaf of bread, in a healthy root system mycorrhi- za will spread to fill the available space. Plant improvements from inoculate use are particularly pronounced when used early in poor or sterile mediums. In soil that already contains high levels benefi- cial fungi, adding more spores has a less pronounced effect.
Plantae isnt the only kingdom that fungi interact with, lichen are part fungi and part algae, and penicillin Penicillium chrysoge- num is taken as penicillin by the Animalia kingdom to combat invasions by members of the Bacteria kingdom. Speaking of the interaction between ani- mals us and fungi, the hallucinogenic psilocybin mushroom is another fungus occasionally consumed for its effects. While the dangers of eating a non-iden- tified wild mushroom are very real.
They can be safely grown at home as a hobby using a prefabricated kit such as the ones offered from Back to Roots who sell small mushroom kits made from recycled cof- fee grounds.
Several online merchants sell spores and other equipment needed for more the adventuresome hobbyist, but a small kit is a fun way to try out the experi- ence to see if it suits you. There are good fungi, and then there are some unpleasant ones. Like with every- thing else, make friends with the good, and avoid the bad where you can. By Little Lebowski The first 10 days after germination can be the most crucial of your plants life.
Pre-Germination Tips Some of the problems associated with bringing on seedlings can stem from the fact that not all of your seeds will germi- nate at the same time. For example, keep- ing the vents on a propagator closed while you wait for all your seeds to show can lead to the germinated seedlings rotting or damping off.
To avoid these problems, you may choose to germinate or pop your seeds before you plant them into their growing medium. This way you can be sure that you have selected the healthiest seeds and wont be waiting around for the weaker ones to germinate.
There are a couple of tried and tested pre- germination methods; 1. Cup of water take a cup of mineral water and leave it in for a few hours to bring it up to room temperature. Put your seeds into the water and break the surface tension with a clean finger so that the seeds sink. Place the cup in a dark place that stays at a constant tem- perature, preferably between C. Within hours the seeds will have cracked and the tap roots will show. The seeds can be left in the water until the tap root protrudes a few millimetres and can then be planted out.
Paper tissue method sandwich the seeds between pieces of damp tissue or paper towels and place them in an air- tight container, ziplock bag or between two upturned dinner plates. Place in a warm, dark environment; an airing cup- board or on top of a fridge or dvd player where warm air is constantly vented out. The seeds should germinate within 48 hours and can then be planted. Ensure that you plant the seeds a few mil- limetres under the surface of your chosen growing medium with the tap root point- ing down, within a couple of days the seedlings will break through and you wont be left waiting around for any runts.
Choose The Correct Environment Without doubt, the absolute best environ- ment for a young seedling is a propaga- tor. Seedlings need consistency in order to grow healthily; that means consistent temperature, humidity and air flow.
A propagator provides this consistent envi- ronment. Any changes to these environ- mental factors need to be done as gradu- ally as possible to prevent shock - and its easy to do this with a propagator.
In its simplest form a propagator can be made from any material that allows light to reach the seedling and maintains a constant environment by trapping heat and humidity inside it.
A clear plastic bag sat over the top of a pot and attached with an elastic band, forms a cheap but effect propagator! Your local hydro shop will stock inexpen- sive plastic propagators that comprise of a seed tray and a clear plastic lid or humid- ity dome. The lids often have adjustable vents that allow you to control the airflow and humidity levels inside the propagator. Once all seedlings are showing, gradually open the vents a little each day, this will increase the airflow and decrease the humidity, this process is called hardening off and gets the seedlings ready to be moved into the main room.
It also pre- vents damping off. After 10 days the lid should be fully removed and your seed- lings will be ready for transplanting up. The ideal root zone temperature for seed- lings to develop is between 19 - 22C. Keeping temperatures uniform across all seedlings will ensure that they develop at the same rate and are ready to transplant at the same time.
This can be achieved by placing your propagator onto a heat mat or, if youre bringing on lots of seedlings, invest in a heated propagator. Use The Correct Light Once your seeds have germinated and have broken through the surface of the growing medium, they will begin to pho- tosynthesise and must have light for a minimum of 18 hours per day.
Although it is certainly possible to start Cannabis plants on the windowsill using natural sunlight, this method carries its problems; the main one being that the sun is not as consistent as a grow lamp. A hot sunny day is difficult to plan for and you could return home to a window sill full of wilted plants.
Seedlings are vulnerable and can wilt within hours if the conditions are wrong. Direct sunlight can fry them! If natural light levels are poor, the seed- lings will stretch for light, leaving you with long, spindly plants that only develop small yields.
Remember, if youre growing indoors, you need to maxim- ise the available headroom under your lights. You need to keep plants short and squat until they are ready for flowering. Otherwise you are wasting space on long stems, rather than long buds!
Why spend good money on seeds and then risk losing all of your plants on the windowsill? It makes sense to invest in some indoor lighting. When plants are very small, excessive heat and light can stunt their growth or even kill them. Fluorescent lighting is less intense and gives off less heat, so is much more suit- able. These fluorescent lamps are cheaper to purchase and operate than HID lighting and, because they give off much less heat, they can be placed closer to your seedlings so you waste very little light.
In the UK a single 24 watt T5 strip light will cost as little as 20 from your local hydro shop. This would cover seedlings in a small propagator. Feed At The Right Times Before planting your seed, your growing medium should already be moist, but not completely saturated. Peat or coco plugs should be soaked in water until they are fully expanded and then allowed to drain overnight. If you are using rock wool cubes to propagate, soak them in a solu- tion of quarter strength nutrient solution that has been pHd to 5.
As discussed, the main objective when propagating your seedlings is to quickly establish a healthy root zone. To do this it is good to understand the effects of watering the root zone.
Roots grow in response to depletion zones, i. When a root has absorbed all of the available water and minerals in one area of growing medium, it grows outwards to find more. This is how the plant fills the growing medium with roots. Therefore, it is essential to allow the growing medium to dry out before re-watering. This allows the roots to use up the majority of the food and water present.
When water and food is always available, the roots dont need to search out for them and the root zone will be underdeveloped. Obviously, it is very important not to over water seedlings, however it is a balancing act, as under watering will cause the roots to die back and this too limits development. Its worth remembering that seedlings are tiny and are unlikely to need any additional food or water for the first 3 to 5 days after germination. If in doubt, you can purchase a soil moisture meter to double check.
The first feed can be given to your seed- lings once the first real leaves appear; these are the second set that develops after germination. Dont feed stronger than an EC level of 1. Always stay on the cautious side with your feed, its easy to give addi- tional food if your plants need it, but its difficult to correct over feeding with very young plants. Learn to read your plants; as a general rule, if the lower leaves start to yellow, they are hungry.
If the edges of the leaves are brown or curling, they are overfed. Transplant With Care If youve started your seeds in a propa- gation medium like rock wool cubes, peat or coco pellets then within 10 days of germination they should be ready to transplant onto the next stage. Even seeds started in a small 3 inch pot of soil of coco will probably be ready to move up a pot within two weeks of germina- tion.
The seedlings will still be vulnerable at this stage, so the main goal is to mini- mise transplant shock. For best results and to minimise shock transplant into the same growing medium that you started in, for example seeds ger- minated in soil should be transplanted to a soil pot, coco to a coco pot.
This will speed up the time the seedling takes to root in its new medium. The exception to this rule is rock wool, which provides an inert, sterile starting block which can be transplanted to any medium. Each block is completely uniform to the next, so each seedling will grow consistently and will be ready to transplant at the same time. Contrary to popular belief, when trans- planting into a new medium, its a good idea not to water on the day of transplant- ing.
Its likely that the seedlings will have suffered some root damage when they were transplanted, watering immediately can introduce pathogens into the dam- aged roots.
It is best to wait until the next day and water in with a dose of plant stress reliever, like SuperThrive. This will also help to prevent root rot or damping off. It is also worth mentioning that you can bury a plant up to the first node or branch when transplanting.
This allows you to shorten the height of individual plants and ensures an even canopy. This technique can be done at every stage of potting up.
Timing is key for successful transplanting; you want the roots of the seedling to have appeared on the outside of the propaga- tion medium. Transplant too early and you can stunt top growth as you wait for the roots to fill out the medium. What do you have to do? Very simple. Share this message before April 9th and let us know why you want to go and with whom you want to visit this festival.
Deciding if you will be growing from seed or from clone can do be down to a few different things. It can be down to what country you live and what the laws permit, if you are part of a cloning culture, or as the European scene is heavy into growing seeds Have a fantastic stoney sunday all x: Jump to.
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But if you're having a hard time sleepi I was gifted some Gorilla by Dinafem and could not wait to get these started. Recently Gorilla Glue has become a heavy hitting favourite in America, and Gorilla. Soft Secrets International April 10 at 7: The only real cannabis cup in the world The Highlife Cup was founded in by Dutch growers magazine Highlife in Holland and it is the largest The only real cannabis cup in the world.
Soft Secrets International April 7 at 3: Unlike humans, plants have the ability to grow missing parts, because every cell within the plant contains the genetic information required to re-grow. Soft Secrets International is feeling amused.
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